A Pictogram-Based Intervention to Reduce Parental Liquid Medication Errors: Health Literacy Approach
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 2, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages: 27-32
Received: May 31, 2013; Published: Jul. 10, 2013
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Hanan Mohamed Mohamed Tork, Dept of Paediatric Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University, Egypt
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Evidence suggests that parents and caregivers make frequent errors when administering liquid medications to children. These errors, which include inaccurate dosing as well as non-adherence to medication regimens, place children at risk for morbidity and mortality. The study aim to explore the effectiveness of pictogram based intervention in reducing caregivers’ liquid medication errors as well as the extent to which health literacy impacts medication errors. Quasi-experimental study of caregivers (n=250) of young children (<6 years) enrolled at primary pediatric clinic in Zagazig University hospital. A total of 250 caregivers (121 standard medication counseling and 129 pictogram based intervention) were assessed for health literacy by means of the Newest Vital Sign measure; 84.4%% had low health literacy (Newest Vital Sign score 0-3). Pictogram based intervention recipients were less likely to make errors in knowledge related to medication storage (26.6% vs. 63.3%) dose frequency (20.2% vs. 25%), and preparation compared with caregivers of standard medication counseling recipients (12.8% vs. 31.7%). Pictogram was an efficient way to reduce the prevalence of caregivers' liquid medication errors.
Pictogram, Intervention, Medication Errors, Pediatric Caregiver, Parents, Health Literacy
To cite this article
Hanan Mohamed Mohamed Tork, A Pictogram-Based Intervention to Reduce Parental Liquid Medication Errors: Health Literacy Approach, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2013, pp. 27-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20130203.12
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