Applied and Computational Mathematics
Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 313-320
Received: May 30, 2015;
Accepted: Jun. 29, 2015;
Published: Jul. 18, 2015
Views 6528 Downloads 413
Amenaghawon C. Osemwinyen, Department of Mathematics, FCT-College of Education, Zuba-Abuja, Nigeria
Aboubakary Diakhaby, Department of Mathematics, Gaston Berger University, Saint-Louis, Senegal
The study simulated the transmission dynamics of Ebola Zaire virus using two models: a modified SIR model with the understanding that the recovered can become infected again and the infected die at a certain rate and a quarantine model, which ascertained the effects of quarantining the infected. Furthermore, an appropriate system of Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE) was formulated for the transmission and the method of linearized stability approach was used to solve the equations. Stability analysis of both models indicated that, the Disease Free Equilibrium (DFE) states of the models were unstable if they exist. These equilibria states showed that the disease can easily be triggered off, so there is need to be constantly alert and effective preventive measures put in place against its spread. In addition, numerical experiments were carried out with the models' parameters assigned specific hypothetical values and graphs were plotted to investigate the effect of these parameters on the transmission of the disease. The results showed that, with the nature of Ebola Zaire virus, uncontrolled transmittable contacts between the infected and the susceptible can lead to a very serious outbreak with high mortality rate, since no immunity and drugs at moment. However, with effective quarantining structures put in place such situation can be better managed and outbreak controlled.
Amenaghawon C. Osemwinyen,
Mathematical Modelling of the Transmission Dynamics of Ebola Virus, Applied and Computational Mathematics.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2015, pp. 313-320.
Wikipedia, “Ebola virus”, http:// www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebola_virus, 2014.
Z. Yarus, “A mathematical look at the Ebola virus”, http://www.home2.fvcc.edu/~dhicketh/DiffEqns/Spring2012Projects/Zach%20Yarus%20-Final%20Project/Final%20Diffy%20Q%20project.pdf, 2012.
J. Legrand, R.F. Grais, P.Y. Boelle, A.J. Valleron and A. Flahault, “Understanding the dynamics of Ebola epidemics”, Epidemiology and Infection, 135th ed., vol. 4, pp. 610–621. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23007439, 2006.
World Health Organization (WHO), “Ebola virus disease”, http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/, 2014.
Wikipedia, “Ebola virus epidemics in West Africa”, http://www.en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebola_virus_epidemics_in_West_Africa, 2015.
C. Roy-Macaulay, “Ebola crisis triggers health emergency”, http://www.dddmag.com/news/2014/07/ebola-crisis-triggers-health-emergency, 2014.
T. Leslie. “Ebola: what is it and how does it spread?” ABC News, http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-07-30/ebola-virus-explainer/5635028, 2014.
Wikipedia, “List of Ebola outbreaks”, http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Ebola_outbreaks, 2014.
A. Nossiter, “Fear of Ebola breeds a terror of physicians”, http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/28/world/africa/ebola-epidemic-west-africa-guinea.html?r=0, 2014.
D. Logan, A First Course in Differential Equations, Springer Science & Business Media, New York, 2010.
J.M. Mahaffy, “Epidemic models”, http://www.rohan.sdsu.edu/~jmahaffy/courses/f09/math636/lectures/epidemics/epidemics.pdf, 2009.
F. Brauer, J. Wu and P.V.D. Driessche, Mathematical Epidemiology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2008.
C. Yongli, Y. Kangb, W. Wang, and M. Zhaoc. “A Stochastic differential equation SIRS epidemic model with ratio-dependent incidence rate”, http://www.public.asu.edu/_ykang3/_les/CKWZ Stochastic.pdf, 2013.
J. D. Murray, Mathematical Biology: 1. An Introduction, Springer Science & Business Media, New York, 2002.
S. G. Deo and V. Raghavendra, Ordinary Differencial Equations and Stability Theory, Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New York, 1980.