An Analysis of Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis in the Lower Limbs and Nursing Strategies
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 4, August 2019, Pages: 169-173
Received: Dec. 4, 2018; Accepted: Feb. 28, 2019; Published: Jul. 4, 2019
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Wang Yuhua, Department of Nursing, Changzhou NO.7 People’s Hospital, Changzhou City, P. R. China
Wang Dongmei, Department of Trauma Surgery, Changzhou NO.7 People’s Hospital, Changzhou City, P. R. China
Gu Weidong, Department of Functional, Changzhou NO.7 People’s Hospital, Changzhou City, P. R. China
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This study aimed to analyze risk factors for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in the lower limbs among inpatients and to discuss appropriate nursing measures. Clinical data from 32 DVT patients were analyzed retrospectively to identify the potential risk factors. Except for one case who was transferred to another hospital for surgical treatment, all 31 cases received conservative therapy via medication. With the Autar DVT scale applied, 10 cases scored below 10; 11 cases 11-14, and 11 cases 15 or above 15. The preliminary risk factors for DVT included advanced age, concurrent high-risk illnesses, lying in bed, obesity, trauma and surgical intervention. Among these 32 cases, the commonly noted concurrent illnesses were hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, infection and cerebral infarction. Twenty-five cases were combined with three or more concurrent illnesses (78.1%). Considering the risk factor scores for DVT and increasing the level of knowledge about DVT among nursing staff are crucial points in improving the quality of nursing practices. Extended nursing is a significant factor in reducing the risk of DVT among those lying in bed for long periods.
Deep Vein Thrombosis, Risk Factors, Nursing Intervention
To cite this article
Wang Yuhua, Wang Dongmei, Gu Weidong, An Analysis of Risk Factors for Deep Vein Thrombosis in the Lower Limbs and Nursing Strategies, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2019, pp. 169-173. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190804.18
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