Assessing Quality of Life Related to Oral Health and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients - A Pilot Study Using GOHAI Test
Clinical Medicine Research
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 6-10
Received: Jan. 12, 2020; Accepted: Feb. 3, 2020; Published: Feb. 13, 2020
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Authors
Andreea Wagner, Department of Total Prosthesis, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Elena Preoteasa, Department of Total Prosthesis, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
Cristina Teodora Preoteasa, Department of Ergonomy, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
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Abstract
Quality of life is an important outcome to accomplish, representing the final goal for the management of all general diseases. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic general disease with a high prevalence all over the world, mainly in adults and elderly. Patients with diabetes type 2 seem to have a worst quality of life in comparison to healthy ones. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health-related quality of diabetic type 2 patients in relation to general health status, medication and demographic factors. Methods: One hundred and thirty-five patients, 68 type 2 DM and 67 nondiabetic were interviewed. Health-related quality of life was evaluated using the GOHAI questionnaire and related to general health, clinical and sociodemographic variables. Statistical analyses were determined using SPSS 18, t-test, ANOVA test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient for quantitative variables and chi-test for qualitative variables. P value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among the studied population, the mean age was 66 for diabetic patients and 69 for the nondiabetic ones. Females, from rural environment, obese, with more than 7% HbA1C levels reported worse quality of life. Smoking din not influenced significantly the results. Type 2 diabetic patients, with insulin therapy, with more than 10 years duration of disease, with other comorbidity present had lower results in all the three quality of life domains. Conclusion: We found that the quality of life in diabetic type 2 patients was lower in all the domains (psychological, physical, pain) in comparison with nondiabetic persons, but with little difference between study groups.
Keywords
Diabetes Mellitus, Health-related Quality of Life, GOHAI, General Health Status
To cite this article
Andreea Wagner, Elena Preoteasa, Cristina Teodora Preoteasa, Assessing Quality of Life Related to Oral Health and Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients - A Pilot Study Using GOHAI Test, Clinical Medicine Research. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 6-10. doi: 10.11648/j.cmr.20200901.12
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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