Energy Efficient in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Cluster-Based Approach Routing
International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks
Volume 5, Issue 5-1, September 2017, Pages: 6-12
Received: Mar. 22, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 7, 2017; Published: May 13, 2017
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Authors
Hassan Oudani, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Salahddine Krit, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Mustapha Kabrane, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Kaoutar Bandaoud, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Mohamed Elaskri, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Khaoula Karimi, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Hicham Elbousty, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Lahoucine Elmaimouni, Laboratory of Engineering Sciences and Energies, Polydisciplinary Faculty of Ouarzazate, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
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Abstract
In wireless sensor networks, the energy consumed by each node of the network influences the lifetime of the networks, more than the consumption of energy increases more than the lifetime of the networks decreases, this is why the increase of the lifetime of the networks requires a strategy (protocol) which reduces the power consumption of the transmission or reception of data by the sensor nodes. In recent years much research has been done to maximize a life time of network sensor. To deal with this, the hierarchical protocols (Cluster based-approach, chain based-approach) have been developed in order to reduce the network traffic toward the sink and therefore prolong the network lifetime. In this paper, the focus is mainly driven over the survey of the energy-efficient using hierarchical cluster-based approach namely LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy Protocol), in order to propose a new method to maximize more the life time of network sensor. Our method is to conserve energy consumption when transmitting data to the Base Station (BS). We evaluated the performance of the LEACH protocol with our proposed method simulated, the results of our method are demonstrated by the simulation results using Matlab Simulink.
Keywords
Network Sensor, Hierarchical Protocols, LEACH, Energy-Efficient, Cluster Based-Approach, Matlab
To cite this article
Hassan Oudani, Salahddine Krit, Mustapha Kabrane, Kaoutar Bandaoud, Mohamed Elaskri, Khaoula Karimi, Hicham Elbousty, Lahoucine Elmaimouni, Energy Efficient in Wireless Sensor Networks Using Cluster-Based Approach Routing, International Journal of Sensors and Sensor Networks. Special Issue:Smart Cities Using a Wireless Sensor Networks. Vol. 5, No. 5-1, 2017, pp. 6-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijssn.s.2017050501.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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