Design and Implementation of a Transformer Vandalism Monitoring System
International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 76-80
Received: Oct. 31, 2017;
Accepted: Nov. 20, 2017;
Published: Jan. 2, 2018
Views 1406 Downloads 89
Erick Kithinji Kirunguru, Department of Energy Science and Engineering, Sichuan Provincial State Power Laboratory at University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
Qi Huang, Department of Energy Science and Engineering, Sichuan Provincial State Power Laboratory at University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
Patrick Nyaaba Ayambire, Department of Energy Science and Engineering, Sichuan Provincial State Power Laboratory at University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China
Follow on us
Transformer vandalism is becoming an alarming issue in the whole world. Power distribution companies are incurring losses of billions of money due to transformer vandalism. This paper is going to contributes to the design and implementation of a transformer vandalism monitoring system architecture that can be used by the power companies to deter or monitor the transformers against vandals. It is going to design a monitoring system that can be able to detect the presence of a vandal near the transformer, raise the alarm and send a message/call the control room officers or security officers in designated areas for response. The paper is going to have an algorithm that will be able to show the transformer location, transformer number and the necessary authorities near the transformer. The monitoring system will be a combination of Arduino hardware with Integrated Development Environment (IDE) program, sensors, and GSM for mobile communications. In this paper, the case study will be Kenya Power Company, a state utility company that is responsible for distributing electricity to consumers, emergency electricity services and lastly retails the electricity in Kenya.
Transformer Vandalism, Arduino, Global Mobile Communication System (GSM), Arduino GSM Shield 2, Arduino library Integrated Development Environment (IDE), PIR Sensors (Passive Infrared)
To cite this article
Erick Kithinji Kirunguru,
Patrick Nyaaba Ayambire,
Design and Implementation of a Transformer Vandalism Monitoring System, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2017, pp. 76-80.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Anti-Vandalism Committee, "Vandalism of Transformers and Conductors in KPLC," B. o. Directors, Ed., ed. Nairobi, 2007.
A. F. Adenikinju, "Electric infrastructure failures in Nigeria: a survey-based analysis of the costs and adjustment responses," Energy Policy 2003.
M. W. J. P. KOECH, "A-Device-to-Detect-Transformer-Vandalism.," BSC. ELECTRONICS AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING, DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING, JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY, nairobi, 2009.
M. Y. MAJIWA, "THE IMPACT OF ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER VANDALISM ON ELECTRICITY UTILITY BUSINESS IN KENYA. Degree of Masters in Business Administration (MBA), Business Administration, UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY, 2014.
M. S. Bilal Ahmad Khan, Mudassar Raza, Tariq Umer, Khalid Hussain, "An Approach for Surveillance Using Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN)," Journal of Information & Communication Technology, vol. 1, 2009.
B. M. Shankar, Q. Hao, B. Guenther, "Human tracking systems Using pyroelectric infrared detectors," Journal of Information & Communication Technology,, vol. vol. 10, no. 45, pp. 106401 (01-10), Oct. 2006, pp. 01-10, Oct. 2006 2006.
F. M. Wahl, M.; Amft, O, "A distributed PIR-based approach for estimating people count in office environments," In Proceedings of the IEEE 15th International Conference on Computational Science and Engineering, pp. 640-647, 2012.
S. R. M. Sathishkumar, "Smart Surveillance System Using PIR Sensor Network and GSM," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET), vol. 4, 2015.
Anurag Kumar, Bharadwaj Amrutur, "Wireless sensor networks for human intruder detection," Journal of the Indian Institute of Science, vol. 90, july-sep 2010 2010.
H. D. Thomas E. Murphy. (2012, 17-JUNE 2012). INTRODUCTION TO THE ARDUINO MICROCONTROLLER.