Composite Coatings for Fibre Bragg Grating Sensor in High Temperature Environments
International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
Volume 3, Issue 2, October 2015, Pages: 12-17
Received: Sep. 3, 2015;
Accepted: Sep. 19, 2015;
Published: Oct. 10, 2015
Views 3526 Downloads 152
Ying Huang, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, United States
Fardad Azarmi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, U.S.A
Mehdi Salimi Jazi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, U.S.A
Fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor has been widely applied for structural health monitoring of various applications due to its unique advantages of compact size, remote interrogation, electromagnetic hardening, high sensitivity, passive operation, real-time, and distributed sensing. However, the regular FBG sensors have a limitation of working below temperature of 300°C and without special care or expensive special sensor design, its use in high temperature environments is limited. In this paper, cost-effective composite coatings are developed to enable the use of FBG sensors in high temperature environments. The developed composite coatings combine various metal and nonmetal layers to achieve the best temperature elimination effects with less heat residual stress. The design of the composite coating is guided through theoretical and numerical modeling analysis of heat transfer and thermal stress progressing. Experimental studies have proved that the developed composite coating can work effective to insulate heat effect for sensors up to 650°C without inducing significant deformation on the top of sensor surface from heat. The developed composite coating packaged FBG sensors, thus, may be able to apply for high temperature environments on a spacecraft in harsh service environments and buildings in fire environments.
Mehdi Salimi Jazi,
Composite Coatings for Fibre Bragg Grating Sensor in High Temperature Environments, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 12-17.
H. Sohn, C. R. Farrar, F. M. Hemez, D. D. Shunk, D. W. Stinemates, B. R. Nadler, and J. J. Czarnecki, “A Review of Structural Health Monitoring Literature: 1996–2001,” Los Alamos National Laboratory Report, LA-13976-MS, 2004.
E. Udd, Fibre Optic Sensors, John Wiley and Sons: New York, NY, 199.
F. T. S. Yu and S. Yin, Fiber optic sensors, New York: Dekker, 2002, Chaps. 2 and 4 and p. 124.
S. J. Mihailov, “Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors for Harsh Environments”, Sensors, Vol. 12, pp. 1898-1918, 2012.
J. L. Archambault, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, “High reflectivity and narrow bandwidth fibre gratings written by single excimer pulse”, Electron. Lett. Vol. 29, pp. 28-29, 1993.
C. G. Askins, M. A. Putman, G. M. Williams, and E. J. Friebele, “Stepped wavelength optical fiber Bragg grating arrays fabricated in line on a draw tower,” Opt. Lett., Vol. 19, pp. 147-1479, 1994.
K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, “Writing waveguides in glass with a femtosecond laser,” Opt. Lett., Vol. 21, pp. 1729-1731, 1996.
S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, “Bragg grating inscription in various optical fibers with femtosecond infrared lasers and a phase mask,” Opt. Mater. Exp., Vol. 1, pp. 754-765, 2011.
D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and H. Ding, “Sapphire fiber Bragg grating sensor made using femtosecond laser radiation for ultrahigh temperature applications,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., Vol. 16, pp. 2505-2507, 2004.
B. Zhang and M. Kahrizi, “High-Temperature Resistance Fiber Bragg Grating Temperature Sensor Fabrication,” Sensors Journal, IEEE, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 586- 591, 2007.
R. Rajini-Kumar, M. Suesser, K. G. Narayankhedkar, G. Krieg, and M. D. Atrey, “Performance Evaluation of Metal-coated Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors for Sensing Cryogenic Temperature”, Cryogenics, Vol. 48, pp. 142-147, 2008.
X. Zhang, Sensitivity Alteration of Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors through On-fiber Metallic Coatings Produced by A Combined Laser-assisted Maskless Microdeposition and Electroless Plating Process, Master Thesis, the University of Waterloo, 2013.
A. Méndez and T. F. Morse, Specialty Optical Fibers Handbook, Elsevier Academic Press: San Diego, CA, 2007.
C. Holton, “Protected High Temperature Optical Fiber Sensors, Gauge Elements and Systems”, in Fundamental Aero Program Workshop, New Orleans, 2007.
M. M. Finckenor and D. Dooling, “Multilayer Insulation Material Guidelines”, NASA STI office, Report No. NASA/TP-1999–209263, April 1999.
J. P. Holman, Heat Transfer, 10th edition, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company: New York, NY, 2009.
G. M. Armando, V. C. Christian, A. B. B. José, H. R. H. Víctor and M. B. F. José, Analysis of the Conjugate Heat Transfer in a Multi-Layer Wall including an Air Layer, Chapter 22 in Heat Transfer - Mathematical Modelling, Numerical Methods and Information Technology, InTech: Rijeka, Croatia, 201.