International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
Volume 1, Issue 1, February 2013, Pages: 9-1
Received: Jan. 29, 2013;
Published: Feb. 20, 2013
Views 3094 Downloads 250
Costas Daskalakis, Applied Industrial Technologies Ltd., Gerakas, Attiki, Greece
Nikos Sakkas, Applied Industrial Technologies Ltd., Gerakas, Attiki, Greece
Maria Kouveletsou, Applied Industrial Technologies Ltd., Gerakas, Attiki, Greece
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) in buildings are faced with transmission issues, much more severe than those of outdoor applications. Next to the transmission effective range, battery lifetime is also of a high importance, as it can sig-nificantly affect network performance and maintenance requirements. In this paper we present an architectural concept, in fact a dynamic routing protocol, for the setup of a building WSN. Three key goals have underpinned the protocol design; ability to cost efficiently address transmission distance within buildings, acceptable battery longevity, typically up to a year, and no data loss. Experimental data have been collected over a period of several months and have demonstrated the much enhanced performance of the network, when compared to the performance before the protocol implementation.
Meeting the Challenges for Wireless Sensor Network Deployment in Buildings, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks.
Vol. 1, No. 1,
2013, pp. 9-1.
EnergyWarden, 2010, European Commission, 23 Jun 2012 http://energywarden.net.
Karl H. and Willig A. (2007) Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks. England: John Wiley & Sons.
Levis P. and Gay D. (2009) TinyOS Programming. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
TinyOS, 2011, University of California Berkeley, 23 Jun 2012 http://www.tinyos.net.
Gnawali O., Fonseca R., Jamieson K., Moss D., Levis P., Collection tree protocol, Proceedings of the 7th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems (2009) 126-127.
D. B. Johnson and D. A. Maltz, Dynamic Source Routing in Ad-Hoc Wireless Networks, Mobile Computing (1996).
Sinchan R. and Chiranjib P., Geographic Adaptive Fidelity and Geographic Energy Aware Routing in Ad Hoc Routing, Special Issue of IJCCT Vol.1 Issue 2, 3, 4; 2010 for International Conference [ACCTA-2010], 3-5 August 2010.
Gelenbe E., Lent R., Power-aware ad hoc cognitive packet networks, Ad Hoc Networks 2(3) (2004) 205-216.
Wattenhofer R., Li L., Bahl P., Wang Y.-M., Distributed topology control for power efficient operation in multihop wireless ad hoc networks, Proceedings of INFOCOM 2011, Twentieth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, IEEE 3 (2001) 1388-1397.
Mhatre V., Rosenberg C., Design guidelines for wireless sensor networks: communication, clustering and aggregation, Ad Hoc Networks 2(1) (2004) 45-63.
Qiu W., Skafidas E., Hao P., Enhanced tree routing for wireless sensor networks, Ad Hoc Networks 7(3) (2009) 638-650.
Maroti M., Kusy B., Simon G., Ledeczi A., The flooding time synchronization protocol, Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems (2004) 39-49.
Sundararaman B., Buy U., Kshemkalayani A.D., Clock synchronization for wireless sensor networks: a survey, Ad Hoc Networks 3(3) (2005) 281-323.
L. Subramanian and R. H. Katz, An Architecture for Building Self Configurable Systems, In Proceedings of the Seventh Annual ACM/IEEE International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking 2001, pp. 70-84.