Multivariate Analysis Approach on the Study of Quality of Life: A Case Study in Some Towns of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia
American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 587-601
Received: Oct. 28, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 9, 2015; Published: Dec. 8, 2015
Views 3300      Downloads 101
Genanew Timerga Neri, Department of Statistics, Debre Birhane University, Debre Birhane, Ethiopia
Nigatu Degu Terye, Department of Statistics, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
Haymanot Zeleke Tadesse, Department of Statistics, Debre Birhane University, Debre Birhane, Ethiopia
Woldesadik Kagnew Abebaw, Department of Marketing Managment, Debre Birhane University, Debre Birhane, Ethiopia
Tena Manaye Endalamaw, Department of Statistics, Debre Birhane University, Debre Birhane, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Quality of life (QOL) is gaining interest from a variety of disciplines and important tool for policy evaluation, rating of cities, urban planning and management. Cities are the center of economy, politics, commerce and other activities, so very necessary to analyze the conditions that contribute to the quality of urban life. This study identifies the factors that affect QOL of the people in the region. 809 household heads were selected based on stratified random sampling method. Different statistical methods have been used to analyze the primary data. Factor analysis is used to reduce the number of dimensions of both subjective and objective quality of life into few, which are unrelated to each other. Binary logistic regressions and ordinal logistic regressions are also applied to identify the most significant factors that can affect quality of life in the region. The principal component analysis revealed that 6 dimensions of QOL were extracted from 20 subjective attributes; namely; housing, economic, environmental, neighborhood safety and security, social connectedness and quality of public service. Binary logistic regression model shows all of the dimensions are significantly related to QOL. Factor analysis extract 6 factors using 15 objective attributes, namely; socio-economic, access to public service, access to education, housing, religion and length of residency are found to significant predictor of QOL in objective dimensions of the region. Religion and length of residence have positive impact and other have negative contribution to QOL. Results of this study can be used in designing future urban QOL studies in the region.
Subjective, Objective, Ordinal Regression, QOL, Factor Analysis
To cite this article
Genanew Timerga Neri, Nigatu Degu Terye, Haymanot Zeleke Tadesse, Woldesadik Kagnew Abebaw, Tena Manaye Endalamaw, Multivariate Analysis Approach on the Study of Quality of Life: A Case Study in Some Towns of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia, American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 587-601. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtas.20150406.31
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ali A. Al-subaihi, (2003).”Sample size determination influencing factors and calculation strategies for survey research” 24(4):323-330.
Aklilu K. and Dessalegne R. (2000). Listening to the Poor. AA: FSS. An assessment of quality of life in residential environments; case of selimiye quarter in Cyprus. Wikipedia, (, 4June 2007.
Andrews, F. M., &Withey, S. B. (1976). “Social indicators of well-being: American’s perception of life quality”. New York: Plenum Press.
Aweke A. (2010). “Statistical analysis of health related quality of life of HIV/patients on ART in Hawassa University Re feral Hospital; a comparative study to the general population”, MSc thesis.
Azahan A., (2009) “The Quality of Life in Malaysia’s Intermediate City:” Urban Dwellers Perspective; European Journal of Social Sciences.
Bradshaw, Y.W., and Fraser, E. (1989), “City size, economic development and quality of life in China:” New Empirical Evidence.
Carlos M., (2008). ‘‘Quality of Life in Urban Neighborhoods in Colombia”: The Cases of Bogotá and Medellín.
Chung, Cambell A., Converse P., and Rodgers W.( 2003), “The quality of American life”; perception, Evaluation and satisfaction. Russell sage foundation, New York.
Cochran, W.G., 1977. “Sampling Techniques; Third edition.” John Wiley and sons (ASIA) pte Ltd., Singapore.
Cummins, R. (2000). “Objective and subjective quality of life:” An interactive model. Social Indicators Research, 52, 5–72
Diener, E. and Suh, E. (1997). “Measuring quality of life: economic, social, and subjective indicators,” Social Indicators Research, 40, pp. 189-216.
Elsa Sereke, (2009).”Urban quality of life and its spatial distribution in Addis abeba; krikos sub city”. Msc thesis.
Genanew T. (2011) “Statistical Analysis of Saving Habits of Employees: A Case Study at Debre Birhan Town in North Shoa, Ethiopia” MSc. Thesis.
Gilhooly, M., Gilhooly, K. and Bowling, A. (2005), “Quality of life”: Meaning and measurement.
Habtamu W. (2004), “Quality of Life, Poverty and Inequality in Ethiopia”.
Hosmer and Lemshow, (1989). “Applied logistic regression”. John Wiley and sons. New York.
Luis D. & Isabel. Paula B., (2007).” Measuring Subjective Quality of Life: A Survey to Porto’s Residents” Applied Research in Quality of Life 2:51–64.
Luis J., Róger M. & Juan R.(2008)”Quality of Life in Urban Neighborhoods in Costa Rica” Research Network Working Papers; R-563.
McCullagh, P. (1980), “Regression Models for Ordinal Data,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series B (Methodological), 42, 109–142.
Natnael M. (2011) “Statistical Analysis of Urban Quality of Life -The Case of Hawassa City” MSc. Thesis.
Rashida H. (2009,)”Measuring Human Wellbeing in Pakistan: Objective Versus Subjective Indicators”, European Journal of Social Sciences.
Ricardo R. (2010),”Measuring subjective quality of life in Macao”; application of international well being index.
Sedigheh L. and Karim S.(2009),”An assessment of Urban Quality of Life by Using Analytic Hierarchy Process Approach”:A Comparative Study of Quality of Life in the North of Iran, ISSN 1549-3652.
Sedigheh L., Amin F., Husain H. and Ahmad P., (2011). “A Study of Urban Quality of Life in a Developing Country” Journal of Social Sciences 7 (2): 232.
Stanislav K., (1998). “The Methods of the Quality of Life Assessment” masters degree thesis.
Tauhidur R., (2005). ”Measuring the Quality of Life across Countries”; A Sensitivity.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186