The Impact of MERS-Cov: Service and Systems Re-design: The Creation of the Caswell – Hijazi Model
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 200-209
Received: May 11, 2019; Accepted: Jul. 5, 2019; Published: Aug. 5, 2019
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Angela Caswell, Department of Nursing King Abdullah Specialist and Children’s Hospital, Saudi Arabia Kingdom, University of South Wales and South Bank University, United Kingdom
Raed Hijazi, Department of Emergency, Shaikh Khalifa Medical City, Abu Dhabi, George Washington University, Columbia, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia Kingdom, Seton Hall University, New Jersey
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Middle Eastern Corona virus (MERS-Cov) has been acknowledged globally as a novel and evolving pathogen. First detected in 2012, approximately 1,000 confirmed cases reported by World Health Organization and linked to travel to Saudi Arabia. The declaration of an epidemic in the Arabian Peninsula gained the global attention. The summer of 2015 witnessed a MERS-Cov outbreak resulting in the closure of a major Middle Eastern university teaching hospital. Overcrowding and delays were acknowledged as contributory factors. Patient flow processes were not streamlined resulting in frustration amongst staff and patients. Lack of knowledge related to the mode of transmission of this pathogen added to the challenges faced within the Emergency Department. A complete system and service re-design took place with the introduction of the Kingdom’s first Drive Through Screening and Streaming Unit (along with secondary screening and surveillance checkpoints) using an Acute Respiratory Illness tool, to direct potentially infected patients to designated isolation areas to a flu clinic equipped to manage all suspected cases of MERS-Cov and isolated away from the main Emergency Department. This novel concept has been developed to ensure safe and efficient screening and streaming of suspected cases, The Caswell – Hijazi Model.
MERS-Cov, Service and System Redesign, Caswell – Hijazi Model
To cite this article
Angela Caswell, Raed Hijazi, The Impact of MERS-Cov: Service and Systems Re-design: The Creation of the Caswell – Hijazi Model, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 200-209. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.11
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