Oral Contraception and Breast Diseases
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2012, Pages: 1-4
Received: Dec. 26, 2012; Published: Dec. 30, 2012
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Authors
A. Carbonaro, Dept of Obst and Gyn University of Catania, Italy
L. Ciotta, Via Torre del Vescovo 2, Catania, Italy
M. Stracquadanio, American University of Beirut- Lebanon
C. Formuso, Dept of Obst and Gyn University of Catania, Italy
M. R. Giunta, Via Torre del Vescovo 2, Catania, Italy
A. D. Agati, American University of Beirut- Lebanon
V. Leanza, Dept of Obst and Gyn University of Catania, Italy
T. T. Giannone, Via Torre del Vescovo 2, Catania, Italy
Mayada Chammas, American University of Beirut- Lebanon
Fawzi Chammas, Dept of Obst and Gyn University of Catania, Italy
C. Pafumi, Via Torre del Vescovo 2, Catania, Italy
G. Zarbo, American University of Beirut- Lebanon
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Abstract
Objective: Benign breast disease includes a wide spectrum of lesions different for histology and natural history, whose association with oral contraceptives is of great interest because there are no univocal results in literature. Subjects and Methods: The purpose of our study is to assess the relationship between women who used long- term estro-progestin (for at least 12 consecutive months up to a maximum of 60 months) and the develop of benign breast disease comparing with a case- control group composed by patients with benign breast disease, non-users of oral contraceptives. The study included 263 women attending, from 2009 to 2012, the Gynecological Endocrinology and Ultrasounds outpatients of our Department, who used oestroprogestative pills for Contraception, treatment of acne, hirsutism and treatment of dysmenorrheal and a control group of 200 patients with benign breast disease, non-users of Oral Contraceptives.Results: According to recent trials we did not observe statistically significant morphological and anatomical alterations of the breast in the group treated with estrogen-progestin therapy in comparison with the control group. Conclusion: If the woman presents a nodular breast mass during estro-progestin therapy she should be evaluated ultrasonographically to assess if the formation grows. If there is an increase in volume of the mass the patient should suspend the therapy.
Keywords
Oral Contraception, Benign Breast Disease, Breast Cancer, Ultrasound Examination
To cite this article
A. Carbonaro, L. Ciotta, M. Stracquadanio, C. Formuso, M. R. Giunta, A. D. Agati, V. Leanza, T. T. Giannone, Mayada Chammas, Fawzi Chammas, C. Pafumi, G. Zarbo, Oral Contraception and Breast Diseases, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20120101.11
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