Relationship Between Nursing Students’ Emotional Intelligence and Their Clinical Performance During Obstetrics and Gynaecologic Nursing Practical Training
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2016, Pages: 240-250
Received: Sep. 20, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 7, 2016; Published: Nov. 7, 2016
Views 4832      Downloads 233
Authors
Heba Abdel-Fatah Ibrahim, Obstetrics and Woman Health Nursing, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
Wafaa Taha Ibrahim Elgzar, Obstetrics and Gynaecologic Nursing, Damanhour University, El-Behira, Egypt
Rehab Elsayed Mohamed, Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
Gihan Mohamed Mohamed Salem, Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Nursing and midwifery are stressful professions due to the requirements of patients’ care. They require a high degree of self-regulation and emotional intelligence (EI). The aim of this study was to identify the relationship between nursing students' EI and their clinical performance during obstetrics and gynecologic nursing practical training. A descriptive correlational research design was utilized. The study was conducted at the faculty of nursing, Benha University. A convenience sample of all third year female students (N=98) who were registered at reproductive health nursing course at the time of study was included. Two tools were used for data collection; first tool is a structured interview schedule to collect data about the subjects' demographic characteristics and the Schutte Self Report Emotional Intelligence Test. Second tool for clinical performance evaluation it composed of performance checklist for different obstetrics and gynecologic nursing procedures and evaluation of supportive clinical performance skills. There was a positive correlation (p<0.05) between students' EI and their total clinical performance skills. On the other hand, there was no statistically significant relation (p>0.05) between students EI and their demographic characteristics. It can be concluded that there was a significant positive correlation between students' EI and their clinical performance skills. The topic of EI should be included as a basic component of nursing curriculum in order to develop students’ EI abilities. Furthermore, Training courses and seminars about EI should be conducted for the nursing educators in order to develop and improve their own and students’ EI skills.
Keywords
Clinical Performance, Emotional Intelligence, Nursing Students
To cite this article
Heba Abdel-Fatah Ibrahim, Wafaa Taha Ibrahim Elgzar, Rehab Elsayed Mohamed, Gihan Mohamed Mohamed Salem, Relationship Between Nursing Students’ Emotional Intelligence and Their Clinical Performance During Obstetrics and Gynaecologic Nursing Practical Training, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 240-250. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20160506.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Hasnain, M., Connell, K. J., Menon, U., and Tranmer, P. A. Patient-centered care for Muslim women: Provider and patient perspectives, Journal of Women's Health, 2011; 20(1): 73–83.
[2]
Nasir, L. S and Abdul-Haq, A. K. Caring for Arab Patients A Biopsychosocial Approach. Sultan qaboos university medical journal, 2008; 8(2): 233-234. Available at http://www.radcliffeoxford.com/books/bookdetail.aspx?ISBN=1846191823
[3]
Zaki, J., and Ochsner, K. N. The neuroscience of empathy: progress, pitfalls and promise, nature neuroscience journal, 2012; 15(5): 675–680.
[4]
Ezzatabadi, M. R., Bahrami, M. A., Hadizadeh, F., Arab, M., Nasiri, S., Amiresmaili, M., and Tehrani, G. A. Nurses' emotional intelligence impact on the quality of hospital services, Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2012; 14(12): 758-763. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3587863/
[5]
Victoroff, K. Z., and Boyatzis, R. E. What is the relationship between emotional intelligence and dental student clinical performance? Journal of dental education, 2013; 77(4): 416-426.
[6]
Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., and Caruso, D. The positive psychology of emotional intelligence, In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology, Oxford University Press, 2002: 159-171.
[7]
Roe, K. Leadership, 'Practice and Perspectives', Oxford University Press, Oxford. 2014.
[8]
Gorgens- Ekermans, G., and Brand, T. Emotional intelligence as a moderator in the stress–burnout relationship: a questionnaire study on nurses, Journal of clinical nursing; 2012; 21(15): 2275–2285.
[9]
Bulmer- Smith, K., Profetto-McGrath, J., and Cummings, G. G. Emotional intelligence and nursing: An integrative literature review, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 2009; 46 (12): 1624–1636.
[10]
Joseph, D. L., and Newman, D. A. Emotional intelligence: an integrative meta-analysis and cascading model, Journal of Applied Psychology, 2010; 95(1): 54-78.
[11]
Akerjordet, K., and Severinsson, E. Emotional intelligence: Part 1: the development of scales and psychometric testing,. Nursing and Health Sciences, 2009; 11(1): 58-63.
[12]
Goleman, D. Emotional Intelligence, New York, NY, England: Bantam Books, Inc.1995.
[13]
Maye,r J., Salovey, P., and Caruso, D. Measuring emotional intelligence with the MSCIT, Emotion. 2003; 3(1): 97-105.
[14]
Bar-On R. The Bar On model of emotional-social intelligence. Psicothema, 2006; 18: 13-25.
[15]
Schutte, N. S., Malouff, J. M., Hall, L. E., Haggerty, D. J., Cooper, J. T., Golden, C. J., and Dornheim, L. Development and validation of a measure of emotional Intelligence, Personality and Individual Differences. 1998; 25(2):167-177.
[16]
Gignac, G. E., Palmer, B. R., Manocha, R., and Stough, C. An examination of the factor structure of the schutte self-report emotional intelligence (SSREI) scale via confirmatory factor analysis, Personality and Individual Differences, 2005; 39(6): 1029-1042.
[17]
Jordan, P. J., and Troth, A. C. Managing emotions during team problem-solving: emotional intelligence and conflict resolution, Human Performance, 2004; 17(2): 195-218.
[18]
Begley, A. M. Facilitating the development of moral insight in practice: teaching ethics and teaching virtue, Nursing Philosophy, 2006; 7(4): 257-265.
[19]
Hunter, B. The emotional context of midwifery: In: Fraser D, Cooper M. (Eds.), Myles textbook for midwives, Churchill and Livingstone: London. 2009
[20]
Patterson, D., and Begley, A. M. An exploration of the importance of emotional intelligence in midwifery, Evidence Based Midwifery, 2011; 9(3): 128134. Available at https://www.rcm.org.uk/learning-and-career/learning-and-research/ebm-articles/an-exploration-of-the-importance-of-emotional
[21]
Singapore Nursing Board. Standards for Clinical Nursing Education, May 2012 available at http://www.healthprofessionals.gov.sg/content/dam/hprof/snb/docs/publications/SNB-Standards%20for%20Clinical%20Nursing%20Education%202012.pdf
[22]
Pazargadi, M., Ashktorab, T and Khosravi, S. Nursing Students’ Experiences on the Evaluating Role of Their Clinical Educators: a Qualitative Study, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46, 2012: 5849–5857.
[23]
Khosravi, S, Pazargadi, M and Ashktorab, T. Nursing Students’ viewpoints on challenges of student assessment in clinical Settings: A Qualitative Study. Iran J Educ Med. 2010;11(7): 736–48.
[24]
Deery, R. An action-research study exploring midwives’ support needs and the affect of group clinical supervision, Midwifery, 2005; 21(2): 161-165.
[25]
Por, J., Barriball, L., Fitzpatrick, J., and Roberts, J. Emotional intelligence: Its relationship to stress, coping, well-being and professional performance in nursing students. Nurse Education Today 2011; 31(8): 855-860.
[26]
Barkhordari, M., and Rostambeygi, P. Emotional intelligence in nursing students Journal of advances in Medical education & professionalism. 2013; 1(2): 46-50.
[27]
Rice, E. Predictors of Successful Clinical Performance in Associate Degree Nursing Students, Nurse Education, 2015; 40(4):207-211.
[28]
Codier, E., and Odell, E. Measured emotional intelligence ability and grade point average in nursing students, Nurse Education Today, 2014; 34(4): 608-612.
[29]
Mahmoud, H. M., Abd El-Dayem, S. M., and Mousa M. A. Emotional Intelligence among Baccalaureate Students at the Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University, Egypt: A Cross-sectional Study, Journal of Education and Practice. 2013; 4(27): 49-61.
[30]
Beauvais, A. M., Stewart, J. G., DeNisco, S., and Beauvais, J. E. Factors related to academic success among nursing students: A descriptive correlational research study, Nurse Education Today. 2013; 34(6): 918-23 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2013.12.005
[31]
Beauvais, A. M., Brady, N., O’Shea, E. R., and Griffin, M. T. Emotional intelligence and nursing performance among nursing students, Nurse Education Today, 2011; 31(4): 396-401.
[32]
Snowden, A., Stenhouse, R., Young, J., Carver, H., Carver, F., and Brown, N. The relationship between emotional intelligence, previous caring experience and mindfulness in student nurses and midwives: a cross sectional analysis. Nurse Education Today. 2015; 35(1):152-158.
[33]
Al-Tamimi, E. M., and Al-Khawaldeh, N. A. Emotional Intelligence and Its Relation with the Social Skills and Religious Behaviour of Female Students at Dammam University in the Light of Some Variables, Canadian Center of Science and Education, International Education Studies, 2016; 9(3) 131:147.
[34]
Mohzan, M. A., Hassan, N., and AbdHalil, N. The Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Academic Achievement, 6th International Conference on University Learning and Teaching (In CULT 2012) Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013; 90: 303-312. Available online at www.sciencedirect.com
[35]
Singaravelu, S. Emotional Intelligence of Student Teachers at Primary Level, Journal of All India Association for Educational Research. 2007; 19(3&4): 49-51.
[36]
Rankin, B. Emotional intelligence: enhancing values-based practice and compassionate care in nursing. Journal of advanced nursing, 2014; 69(12): 2717-25.
[37]
Tafazoli, M., Hosseini, S., Sharbaf, H. A., Makarem, A., and Zadeh, S. E. A Study of relationship between emotional intelligence and clinical performance in training field in Midwifery students of Nursing and Midwifery School, 2012; 2(2): 13-18.
[38]
Codier, E., Kooker, B. M., and Shoultz, J. Measuring the emotional intelligence of clinical staff nurses: an approach for improving the clinical care environment, NursAdm Q 2008; 32(1): 8-14.
[39]
Gordon-Handler, L. The Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Clinical Performance in an Occupational Therapy Training Program. Dissertation Submitted to Northcentral University Graduate Faculty of the School of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Psychology, 2009.
[40]
Talarico, J., Metro, D., Patel, R., and Carney, P. Emotional intelligence and its correlation to performance as a resident: A preliminary study, J ClinAnesth. 2008; 20(2): 84-89.
[41]
Al-Hamdan, Z., Oweidat, I. A., Al-Faouri, I. and Codier, E. Correlating Emotional Intelligence and Job Performance Among Jordanian Hospitals' Registered Nurses, Nurs Forum. 2016 [Epub ahead of print]
[42]
Bakr, M. M., and Safaan, S. M. Emotional Intelligence: A Key for Nurses' Performance, Journal of American Science, 2012; 8(11): 385-393.
[43]
Cherry, M. G., Fletcher, I., and O’Sullivan, H. Validating relationships among attachment, emotional intelligence and clinical communication, medical education. 2014; 48(10): 988–997.
[44]
Hacettepe, G. E., and Kose, S. D. Evaluation of Emotional Intelligence and Communication Skills of Health Care Manager Candidates: A Structural Equation Modeling Assoc, International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2013; 4(13): 115-123.
[45]
Lee, O. S., and Ok, G. M. The Relationship between Emotional intelligence and Communication skill, Clinical competence & Clinical practice stress in Nursing Students, Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, 2013;14(6): 2749-2759.
[46]
Mi-Ran, K., Su-Jeong, H. Nursing students’ emotional intelligences and coping strategies, Advanced Science and Technology Letters, Healthcare and Nursing, 2015; 88: 53-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.88.11
[47]
Cabral, A. M., and Carvalho, F. M. Emotional Intelligence and Ethics on Organizations, Open Journal of Business and Management. 2014; 2(1): 5-23. http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojbm
[48]
Angelidis, J., and Ibrahim, N. A. The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on the Ethical Judgment of Managers, Journal of Business Ethics, 2011; 99(1): 111-119.
[49]
Agarwal, N., and Chaudhary, N. Role of Emotional Intelligence in Ethical Decision Making a Study of Western U.P. International Journal of Management & Business Studies, 2013; 3(1): 28-30.
[50]
Miri, M. R., Kermani, T., Khoshbakht, H., and Moodi, M. The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic stress in students of medical sciences, Journal of ducation and Health Promotion, 2013 V2:40. Available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3778639/
[51]
Ghanimat, P., Koupahi, M., Partovian, S., and Fakhri, K. P. Analysis of The Relationship Between Demographic Characteristics and Emotional Intelligence in Female Student (Case Study: Islamic Azad University of Tabriz), Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 2013; 2(5): 5-16.
[52]
Saeed, Y., Javadi, M ., SiratiNir, M., and Nouri, J. M. Assessment and comparison of Emotional Intelligence of Nurses in General and Intensive Care Units, Iran journal of Critical Care Nursing. 2013; 5(4): 214-221.
[53]
Adeyemo, D. A. Demographic Characteristics and Emotional Intelligence among Workers in Some Selected Organisations in Oyo State, Nigeria, The Journal of Business Perspective. 2008; 12(1): 43-48.
[54]
Ungur, G., and Karagozoglu, C. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Social Physique Anxiety and Life Satisfaction in Physical Education and Sports Students, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2013; 3(13): 115-119.
[55]
Srinivasan, K., and Umesh Samuel, A. A Study on Emotional Intelligence of Staff Nurses Working In Villupuram District, IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, 2016; 21(3): 34-39.
[56]
Saeid, Y., Javadi, M., Mokhtari Nouri, J., and SiratiNir, M. On the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Demographical Variables in Nurses, Journal of Military Medicine, 2013; 15(1):87-92.
[57]
Ealias, A., and George, J. Emotional intelligence and job satisfaction: A Correlational study. The international journal research Publication’s Research journal of commerce and behavioural science, 2012; 1(4) 37: 42 Available at www.theinternationaljournal.org
[58]
Pande, H. S. Evaluating characteristics and emotional intelligence among workers in organizations in the state of Rajasthan, International Research Journal, 2010; 1(10): 3-6.
[59]
Gangal, M. K., and Singh, J. A study of Emotional Intelligence of Teacher Trainee of Meerut City, International Journal of Behavioral, Social and Movement Sciences,2012 1(2): 99-106.
[60]
Adsul, R. K. A comparative study of urban and rural students on emotional intelligence and adjustment, Indian Journal of Positive Psychology, 2013; 4(1): 169-171.
[61]
Punia, S., and Sangwan, S. Emotional Intelligence and Social Adaptation of School Children, J Psychology. 2011; 2(2): 83-87.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186