Implementation of the Nursing Process in Naivasha District Hospital, Kenya
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2016, Pages: 152-157
Received: Jul. 6, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 15, 2016; Published: Aug. 3, 2016
Views 4094      Downloads 190
Mangare N. L., Department of Nursing, Kisii University, Kisii, Kenya; School of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Omondi A. L., School of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Ayieko O. A., School of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Wakasiaka S., School of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Wagoro M. C. A., School of Nursing, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
The Nursing Process (NP) is a systematic rational method of planning and providing individualized quality Nursing Care (QNC). Training curricula for nurses and midwives in Kenya have incorporated the NP as a framework for nursing care. In addition, many institutions in Kenya have initiated continuous education to nurses on the nursing process. However, there are no studies indicating the level of utilization of this framework in Kenyan health institutions. This study was aimed at establishing the implementation of the NP in Naivasha District Hospital. This was a cross sectional study conducted on 83 nurses and midwives selected using quota sampling. A structured questionnaire and an observation checklist was used to collect data then analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data and Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was used to establish correlation between variables. The nursing process has been initiated in Naivasha District Hospital but nurses use it in an incomplete and unsystematic manner. Nurses in this hospital have a positive attitude towards the NP but have difficulties performing all the phases of the NP.
Nursing Process, Quality Nursing Care, Implementation
To cite this article
Mangare N. L., Omondi A. L., Ayieko O. A., Wakasiaka S., Wagoro M. C. A., Implementation of the Nursing Process in Naivasha District Hospital, Kenya, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 152-157. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20160504.15
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Basavanthappa B. T. (2007). Nursing Theories. First edition. New Delhi, India: Jaypee.
Alfaro-LeFevre, R. (2010). Applying nursing process: A tool for critical thinking (7th Ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Urquhart C., Currell R., Grant M. J., et al. (2009). Nursing record systems: effects on nursing practice and healthcare outcomes. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1, CD002099. Available from: /pubmed/19160206. Retrieved on 15th January, 2012.
Lee J. L., Chang B. L., Pearson M. L., et al. (1999). Does what nurses do affect clinical outcomes for hospitalized patients? A review of the literature. Health Services Research, 34 (5), 1011-1032.
Andrade J. S., Vieira M. J. (2005). Nursing care in practice: Problems, perspectives, and need for systematization. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 58 (3), 261-265.
Granero-Molina J., Fernández-Sola C., Aguilera-Manrique G. et al. (2010). Analysis of conditions for introducing nursing procedures in Santa Cruz (Bolivia). Enfermería Clínica, 20 (5), 280-285.
Lima A. F. & Kurcgant P. (2006a). The nursing diagnosis implementation process at the university hospital of the University of São Paulo. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P, 40 (1), 111-116.
Lee T. T. (2005). Nursing diagnoses: Factors affecting their use in charting standardized care plans. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 14, 640-647.
Gatere, G. (1993). A study on use of nursing care plans. Kenya Journal of Nursing, 1, 15-19.
Alvez A. R., Lopes C. H., Jorge M. (2008). The meaning of the nursing process for nursing of intensive therapy units: An interactionist approach. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P, 42 (4), 649-655.
Ajzen I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.
Ojwang, B. O., Ogutu, E. A., & Matu, P. M. (2010). Nurses’ impoliteness as an impediment to patients’ rights in selected Kenyan hospitals. International Journal of Health and Human Rights, 12 (2).
Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (2011). Silenced minds: The systematic neglect of the mental health system in Kenya. Available from: Retrieved on April, 2012.
National Human Resources for Health (HRH) annual Report. (2010). Available from: Retrieved on 25+ September 2012.
Ministry of Health (MoH) (2010). Kenya’s Health sector satisfaction survey report, Nairobi, Kenya.
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), (2009). Determining Sample size. Available from: Retrieved on 18th January, 2012.
Rakuom C. (2010). Nursing human resources in Kenya. International Centre for Human Resources in Nursing 3, 28-29.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186