Estimation of the Expected Period of acquired Tuberculosis to Become a Chronic Tuberculosis
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2013, Pages: 42-47
Received: Apr. 10, 2013; Published: May 2, 2013
Views 3195      Downloads 160
Authors
O. M. Adetutu, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Natural and Applied Sciences
L. A. Nafiu, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
O. M. Adetutu, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
L. A. Nafiu, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, School of Natural and Applied Sciences
Article Tools
PDF
Follow on us
Abstract
In order to assess hazards pose by chronic tuberculosis, a table similar to a life table is prepared to estimate the expected period of the acquired tuberculosis to become chronic tuberculosis. This is ailment attributable to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Confidence bounds for the estimate were also derived. An example is given using a data set from University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin in Kwara State, Nigeria where some tuberculosis patients were monitored over some years. The available data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15, Chicago Inc., IL, and USA. The results show that for the potential patient(s), the expected period of developing the Tuberculosis is 6.796 years before the infection become chronic infection (Tuberculosis). Therefore, 95% confidence interval for the estimated period was found to be between 6.7763 and 6.8157. Hence, it is recommended that health policy maker should formulate policies that curb the pandemic of the disease.
Keywords
Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium, Parameter, Life Table
To cite this article
O. M. Adetutu, L. A. Nafiu, O. M. Adetutu, L. A. Nafiu, Estimation of the Expected Period of acquired Tuberculosis to Become a Chronic Tuberculosis, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2013, pp. 42-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20130203.11
References
[1]
C. Dye, S. Scheele, P. Dolin, V. Pathania and M. C. Ravig-lione,’’Global Burden of Tuberculosis: Estimated Incidence, Prevalence, and Mortality by Country, ‘’Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 282, no. 7, pp. 677-6 86, 1999. View at publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus
[2]
C. Dye, C. J. Watt, D. M .Bleed, S. M. Hosseini and M. C. Raviglione,’’ Evolution of Tuberculosis Control and Pros-pects for Reducing Tuberculosis Incidence, Prevalence, and Deaths Globally,’’ Journal of the American Medical Associa-tion, Vol.293, no.22,pp 2767 - 2775, 2005. View at Publisher. View at Publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus
[3]
C. Dye, "Global Epidemiology of Tuberculosis", The Lancet, vol. 376, no. 9514, pp. 938-940, 2006. View at Publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus
[4]
D. Vukovic, L. Nagorni-Obradovic, and V. Bjegovic, "Knowledge and misconceptions of tuberculosis in the gen-eral population in Serbia," European Journal of Clinical Mi-crobiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.27, no.9, pp. 761 – 767, 2008. View at Publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus
[5]
"Global Tuberculosis Control: Surveillance, Planning", World Health Organization Report WHO/HTM/TB/2008.393, World Health Organization, Geneva Switzerland, 2008.
[6]
I. Smith, "What are the Health, Social, and Economic Burden of Tuberculosis, "in Toman’s Tuberculosis Case Detection, Treatment, and Monitoring: Questions and Answers, T. Frieden Edition, pp. 233-237, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Second Edition, 2004, WHO/HTM/TB/2004.334.
[7]
L. V. Sacks and S. Pendle, "Factors related to in-Hospital deaths in patients with tuberculosis," Archives of Internal Medicine, Vol. 158, no. 17,pp. 1916-1922, 1998. View at Publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus
[8]
L. Thrupp, S. Bradley, P. Smith et al, "Tuberculosis Preven-tion and Control in Long-Term Care Facilities for Older Adults", Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1097-1108, 2004. View at publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus.
[9]
M. M. Singh, T. Bano, D. Pagare, N. Sharma, R. Devi, and M. Mehra, "Knowledge and attitude towards Tuberculosis in a Slum Community of Delhi," Journal of Communicable Diseases, vol. 34. no. 3, pp. 203-214, 2002.
[10]
M.U. Mushtaq, U. Shahid, H. M. Abdullah et al, "Urban-rural inequities in Knowledge, attitudes and Practices Re-garding Tuberculosis in two districts of Pakistan’s Punjab Province," International Journal of Equity in Health, vol. 10, article 8, 2011. view at publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scholar. View at Scopus.
[11]
National Population Commission and ICF Macro, Abuja, Nigeria,2009. http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/SR173/SR173.pdf.
[12]
Nigeria Tuberculosis Fact Sheet. United States Embassy in Nigeria, http://photos.state.gov/libraries/nigeria/487468//pdfs/JanuaryTuberculosisFactSheet.pdf.
[13]
N. Sharma, R. Malhotra, D. K. Taneja, R. Saha, and G.K. Ingle, "Awareness and Perception about Tuberculosis in the General Population of Delhi," Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 10-15, 2007. View at Publisher. View at Google Scholar. View at Scopus.
[14]
O. O. Desalu, A.O. Adeoti et al, "Awareness of the Warning Signs, Risk Factors and Treatment for Tuberculosis among Urban Nigerians," Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, vol.2013 (2013) article ID369717, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/369717.
[15]
R.A. Maruf, "Occupational Hazards," Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
[16]
Ramya Ananthakrishnan, M. Muniyandi, Anita Jeyaraj, Gopal Palani and B.W.C. Sathiyasekaran, "Expenditure Pat-tern for T.B. Treatment among Patients Registered in an Ur-ban Government DOTS program in Chennai City, South In-dia", Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, vol. 2012, Article ID 747924, doi: 10. 1155/2012/747924
[17]
R.M. Jasmar, J. J. Saukkonen, H. M. Blumberg et al, "Short-Course Rifampin and Pyrazinamide Compared with Isoniazid for Latent Tuberculosis Infection: A Multicenter Clinical Trial", Annals of International Medicine, vol. 137, no. 8, pp. 640-647, 2002. View at Scopus
[18]
T. A. Matthew, T. N. Ovsyanikova, S. S. Shin et al., "Causes of Deaths during Tuberculosis Treatment in Tomsk Oblast, Russia", International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 857-863, 2006.
[19]
T. K. Koay, "Knowledge and attitudes towards tuberculosis among the people living in Kudat district, Sabah," Medical Journal of Malaysia, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 502-511, 2004. View at Scopus
[20]
V. Kumar, A. K. Abbas, N. Fausto, and R. N. Mitchell, Rob-bins Basic Pathology, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, pa, USA, 8th edition, 2007.
[21]
World Health Organization, "Global Tuberculosis Control: Surveillance, Planning and Financing," Technical Report WHO/HTM/TB/2006.362, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006.
[22]
World Health Organization, Global Status Report on Non-communicable Diseases, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2010.
[23]
World Health Organisation Global Tuberculosis Programme, WHO Fact Sheet no. 104, 2010. http://www.who.int/ media-centre/factsheets/fs104/en/index.html.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186