Study on the Relationship Between Anxiety, Depression and Social Support of Caregivers of Mentally Retarded Children
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 1-5
Received: Jan. 2, 2020; Accepted: Jan. 18, 2020; Published: Jan. 31, 2020
Views 464      Downloads 159
Authors
Peng Qian, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Li Wenxia, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Ma Jun, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Wang Lijun, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Liu Weiwei, School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Investigate the relationship between anxiety, depression and social support of caregivers of mentally retarded children, and provide further reference for their positive development. The Social Support Rating Scale and General Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were conducted among 111 caregivers of mentally retarded children in three special education institutions in a district of Chongqing by cluster sampling. SPSS22.0. was used to statistical analysis. The incidences of anxiety and depression in caregivers of mentally retarded children were 52.3% and 53.2% respectively. Caregivers of mentally retarded children in non-anxiety group and non-depression group scored significantly higher in subjective support, objective support, and total social support than those in obvious anxiety group and obvious depression group. Social support (γ=-0.392, γ=-0.390) and subjective support (γ=-0.335, γ=-0.325), objective support (γ=-0.306, γ=-0.321) and support utilization (γ=-0.235, γ=-0.224) for caregivers of mentally retarded children were negatively correlated with anxiety and depression. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that subjective support and objective support had negative effects on anxiety and depression. The anxiety, depression and social support of parents of mentally retarded children will interact each other. And providing diversified and service-oriented social support is conducive to alleviate their anxiety and depression, then promote their positive development.
Keywords
Mentally Retarded Children (MRC), Caregivers, Social Support, Anxiety, Depression
To cite this article
Peng Qian, Li Wenxia, Ma Jun, Wang Lijun, Liu Weiwei, Study on the Relationship Between Anxiety, Depression and Social Support of Caregivers of Mentally Retarded Children, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20200901.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
AAIDD. "Definition of intellectual disability” [EB/OL]. http://www.aaidd.org/content100.cfmnavID=21, March 2011.
[2]
National collaboration group, Zu QH, Lei FW, Zhang ZX, et al. "National epidemiological survey of mental retardation among children aged 0-14 years old-prevalence of mental retardation”[J]. Chinese Journal of Reproductive Health, 1991 (3): 105-110.
[3]
National Bureau of statistics and leading group of the second national sampling survey of disabled persons: Bulletin of main data of the second national sampling survey of disabled persons in 2006 (No. 2) [EB/OL]. http://www.cdpf.org.cn/sjzx/cjrgk/200711/t20071121_387540.shtml, 2007-05-28.
[4]
China Disabled Persons' Federation. 2018 statistical bulletin of disabled persons' career development [disabled persons' Federation (2019) No. 18] [EB/OL]. http://www.cdpf.org.cn/zcwj/zxwj/201903/t20190327_.shtml, 2019-03-27.
[5]
Liao Y. "Research on the scope of state, society and citizen's responsibility for the protection of the rights and interests of the disabled” [J]. Journal of Jianghan University (Social Science Edition), 2013, 30 (5): 50-56.
[6]
Li XH, Zhang FQ. "Rights Protection for Persons with Intellectual Disability and Mental Disorder: A Family Perspective” [J]. Journal of Southwest University of Political Science and Law, 2018, 20 (5): 58-65.
[7]
Peng H, Zhou HY, Cheng SY, et al. "A survey of parents' psychological stress of preschool disabled children in Beijing” [J]. Chinese Journal of Special Education, 2010 (5): 12-17.
[8]
Chan, K. K. S. &Lam, C. B. "Self-stigma among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder”[J]. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2018, 48, 44-52.
[9]
Tang, L. & Bie, B. "The stigma of autism in china: an analysis of newspaper portrayals of autism between 2003 and 2012”[J]. Health Communication, 2016, 31 (4), 445-452.
[10]
Gong YX. "A survey of the relationship between social support and health”[J]. Journal of Developments in Psychology, 1994, 2 (2): 34-39.
[11]
Li XH. "The influence of autistic children on family and family coping strategies: an understanding framework based on literature review”[J]. Social Work and Management, 2018, 18 (4): 34-39.
[12]
Lin, L. Y. "Coping strategies, care giving burden, and depressive symptoms of Taiwanese mothers of adolescents with autism spectrum disorder”[J]. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2015, 15, 1-9.
[13]
Pederson, S. Revenson, T. "Parental illness, family functioning, and adolescent well-being: A family ecology framework to guide research”[J]. Journal of Family Psychology, 2005, 19 (3): 404-409.
[14]
ZIGMOND A S, SNAITH R P. "The hospital anxiety and depression scale”[J]. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 1983, 67 (6): 361-370.
[15]
Wang XD, Wang XL, Ma H. "Handbook of mental health assessment scale” [J]. Chinese Mental Health Journal, 1999 (Supplement): 31-35.
[16]
Bai JX, Sun L, Guan SS, et al. "Study on the relationship between anxiety, depression and coping style of parents of mentally retarded children” [J]. Nursing research, 2015, 29 (31): 3899-3901.
[17]
Wu M. "The Relationship of Parents' Social Support and Anxiety from Autism Children” [J]. Journal of Gannan Normal University, 2010, 31 (2): 100-102.
[18]
Tian BQ, Zeng SL, Lu XL, Shen RH. "Positive Contribution of Families Having Preschool Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Its Relationship with Social Support” [J]. XUEQIAN JIAOYU YANJIU, 2018, 2: 35-51.
[19]
Li JY. "Corelationship research on the quality of life and social support among parents of children with intellectual and development disabilitiest” [D]. Wuhan: Central China Normal University, 2015.
[20]
Thoits PA. "Dimensions of life events that influence psychological distress: an evaluation and synthesis of the literature”. In: Kaplan H. et (eds): Psychological Stress lasted. New York, Academic Press, 1983: 33-103.
[21]
Li FF. "Relationship research on Care burnout, Caregiver burden and Social support among Family Caregivers of Special Children” [D]. Chongqing: Southwest University, 2016.
[22]
Hao WW. "Construction of social support network for the mentally disabled children female family caregivers—Base on the practical study of social support theory” [D]. Guangzhou: South China University of Technology, 2016.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186