International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 1-10
Received: Aug. 26, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 5, 2014;
Published: Nov. 29, 2014
Views 3772 Downloads 279
Shozo Komaki, Department of Electronics Systems Engineering, MJIIT, UTM, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpure, Malaysia
Sevia M. Idrus, Head of Photonics Fabrication Lab., Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM, Jalan Universiti, UTM, Johor, Malaysia
Toshio Wakabayashi, Department of Electronics Systems Engineering, MJIIT, UTM, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpure, Malaysia
A. K. M. Muzahidul Islam, Department of Electronics Systems Engineering, MJIIT, UTM, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpure, Malaysia
Sabariah Baharun, Department of Electronics Systems Engineering, MJIIT, UTM, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpure, Malaysia
Wan Haslina Hassan, Department of Electronics Systems Engineering, MJIIT, UTM, Jalan Semarak, 54100, Kuala Lumpure, Malaysia
Recently, smart grid networks are researched and developed for the greening of the energy consumption. When introducing these into the university or the community, it is required not only the wide area cooperation and the high-speed monitoring & control, but also the construction of the heterogeneous infrastructure with the security and the flexibility. In this paper, recent research on the Radio on Fiber (RoF) technologies are described, and the technology application to the university and/or community smart grid is suggested. And also it is proposed the wide area remote connection of heterogeneous cognitive radio networks by RoF-MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output) technologies. Network throughput and the network outage rate using various types of RoF-MIMO systems are calculated and compared. And it is shown that the distributed parallel RoF-MIMO can improve the throughput and the outage performance simultaneously. Prototyping Experiment is also conducted in the faculty building and confirms that the network outage is improved by the distributed parallel RoF-MIMO.
Sevia M. Idrus,
A. K. M. Muzahidul Islam,
Wan Haslina Hassan,
Heterogeneous Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks through RoF-MIMO Technologies, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks. Special Issue: Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks.
Vol. 3, No. 1-1,
2015, pp. 1-10.
J. Mitola and G. Q. Maguire, “Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal,” IEEE personal communications, vol. 6, pp. 13-18, 1999.
Hamed Al-Raweshidy, and Shozo Komaki, “Radio Over Fiber Technologies for Mobile Communication Networks,” Artech House, 2002
Satbir Singh, “Simulative Radio Over Fiber Communication System,” Lambert, 2011.
Jesse Russell, and Ronald Cohn, “Radio Over Fiber,” Pubmix, 2013.
S. Komaki, edited, “ Wireless Agents Technology (in Japanese),” Maruzen Press., July 2008.
T. Kaji, Y. Minoda, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, "Radio agent realizing user utility-based resource allocation in wireless spot access," IEEE International Symposium on ISCIT 2004, 2004, pp. 286-289 vol.1.
Y. Morioka, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, "Proposal of SIP based AP Selection Agent System in Wireless LAN," IEEE 18th International Symposium on PIMRC 2007, 2007, pp. 1-5.
S. Komaki, "Heterogeneous cognitive radio on fiber technologies for university and/or community smart grids," IEEE 4th International Conference on ICP2013, 2013, pp. 1-4.
H. Luong Hong, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, "Performance improvement of radio-on-fiber ubiquitous antenna system using sub-carrier resource management," Proc. SPIE - Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (USA). pp. 63900-1, 2006.
L.H. Hai, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “Performance Improvement of RoF Ubiquitous Antenna system using Sub-carrier Resource Management,” IEICE Trans Electron, Vol.E90-C, No.2, Feb. 2007
R. Abdolee, R. Ngah, V. Vakilian, and T. A. Rahman, "Application of radio-over-fiber (ROF) in mobile communication," 2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics (APACE). p. 5 pp., 2007.
C. A. R. Fernandes, A. Kibangou, G. Favier, and J. C. M. Mota, "Identification of nonlinear MIMO radio over fiber uplink channels," ITS '07. 2007 International Telecommunications Symposium. pp. 213-18., 2007.
H. Luong Hong, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, “Grouping methods for orthogonal frequency- and space-division multiple access in a radio-on-fiber radio-space transmission system,” Optical Engineering, vol. 46, no. 9, pp. 1-9, 2007.
H. Seongtaek, K. Hoon, B. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lee, S. Kim, K. Song, J. Cho, and Y. Oh, "RoF system for TDD-based 44 MIMO OFDMA wireless communication systems," LEOS 2007. 20th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society. pp. 745-6.
I. Harjula, A. Ramirez, F. Martinez, D. Zorrilla, M. Katz, and V. Polo, "Practical issues in the combining of MIMO techniques and RoF in OFDM/A systems," Electronic Communications. Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Electronics Hardware, Wireless and Optical Communications (EHAC '08). pp. 244-8., 2007.
T. Yamakami, T. Higashino, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, "An experimental investigation of applying MIMO to RoF ubiquitous antenna system," 2008 International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP 2008) jointly held with the 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conference (APMP). pp. 201-4., 2008.
M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, and A. Ng'Oma, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," LEOS 2009 -22nd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society. LEO 2009. pp. 675-6., 2009.
I. J. G. Zuazola, J. C. Batchelor, A. Nkansah, D. Wake, and N. J. Gomes, "Microcell MIMO RoF system using low cost array antennas and improved DFB matching lines," 2009 Loughborough Antennas Propagation Conference (LAPC). pp. 373-6., 2009.
A. Chowdhury, C. Hung-Chang, F. Shu-Hao, Y. Jianjun, and C. Gee-Kung, “Multi-band transport technologies for in-building host-neutral wireless over fiber access systems,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 28, no. 16, pp. 2406-15, 2010.
A. Hekkala, J. Perttu, M. Lasanen, L. C. Vieira, and N. J. Gomes, "Predistortion study of radio over fibre link," 2010 Future Network Mobile Summit. p. 8 pp., 2010.
T. Higashino, T. Yamakami, K. Tsukamoto, and S. Komaki, "Link quality based MIMO antenna selection in RoF ubiquitous antenna," 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP 2010). p. 4 pp., 2010.
K. Mitsuyama, T. Ikeda, and T. Ohtsuki, "Practical delay difference correction in distributed MIMO OFDM systems," 2010 IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (ICWITS 2010). p. 4 pp., 2010.
C. A. R. Fernandes, G. Favier, and J. C. M. Mota, “PARAFAC-based channel estimation and data recovery in nonlinear MIMO spread spectrum communication systems,” Signal Processing, vol. 91, no. 2, pp. 311-22, 2011.
L. Tarlazzi, P. Faccin, E. M. Vitucci, F. Fuschini, and V. Degli-Esposti, "Characterization of an interleaved F-DAS MIMO indoor propagation channel," 2010 Loughborough Antennas Propagation Conference (LAPC 2010). pp. 505-8., 2010.
C.T. Lin, A. Ng’oma,. W.Y. Lee, C.C. Wei,. C.Y. Wang, T.H. Lu, J.H. Chen, W.Jr. Jiang, and C.H. Ho, “2 × 2 MIMO radio-over-fiber system at 60 GHz employing frequency domain equalization,” OPTICS EXPRESS, Vol. 20, No. 1 , January 2012
S.Komaki,” Radio on Fiber Technology for Cognitive Wireless Sensor Networks ,” Proc. of ICIVE2012, Dahka, Bangladesh, pp.1-5, May 2013.
T. Tashiro, K. Miyamoto, T. Iwakuni, K. Hara, Y. Fukada, J. Kani, et al., "40 km fiber transmission of time domain multiplexed MIMO RF signals for RoF-DAS over WDM-PON," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (OFC/NFOEC), 2012 and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, pp. 1-3.
G. S. D. Gordon, M. J. Crisp, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, "Experimental investigation of antenna selection and transmit beamforming for capacity enhancement in 3X3 MIMO-enabled radio-over-fiber DAS," in Microwave Photonics (MWP), 2013 International Topical Meeting on, pp. 313-316.