A Review of Two-Dimensional Materials in Electrocatalysis and Their Potential Applications
American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 9-22
Received: May 30, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 19, 2019; Published: Jun. 29, 2019
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Yau Jamilu Muhammad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Mikail Abdulkarim Alhaji, Department of Physics, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria
Mohammed Abdullahi Gele, Sokoto Energy Research Centre, Services Unit, Sokoto, Nigeria
Badamasi Haruna, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Sirajo Alhassan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Dauda Garba, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Ahmed Misbahu, National Centre for Petroleum Research and Development, Energy Commission of Nigeria, Bauchi, Nigeria
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Two-dimensional materials are crystalline materials consist of a single layer of atoms and sometimes referred to as single layer materials. Electrocatalytic energy conversion using renewable power sources is one of the most promising ways for energy storage and energy utilization in the new century. Over the past years, a great number of two-dimensional (2D) materials have been explored for various electrocatalytic reactions, such as the hydrogen evolution reaction, Carbon (IV) oxide (CO2) reduction reaction and Oxygen (O2) reduction reaction. This research provides an overview on the synthesis techniques of materials including bottom up approaches such as chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) and top-down approaches like mechanical exfoliation, chemical exfoliation. Then, the characterization techniques of the two-dimensional (2D) materials such as Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent resistivity and magnetic susceptibility and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) are reviewed. Finally, potential applications of two-dimensional (2D) materials and conclusion, challenges and future work are discussed.
Two-Dimensional Materials, Raman Spectroscopy, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD), Mechanical Exfoliation
To cite this article
Yau Jamilu Muhammad, Mikail Abdulkarim Alhaji, Mohammed Abdullahi Gele, Badamasi Haruna, Sirajo Alhassan, Dauda Garba, Ahmed Misbahu, A Review of Two-Dimensional Materials in Electrocatalysis and Their Potential Applications, American Journal of Materials Synthesis and Processing. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 9-22. doi: 10.11648/j.ajmsp.20190401.12
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