Sepsis due to Vibrio Alginolyticus Isolated from Catheter of Young Patient with Hypercholesterolemy: the First Case from Turkey
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2013, Pages: 37-39
Received: Apr. 9, 2013;
Published: May 30, 2013
Views 3305 Downloads 165
Lutfiye Oksuz, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Capa-Istanbul-Turkey
Nezahat Gurler, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Capa-Istanbul-Turkey
Vibrio alginolyticus occasionally causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised individuals. Bacteremia and necrotising fasciits caused by V.alginolyticus have been reported. We described a case of sepsis due to V. alginolyticus isolated from catheter of 19-year-old patient with hypercholesterolemy. Moreover the cases of invasive V.alginolyticus reported in the literature were reviewed. Blood cultures of the patient were evaluated by the BACTEC 9120 system. The identification of the bacteria was performed conventional methods and confirmed by the automatized ID32GN and VITEK 2 automation systems. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed according to recommendations of Clinical Laboratory and Standards Institute (CLSI). The patient recovered due to early diagnosis and appropriate therapy. No identifiable source of this infection could be determined. In conclusion, rapid and correct identification of the bacteria and early administration of appropriate antibiotics is essential for controlling invasive Vibrio infections, such as V.alginolyticus sepsis, especially in immunocompromised hosts. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of V.alginolyticus bacteremia in Turkey.
Sepsis due to Vibrio Alginolyticus Isolated from Catheter of Young Patient with Hypercholesterolemy: the First Case from Turkey, Clinical Medicine Research.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2013, pp. 37-39.
Neill MA, Carpenter CCJ. Other pathogenic vibrios. "Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R (eds): Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases" 7th edition, Vol 2, p.2787, Philadelphia, USA, 2010.
Winn W, Allen S, Janda W, Koneman E, Procop G, Schreckenberger P, Wood G (eds): "Koneman’s Color Atlas and Textbook of Diagnostic Microbiology, 6th edition". Curved Gram negative bacilli and oxidase positive fermenter: Campylobacteriaceae and Vibrionaceae. Chapter 8, s.393-428, Lippincott Williams&Wilkins, Baltimore, USA, 2006.
Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS (eds):" Bailey&Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology, 11th edition", Chapter 31. Vibrio, Aeromonas, Plesiomonas and Chromobacterium violaceum, p. 423-33, Mosby, USA, 2002.
Chien JY, Shih JT, Hsueh PR, Yang PC, Luh KT. V.alginolyticus as the cause of pleural emptema and bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2002, 21: 401-403.
Lee DY, Moon SY, Lee SO, Young HY, Lee HJ, Lee MS. Septic shock due to V.alginolyticus in a cirrhotic patient: The first case in Korea. Yonsei Med J 2008, 49 (2): 329-32.
Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Performance Standards for Antimicrobial Suscebtibility Testing. 17th Informational Supplement. M100-S17, Vol 27, No 1, Table 2I, p.133, Wayne, PA: Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, 2007.
Ruiz CC, Agraharkar M. Unusual marine pathogens causing cellulitis and bacteremia in hemodialysis patients: report of two cases and review of the literature. Hemodial Int. 2003:7(4):356-9
Robert R, Grollier G, Malin F, Doré P, Pourrat O. Isolation of Vibrio alginolyticus from blood cultures in a leukaemic patient after consumption of oysters. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1991;10(11):987-8.
Barbarossa V, Kucisec-Tepes N, Aldova E, Matek D, Stipoljev F. Ilizarov technique in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis caused by Vibrio alginolyticus. Croatian Medical Journal 2002, 43(3): 346-349
English VL, Lindberg RB. Isolation of Vibrio alginolyticus from wounds and blood of a burn patient. American Journal of Medical Technology 1977, 43(10): 989-993
Janda JM, Brenden R, Debenedetti JA, et al. Vibrio alginolyticus bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient. Diagnostic Microb Infect Dis 1986, 5(4): 337-340
Bonner JR, Coker AS, Berryman CR, Pollock HM. Spectrum of Vibrio Infections in a Gulf Coast Community. Ann Intern Med. 1983;99(4):464-469
Schmidt U, Chmel H, Cobbs C. Vibrio alginolyticus infections in humans. J Clin Microbiol 1979;10:666–8.
Waldor MK, Keusch GT. Cholera and other vibrioses. Kasper DL, Fauci AS (eds): Harrison’s Infectious Diseases. 17th edition, Chapter 57, p. 540, McGraw Hill Companies, Inc, USA, 2010.
Megraud F, Thijsen SFT. Curved and spiral bacilli. Cohen J, Powderly WG (eds): Infectious Diseases, 2nd edition, Chapter 230, p. 2227, Elsevier Ltd, UK, 2004.