Factors Influencing the Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding among Mothers in Tertiary Health Facility in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 16-21
Received: Jan. 10, 2015; Accepted: Jan. 22, 2015; Published: Feb. 3, 2015
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Authors
Ojong Idang Neji, Department of Nursing Science, University of Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria
Chiotu Catherine Nkemdilim, Nursing Services Department, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria
Nlumanze Faith Ferdinand, School of Nursing, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
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Abstract
The study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing the practice of exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria. A non-experimental descriptive survey research design was used with a purposive sampling technique. The sample size was 300 nursing mothers. The instrument for data collection was a self developed questionnaire, and chi-square test analysis was used to test the relationship between variables. Majority of the respondents were aged 25 – 34. 138 (46%), attended secondary school 91(30.3%), married 192(64%). Result of the hypothesis testing on influence of educational level on practice of exclusive breast feeding, showed a non significant relationship with cal x2 = 6.61, crit x2 7.815, df 3, P < 0.05. Further results showed a statistical significant relationship between occupation and practice of exclusive breast feeding with cal x2 = 9.52, crit x2 = 5.991, df 2, P < 0.05 marital status and practice of exclusive breastfeeding with cal x2 = 23.9, crit x2 = 9.815, df 3, P < 0.05. The study suggests the need for clinical nurses to create awareness on the need for exclusive breastfeeding and the need for provision of crèches in ministries and parastatals for nursing mothers.
Keywords
Factors, Exclusive Breastfeeding, Mothers
To cite this article
Ojong Idang Neji, Chiotu Catherine Nkemdilim, Nlumanze Faith Ferdinand, Factors Influencing the Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding among Mothers in Tertiary Health Facility in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2015, pp. 16-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20150401.13
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