Application of Music Training on Enhancing Auscultation Ability in Nursing Undergraduates: A Pilot Study
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2019, Pages: 239-242
Received: May 25, 2019; Accepted: Aug. 12, 2019; Published: Sep. 5, 2019
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Xiaofen Qin, Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China; Hainan General Hospital, Haikou, China
Xiuhua Wang, Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China
Jia Guo, Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China
Miao Wang, School of Architecture and Art, Central South University, Changsha, China
Jia Chen, Hainan General Hospital, Haikou, China
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Art is playing a more important role in nursing education as the two disciplines interconnect. Music has been used in western countries to improve the ability of medical and nursing students’ clinical skills in performing physical examination. But in China, very little literature focuses on music. The aim of this research is to explore the effect of music training in improving students' auscultation ability in the course of physical examination for nursing undergraduates. Second year nursing undergrraduates (n=125) were allocated to either the intervention group or the control group randomly. The control group (n=62) received the traditional training, the intervention group (n=63) received the traditional teaching, plus music training consisted of pitch, rhythm, timing, intensity, tenth, masking into the physical examination course. Both groups were evaluated on their ability to interpret 5 sounds (2 heart sounds, 2 lung sounds and 1 bowel sound) before the course and 15 sounds (6 heart sounds, 5 lung sounds, 2 bowel sounds and 1 mixed sound) after the course. The control group overall score was no significant differences compared to the intervention group which in the heart sounds, lung sounds and bowel sound before the course. After the course, the intervention group score of listening test was significant higher than control group which in the heart sounds, lung sounds and mixed sound. The results showed that the application of music training can improve the students' auscultation ability to a certain extent.
Music Training, Auscultation Ability, Nursing Undergraduates
To cite this article
Xiaofen Qin, Xiuhua Wang, Jia Guo, Miao Wang, Jia Chen, Application of Music Training on Enhancing Auscultation Ability in Nursing Undergraduates: A Pilot Study, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2019, pp. 239-242. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190805.16
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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