Fuzzy C-means Clustering Applied to the Classification of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Communities in North China
Automation, Control and Intelligent Systems
Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2017, Pages: 73-77
Received: Nov. 16, 2017; Published: Nov. 20, 2017
Views 262      Downloads 11
Naiqi Song, School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China
Jintun Zhang, College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Fuzzy C-means clustering is a soft technique and has some advantages in ecological studies. Glycyrrhiza uralensis is an endangered medicinal plant species and mainly distributed in North China. Species data of 100 plots of 5 m x 5 m from semi-arid and arid regions in North China were analyzed by fuzzy C-means clustering. A hundred plots were classified into 12 vegetation formations by fuzzy C-means clustering. These formations were main communities dominated by Glycyrrhiza uralensis in North China. Each formation has its own composition, structure, distribution range and environment, and all of them should be protected effectively. The results suggest that fuzzy C-means clustering is an useful technique for classification of plant community.
Fuzzy Set Theory, Numerical Classification, Licorice, Medicinal Plant, Ecological Conservation
To cite this article
Naiqi Song, Jintun Zhang, Fuzzy C-means Clustering Applied to the Classification of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Communities in North China, Automation, Control and Intelligent Systems. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 73-77. doi: 10.11648/j.acis.20170505.13
Greig-Smith P. Quantitative plant ecology. 3rd edition. Blackwell Scientific Publications, London, 1-311, 1983.
Kaufmann A. Introduction to the theory of fuzzy subsets: Vol. 1: foundamental theoretical elements. Academic Press, London, 1975.
Sarbu C, Zwanziger HW. Fuzzy classification and comparison of some Romanian and German mineral waters. Analytical Letters, 2001, 34: 1541-1552.
Zhang J-T, Zhang B, Qian ZY. Functional diversity of Cercidiphyllum japonicum, communities in the Shennongjia Reserve, central China. Journal of Forestry Research, 2015, 26(1): 171–177.
Bezdek J C. Pattern Recognition with Fuzzy Objective Function Algorithms. Plenum Press, New York, 1981.
Podani J. Introduction to the Exploration of Multivariate Biological Data. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers, 2000.
Zhang J-T. Quantitative ecology (2nd edition), Beijing: Science Press. (In Chinese), 2011.
Zhou CM. The outline of the normative Cultivation Techniques for Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Research and Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine, 2003, 5(2): 25-28.
Hussain S, Hore DK. Collection and conservation of major medicinal pants of Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2007, 6: 352-357.
Zhou CM. Cultivation Techniques for Glycyrrhiza uralensis. Xinjiang Farmland Reclamation Science and Technology, 2006, 15 (1): 14-15.
Nautiyal BP, Nautiyal MC, Khanduri VP, Rawat N. 2009. Floral Biology of Aconitum heterophyllum Wall: A Critically Endangered Alpine Medicinal Plant of Himalaya, India. Turkish Journal of Botany, 33: 13-20
Kate KT, Laird SA. The commercial use of biodiversity. Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, 1999.
Larsen HO, Olsen CS. Unsustainable collection and unfair trade? Uncovering and assessing assumptions regarding Central Himalayan medicinal plant conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 2007, 16: 1679-1697.
Ji YB, Jiang W, Fan YL. Advance in studies on flavonoids of licorice. Chinese Traditional Herb Drugs, 2004, 35(9): 5-6.
Hu JF,Shen FJ. Structure of a new alkaloid from the roots of Glycyrrhiza yunnanensis.Chemistry Journal of Chinese University, 1995, 16(8): 1245-1247.
Zhang JH, Yao J, Yang YL. Analysis and menstruate contents of alkaloid in licorice.Acta Botanica Boreal- Occidenta Sinica, 2001, 21(5): 1259-1262.
Giraudel JL, Aurelle D, Lek S. Application of the self-organizing mapping and fuzzy clustering microsatellite data: how to detect genetic structure in brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations. In: Lek S., Gueguan J. F. (Eds.), Artificial Neuronal Networks: Application to Ecology and Evolution, Environmental Science. Springer, Berlin. 2000.
Zhang J-T, Li M,Nie EB. Pattern of functional diversity along an altitudinal gradient in the Baihua Mountain Reserve of Beijing, China. Brazilian Journal of Botany, 2014, 37: 37-45.
ter Braak CJF, Šmilauer P. CANOCO Reference Manual and User's Guide to Canoco for Windows. Software for Canonical Community Ordination (version 4.5). Centre for Biometry Wageningen (Wageningen, NL) and Microcomputer Power (Ithaca NY, USA), pp. 352, 2001.
Pan BR, Zhang YM. Characteristics and conservation of biodiversity in Xinjiang. Science in China Series D – Earth Sciences, 2002, 45 (Suppl.): 174-179.
Wu ZY (ed). Vegetation of China. Science Press, Beijing, 1980.
Zhang J-T, Xu B, Li M. Diversity of communities dominated by Glycyrrhiza uralensis, an endangered medicinal plant species, along a precipitation gradient in China. Botanical Studies, 2011, 52: 493-501.
Zhang J-T. A study on relations of vegetation, climate and soils in Shanxi province, China. Plant Ecology, 2002, 162(1): 23-31.
Paschke MW, Redente E F, Brown S L. Biology and establishment of mountain shrubs on mining disturbances in the Rocky Mountains, USA. Land Degradation & Development, 2003, 14 (5): 459-480.
Shen T, Fu T, Yang G. Relationship between Hybrid Performance and Genentic Diversity Based on SSRs and ISSRs in Brassicanapus. Agricultural Science in China, 2003, 2 (10): 1083-1090.
Glaser B, Turrion M-B, Solomon D, Ni A, Zech W. Soil organic matter quantity and quality in mountain soils of the Alay Range, Kyrgyzia, affected by land use change. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 2000, 31 (5): 407-413.
Zhao ZH, Cao JG, Li QY. Study of variety trends of flavonoids in Glycyrrhiza uralensis in the west of Heilongjiang, China. Bulletin Botanical Research, 2004, 24(2): 235-239.
Sadia S, Zhang J, Tariq A, Bai XH, Shedayi A, Cao K, Mazari P, Aslam S, Ahmad L. Species diversity, vegetation pattern and conservation of Gentiana macrophylla Pall. Communities in Dongling Mountain meadow, Beijing, China. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2017, 49(5): 1725-1734.
Song NQ, Zhang J, Zhao FG. The PCA index for measuring functional diversity and its application to Juglans mandshurica communities in the Beijing mountains, China. International Journal of Biomathematics, 2017, 10(7): 1750097 (13 pages).
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931