Assessment of Sero-prevalence of HIV and Associated Factors Among Debre Berhan University Students, Ethiopia
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 47-52
Received: Aug. 10, 2018;
Accepted: Sep. 26, 2018;
Published: Jul. 11, 2019
Views 446 Downloads 51
Yohannes Girma Zewdie, Surgery Department, College of Medicine, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Alemnesh Tesema Tilahun, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medicine, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Biniam Assefa Alamirew, Surgery Department, College of Medicine, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
Introduction: Young adults including university students are at high risk of acquiring HIV due to their risky sexual practices and the recent emergence of rising HIV epidemic in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess Sero-prevalence of HIV and associated factors among students of Debre Berhan University. Method: Institution based Cross sectional study design was employed. Sample size was determined using Epi Info version 3.4 which is 580. A combination of stratified and simple random sampling technique was carried out to allocate the sample. Data was collected by self-administered questionnaire and blood sample for HIV screening was taken. Data entry and analysis was done using SPSS version 16. 95% C.I was used to determine the associated factors of risky sexual behavior and P-value less than 0.05 was considered to be significant. Result: The HIV Sero-prevalence among the students was 0.36%. Among 557 participants, 140 (25.13%) reported having at least one risky sexual behavior in their lifetime. Participants, 140 (25.13%) reported having at least one risky sexual behavior in their lifetime. Cigarette smoking and pornography exposure shows significant association with risky sexual behavior. Therefore, this study suggested that HIV Sero-prevalence and risky sexual behavior among the students is relatively high and needs urgent interventions.
Yohannes Girma Zewdie,
Alemnesh Tesema Tilahun,
Biniam Assefa Alamirew,
Assessment of Sero-prevalence of HIV and Associated Factors Among Debre Berhan University Students, Ethiopia, Clinical Medicine Research.
Vol. 8, No. 2,
2019, pp. 47-52.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Teka T (1993). College Students’ Attitude and knowledge of AIDS. Ethiop. Med. J. 314: 233-237.
Salameh P (2009) Knowledge and practice of university students in Lebanon regarding contraception, eastern Mediterranean health journal, Vol. 15, No. 2,
Nigatu & Seman (2011). Attitudes and practices on HIV preventions among students of higher education institutions in Ethiopia: The case of Addis Ababa University. International Research JournalsVol. 2 (2) pp. 828-840.
Tefera B, Challi J, and Yoseph M (2004). KAP about HIV/AIDS, VCT Among students of Jimma University, Jimma Zone, SW, Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Health Sci. Vol. 14, Specal issue.
Getinet T (2009). Self-reported sexual experiences, sexual conduct and safer sex practices of AAU undergraduate male and female student’s on the context of HIV/AIDS pandemics, A PhD dissertation the State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.
Agency CS. Ethiopia demographic health survey. Addis Abeba; 2017.
Derese A, Seme A, Misganaw C. Assessment of substance use and risky sexual behaviour among Haramaya University Students, Ethiopia. Sci J Public Heal. 2014; 2 (2): 102–10.
Mengistu TS, Melku AT, Bedada ND, Eticha BT. Risks for STIs / HIV infection among Madawalabu University students, Southeast Ethiopia : a cross sectional study. Reproductive Health Journal. 2013; 10 (1): 1–7.
Alemu H. Assessment of factors contributing to voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) utilization among youth in Dire Dawa Administrative Council By Acknowledgments. Addis Abeba; 2008. Health. 2011; 8 (2): 141–54.
Soboka B, Kejela G. Assessment of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Arba Minch University Students, Arba Minch Behavior Assessment of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Arba Minch University Students,. J Child Adolesc. 2015; 3 (2).
Substance Use, Sexual Orientation and Risky Sexual Behaviors for HIV infection Among Bahir Dar University Students. North-West Ethiopia [Masters thesis]. Jimma University; 2010.
T G. Predictors of HIV Risk Preventing Behaviors among Wolaita Soddo University Students. Sodo, South Ethiopia [Masters thesis]. Jimma University; 2010.
Tefera B, Challi J YM. Knowledge, attitude and practice about HIV/ AIDs, voluntary counseling and testing among students of Jimma University, Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Ethiop J Heal Sci. 2004; 14: 43–53.
Mavhandu-mudzusi AH, Asgedom T. The prevalence of risky sexual behaviours amongst undergraduate students in Jigjiga University, Ethiopia. Heal SA Gesondheid. 2016; 21: 179–86.
Regassa N, Kedir S. Attitudes and practices on HIV preventions among students of higher education institutions in Ethiopia: the case of Addis Ababa University. East Afr J Public Health. 2011; 8 (2): 141–54.
A. Kharsany (2012) HIV prevalence among high school learners - opportunities for schools-based HIV testing programs and sexual reproductive health services BMC Public HealthVol-12; 1: 231.
Sahile Z, Mekuria M, Yared A. Comprehensive HIV / AIDS Knowledge and Sexual Behavior among University Students in Ambo, Central Ethiopia : Implication to Improve Intervention. J Sex Transm Dis. 2015; Volume 201: 1–6.
Castora M. An Assessment of University Students ’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors toward Sex. Undergrad Res J. 2005; 1: 28–37.
Norbu K, Mukhia S, Tshokey. Assessment of knowledge on sexually transmitted infections and sexual risk behaviour in two rural districts of Bhutan. BMC Public Health. 2013; 13: 2–7.
Shewangizaw Z, Girma M, Endazenaw G. Assessment of HIV Sero-Prevalence among St. Marry University Students, Ethiopia. Sci J Public Heal. 2015; 3 (4): 468–77.
Alamrew Z, Bedimo M, Azage M. Risky Sexual Practices and Associated Factors for HIV / AIDS Infection among Private College Students in Bahir Dar City, Northwest Ethiopia. ISRN PublicHealth. 2013; Volume 201.