A Multi-interface Multi-channel Algorithm to Count Nodes Using Wireless Technology
American Journal of Networks and Communications
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 1-19
Received: Sep. 28, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 10, 2016; Published: Feb. 23, 2017
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Authors
Manuel Contreras, School of Computer Science, Central University of Venezuela, Los Chaguaramos, Caracas, Venezuela
Eric Gamess, School of Computer Science, Central University of Venezuela, Los Chaguaramos, Caracas, Venezuela; Department of Computer Science, University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico
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Abstract
In wireless networks, devices can be equipped with multiple interfaces to utilize multiple channels and increase the aggregated network throughput. In fact, as the current price of network interface cards has fallen dramatically, applications have started to use multiple non-overlapping channels to get an enhanced bandwidth, with traditional standards such as IEEE 802.11 a/b/g. In this regard, a wireless network node equipped with more than one interface can concurrently communicate with other nodes on different channels. This operation results in less interference and collisions in the network, and therefore a better use of the network capabilities in terms of bandwidth. In this paper we propose an algorithm that uses multiple channels to improve performance in the counting of objects (people, animals, devices, vehicles, etc) based on wireless communications where devices are equipped with multiple interfaces, which works either for stationary nodes or in scenarios where nodes are moving even at high speeds. In particular, the technique of interface switching is used to take advantage of all the channels, even when the number of available interfaces is smaller than the number of channels. To validate and evaluate the performance and accuracy of the proposal, the algorithm is simulated using a famous network simulation tool called OMNeT++/INET. The results of the simulations show that the proposed algorithm efficiently exploits the advantages of multi-channel, by computing a number of nodes very close to the real one (even in the case of scenarios with nodes moving at high speeds) with an acceptable response time and total number of control messages sent by the nodes to accomplish the counting task.
Keywords
Wireless Networks, Multi-channel Networks, Multi-radio Networks, Network Interface Cards, Node Counting, OMNeT++, INET, Network Simulator
To cite this article
Manuel Contreras, Eric Gamess, A Multi-interface Multi-channel Algorithm to Count Nodes Using Wireless Technology, American Journal of Networks and Communications. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnc.20170601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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