Prevalence of Unplanned Pregnancy and Factor Among Pregnant Women, Ethiopia 2018 GC
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 39-46
Received: Oct. 19, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 12, 2019;
Published: Jun. 29, 2019
Views 463 Downloads 174
Asnakech Sisay, Department of Midwifery, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Birhan University, Debre Birhan City, Ethiopia
Nitsubirhan Asres, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Kotebe Metropolitan University, Addis Ababa City, Ethiopia
Sofonias Tesfaye, Department of Midwifery, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Debre Birhan University, Debre Birhan City, Ethiopia
Unplanned pregnancy is a public health concern in both developing and developed world. It is predispose women to maternal deaths and illness mainly through unsafe abortion and poor maternity care, and also it causes adverse social and health outcome for mother, children and family as whole. Unplanned pregnancy can have serious health, economic, psychological and social consequence for women, their children and families. The objectives of this study are to assess the prevalence and associated factors of unplanned pregnancy among pregnant mothers in Arerti town. Community based cross sectional study was done from March 18 – March 22, 2018 GC. Out of 334 pregnant women in Arerti town, data were collected from 327(97.9%) pregnant women. The prevalence of unplanned pregnancy was 97(29.9%). Use of family planning methods [AOR= 3.845(2.023-7.307)] and educational status of pregnant women [AOR=12.472(1.571-99.011)] were factors significantly associated with unplanned pregnancy. According to this study over one third of pregnant women had unplanned pregnancy. We Recommend that there is an apparent need to provide information and counseling about each contraceptive methods by health extension and other health service worker in order to make informed choice and correct method use and strengthening family planning methods among client in need of service and encourage women’s education.
Prevalence of Unplanned Pregnancy and Factor Among Pregnant Women, Ethiopia 2018 GC, Clinical Medicine Research.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 39-46.
Eggleston, Elizabeth, and Amy unintended pregnancy and low birth weight in x Ecuador America: American journal of public health, 2001 p. 808-810.
Susheela singh, Deirder wulf, Rubina Hussain, Akinrinola Bankable, Gilda sedgh. Abortion worldwide: A Decade of UN even progress (Report) 2009. Alan Guttmacher institute.
The global epidemic of unintended pregnancies, in European society of contraception and Reproductive Health international federation of gynecology and obstetrics. 2011. p. 53.
Sedgh, G. S. Singh, and Hussain, intended and unintended pregnancies worldwide in 2012 and Recent Trends. Population council, 2014.
WHO, Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2008. 2011. 6th: p. 67.
Amin F. Howden. Pemman NA Risk factors of unplanned pregnancies in group of Iranian and news land women, European Journal of scientific Research (2009) 26 (1): 108. 121.
WHO global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2007. 5th edition.
Guttmacher, facts on unintended pregnancy and abortion in Ethiopia maiden Lane, 2010: p. 2.
Worku. S and M. Fantahun, unintended pregnancy and induced abortion in a town with accessible family planning services: The case of Harar in eastern Ethiopia Ethio P. J. Health Dev, 2006. 20 (2).
Santelli J rochat R Hatfield-Timajchik Gillbert Bcurtis K, cabra. R. The measurement and meaning of unintended pregnancy. Int perspect sex Reprod Health. 2003; 35 (2) 2: 94-101.
Hamdela B, G/mariam G, Tilahun T, Unwanted Pregnancy and Associated Factors among Pregnant Married Women in Hosanna Town, Southern Ethiopia, 2012.
James Trussell, AnjanaLalla, Quan Doan, Eileen Reyes, Lionel Pinto, Joseph Gricar (2009). "Cost effectiveness of contraceptives in the United States". Contraception 79 (1): 5–14.
Finer, Lawrence B.; Kost, Kathryn (May 2011). "Unintended Pregnancy Rates at the State Level". Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health (May 2011), 43 (2).
Fortney, Maternal mortality in Indonesia and Egypt. International Journal of gynecology and obstetrics, 1998, 26 (1); 21-32.
sssEthiop J Health Sciv. 20 (2); Jul 2010 PMC3275838.
Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and ICF Macro: Kenya demographic and health survey, 2008–09. Calverton, Maryland: KNBS and ICF Macro; 2010. PubMed Abstract | Publisher Full Text .
Centre for the Study of Adolescence: Down the drain: counting the cost of teenage pregnancy and school drop Out in Kenya. CSA: Nairobi: The center for study of adolescence; 2008.
Central stastical Agency and ICF international 2012.
Gipson, Jessica D., Michael A. Koenig, and Michelle J. Hindin, “The effects of unintended pregnancy on infant, child, and parental Health: A review of the literature.” Studies in Family Planning 2008 39 (1): 18–38.
Cunning ham FG, Leveno KT, Bloom SL, Hauth JC. Williams Obstetrics. 23rd edition. Vol. New York, NY, USA: McGraw–Hill; 2009.
WHO media center http://www.who.int/mediacenter/factsheet/fs351/en/
WHO unsafe abortion global and regional estimate of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2008. Geneva WHO 2011.
Abortion incidence and access to services in the United States “journalists Resource org, retrieved 20 march 2012.
Stephanie Pappas, Live Science Senior Writer | April 24, 2012 06: 43pm ET 2013.
WHO unsafe abortion incidence and mortality global and regional levels in 2008 and trends during 1990-2008 information sheet. Geneva WHO 2012.
Central Statistic Authority (CSA), National family and fertility survey, A. A 2003
G/Selasia H, Abdel A, The estimated incidence of induced abortion in Ethiopia (March 2010) 36 (1).
zolan, M, and L, Lindberg, unintended pregnancy: Incidence and out comes among young adult unmarried women in the united states, Guttmacher Institute, 2012.
Singh, S, J, E and Darroch, Adding It Up: costs and Benefits of contraceptive services Estimates for 2012. Guttmacher Institute and United Nations population fund (UNFPA), 2012: p.
Gebreamlak, W. Magnitude and factors influencing unintended pregnant among pregnant women attending antenatal care at felege hiwot referral hospital, North West Ethiopia: Across-sectional study. Science Journal of public health, 2014. 2 (4).
Central Statistical Egency of Ethiopia summary and statistical report of the 2007 population and housing census (accessed January, o6, 2016) available at http://www.esao gov.et/pdf cen 2007 first draft. pdf.
Mulat S, Fekadu M, Abera H, Bekele G, Bedaso prevalence of unplanned pregnancy and Associated factors among mothers attending Antenatal care at Hawassa city public Hospitals, Hawassa, SNNPR, Ethiopia, 2017.
Ikamari L. izugbara, c, coochako R. prevalence and determinant of unintended pregnancy among women in Nairobi, Kenya BMC pregnancy child birth. 2013, 13 (69).
Gebreamlak, W. et magnitude and factors influencing unintended pregnancy among pregnant women attending ANC care at felege hiwot referral hospital North West Ethiopia across sectional study, science journal of public health 2014. 2 (4).
Adhikari, R, Soothomdhada k, prasortkul p. correlates of unintended pregnancy among currently pregnant women in Nepal, BMC international health human rights 2009: 9 (17).
Wado, YD. etal unintended pregnancy and the use of maternal health service in south west Ethiopia, BMC international health human right, 2013: 13 (36).
Faye CM, Speizer ls, Fotso SC, corron M, kooumtingue D. unintended pregnancy magnitude and correlates in six urban site in Senegal repord health, 2014: 11 (63).
Exavery A, kante AM, Njozi M, Tani K, Doctor HV, Hingora A, phillips JF predictor of mistimed and unwanted pregnancy among women of child bearing age in Rufiji, kilomber, and ulanga districts of Tanzania. BMC Repored health, 2014: 11 (63).
Kassa N, Berhane Y, Worku A, predictors of unintended pregnancy in Kersa, Eastern Ethiopia, 2010. Reproductive health journal, 2012; 9 (1=7yb).
Teshome FT, Hailu AG, Teklehaymanot AN. Prevalence of unintended pregnancy and associated factors among married pregnant women in Ganji woreda, west Wollegga oromia region, Ethiopia. sc J public Health. 2014; 2 (2); 92-10.
Eggleston, E, Determinates of unintended pregnancy among women in Ecuoador, family Health international 199. 25 (1); p. 27-33.
Canadian pharmacists associations; emergency contraceptive Question and Answers, 2000.