Cytokeratin 8 Was Over-Expressed in Cells Harboring in Vitro-Transcribed Full Length Hepatitis C Virus 1b RNA, but Down-Expressed in HCV Patients’ Serum
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 3, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 80-86
Received: May 21, 2014; Accepted: Jun. 16, 2014; Published: Jun. 30, 2014
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Authors
Meng Xun, Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Medical School of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
Haifeng Wang, Department of Clinical Laboratories, Xi’an Central Hospital, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
Burong Li, Department of Clinical Laboratories, Second Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
Hongyan He, Department of Medical Technology, Xi’an Medical College, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
Qian He, Department of Clinical Laboratories, Second Affiliated Hospital of Medical School of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
Yonglie Chu, Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Medical School of Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shannxi, China
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Abstract
Objectives: Previous proteome analysis conducted by our group has demonstrated that cytokeratin 8 was overexpressed in HuH-7 cells harboring in vitro transcribed HCV 1b full length RNA (HuH-7-HCV). Present study was aim to verify the results of proteomics, and obtain the clinical data of CK8 expresson levels in HCV patients. Methods: The expression level of CK 8 in HuH-7-HCV cells was examined by Real time PCR and Western blotting. The concentration of CK8 in HCV patients’ serum was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: The results showed expression level of CK8 transcript in HuH-7-HCV cells was 2.3 fold higher than that in HuH-7 mock cells (P<0.01). The protein expression of CK8 in HuH-7-HCV cells was approximately 3 fold higher than that in HuH-7 mock cells (P<0.01). However, results of ELISA demonstrated the serum CK8 concentration was significantly reduced in chronic HCV patients compared to normal healthy controls (P<0.01). And there was a negative linear correlation between serum CK8 concentration and HCV RNA titer (r=-0.380, P<0.01). Conclusion: Our present study supports the hypothesis that in response to HCV infection, expression of CK8 was increased, which may contribute to the essential cytoprotection provided by CK8 in the liver. Altered CK8 expression pattern could be an important event in the pathogenesis of HCV infection. CK8 have potential use as surrogate markers of liver injury.
Keywords
Hepatitis C Virus, Cytokeratin 8, HuH-7-HCV, Serum, Expression Levels
To cite this article
Meng Xun, Haifeng Wang, Burong Li, Hongyan He, Qian He, Yonglie Chu, Cytokeratin 8 Was Over-Expressed in Cells Harboring in Vitro-Transcribed Full Length Hepatitis C Virus 1b RNA, but Down-Expressed in HCV Patients’ Serum, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2014, pp. 80-86. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20140303.16
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