Satellite Image Used to Solve the Impact of Silt and Velocity on Discharge Carrying Capacity of Right Bank Canals of SukkurBarrage Pakistan
Science Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing
Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2019, Pages: 40-46
Received: Jun. 21, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 3, 2019; Published: Aug. 15, 2019
Views 42      Downloads 11
Authors
Farhan Hussain Wagan, Irrigation Department Sindh, Karachi, Pakistan
Sadaf She, Civil Engineering, Swedish Engineering College, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan
Ghulam Hussain Wagan, Civil Engineering, Swedish Engineering College, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Pakistan is basically an agricultural country, agriculture is considered the back bone of the country. It helps country in earning foreign exchange, about 90% of output comes from agriculture, supports in employment and economy by exporting food grains. Luckly Pakistan has worlds third giant irrigation system, it comprises best storage infra-structure, controlling system of barrages, regulators, conveyance system of canals and an efficient drainage system both horizontal and vertical. Indus river basin irrigation system has three major reservoirs, sixteen barrages, two head works, two siphons across major rivers, 12 inter river link canals and 44 irrigation canals. Average gradient was observed from sea level as flat with rate of 12.5 cm/km (eight inches/mile), Indus provides irrigation system to major portion of Sindh almost 41 percent. The total Gross Commanded area of Sindh and Baluchistan which depends on Indus is 5.92 Mha whereas, the only Cultivable command Area is 5.43 Mha. The major crops grown in Sindh are rice in Kharif and wheat in Rabi. Besides this, Sindh also produces horticultural crops such as: mangoes, bananas, dates and chilies. Sindh has also diversion capacity of 111 billion cubic meter (BCM) which is equivalent to 90 million Acre Feet (MAF). It was found in the research that excess of silt in Right Bank Canal is more to reduce the velocity of water. Satellite image based model shows negligible velocity to Right Pocket at Sukkur Barrage. 60% less cultivation in 2018 at SaifullahMagsi Branch Division at border of Sindh-Balochistan.
Keywords
IRIS of Pakistan, Barrage, Model, Data, Silt, Analysis, Results and Suggestions
To cite this article
Farhan Hussain Wagan, Sadaf She, Ghulam Hussain Wagan, Satellite Image Used to Solve the Impact of Silt and Velocity on Discharge Carrying Capacity of Right Bank Canals of SukkurBarrage Pakistan, Science Journal of Circuits, Systems and Signal Processing. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2019, pp. 40-46. doi: 10.11648/j.cssp.20190802.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Global Warming "Amanda MacMillan" March 11-2016.
[2]
Indus Basin Irrigation System of Pakistan. "Triple Bottom Line Magazine".
[3]
Farhan Hussain Wagan & Salim Khoso "WATER SHORTAGE; IT'S CAUSES, IMPACTS AND REMADIAL MEASURES" Conference: 6th International Civil Engineering Congress, At Karachi, Pakistan 2013.
[4]
Z. Fuat TOPRAK " ideal velocity: A new concept for open channel flows" 2016 journal of water resources and hydraulic engineering (volume 5 Issue 3 pp116-121).
[5]
Tariq Usman Saeedand Taj Ali Khan "Impact of Water Losses and Maintenance of Canal Irrigation System on Agriculture (Case Study: Urmar Minor of Warsak Gravity Canal Pakistan).
[6]
J. Puig Bargues, F. R Lamm "Effect of flushing velocity and flushing duration on sediment transport in microirrigation drip lines" 2013 American society of agricultural and biological engineers ISSN 2151-0032.
[7]
Utah university digital commons @ USU.
[8]
Khaled kheder, Afzal Ahmed and others "sediment transport investigation using three dimensional numerical modeling in a large canal, marala ravi link canal pakistan" 2014 ISSN 2229-5518 IJSER Volume 5 Issue 3.
[9]
JO AQUIN DE ARAOZ "study of water flow velocities in irrigation canals in iraq and their methematical analysis" Bull Org mond sant 1962, 27 (99-123).
[10]
Lateiro salvador de soura, Rapheal Muli Wam bua and others Febury 2019 www.mdpi.com/ journal/agriengineering.
[11]
FAO. Irrigation Canal Lining. Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 2. Rome, Italy: Foodand Agricultural Organization of the United Nations; 1977.
[12]
Iqbal A. Immediate Solution to Water Crisis Daily Dawn, 17th 03. 2003.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186