Association Between Physical Activities and Menopausal Symptoms Among Menopausal Women
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 294-303
Received: Sep. 6, 2019;
Accepted: Sep. 28, 2019;
Published: Oct. 20, 2019
Views 484 Downloads 151
Laila Mohammad Nuwigi Alrashidi, Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, College of Nursing, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Sahar Ahmed Ali Al Shamandy, Obstetrics and Gynecology Nursing, College of Nursing, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Haifa Abdul-Aziz Al-Turki, Obstetrics & Gynecology Medicine, College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
Menopause play a vital role in woman’s life. Recent study emphasized that physical activities are becoming one of the most important alternative treatments to deal with menopausal symptoms. This study aims to determine the association between level of physical activities and menopausal symptoms among women. A cross sectional study design was used in carrying out this study. The study conducted at King Fahad Hospital of University (KFHU) in its Outpatient Department (OPD) from March to May 2018 with a total sample of 208 women who visiting the previous mentioned setting according to the inclusion criteria. Three tools were used to collect data: A structured questionnaire sheet was developed and used by the researcher after reviewing the related literatures to collect socio-demographic data. A standardized tool (Menopausal Rating Scale-MRS) was used to know the prevalence and severity of menopausal symptoms and a standardized tool (Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire-LTEQ) was used to assess physical activities intensity. The results of the present study revealed that more than half of the participants had moderate level of the severity of menopausal symptoms (53.4%). This study also shows that the (82%) of them were more likely to do only mild exercise and only two symptoms namely hot flush/sweating from somatic symptoms and depressive mood under psychological symptoms demonstrated statistical significance with p values 0.002 & 0.029 respectively. Also, it is observed in this study that Body Mass Index (BMI) and the menopausal symptoms which comes under the somatic symptoms provides a high statistical significance with p value of 0.001. The study signifies that more than half of menopausal women (53.4%) were in the normal menopausal age and most women with a normal BMI (69.2%). While signifies the prevalence of joint and muscular discomfort was the highest among the four somatic menopausal symptoms with 95.2% of participants, followed by bladder problems was the highest among urogenital subscales with (88.5%). However, the physical and mental exhaustions was the highest among psychological subscales with 84.1% of the participants.
Laila Mohammad Nuwigi Alrashidi,
Sahar Ahmed Ali Al Shamandy,
Haifa Abdul-Aziz Al-Turki,
Association Between Physical Activities and Menopausal Symptoms Among Menopausal Women, American Journal of Nursing Science.
Vol. 8, No. 6,
2019, pp. 294-303.
A˘gıl. A, Abıke. F, Das, kapan. A, Alaca. R and Tuzun. H, (2010). Short-Term Exercise Approaches on Menopausal Symptoms, Psychological Health and Quality of Life in Postmenopausal Women. Obstetrics and Gynecology International, Article ID 274261, p.7.
Takahashi TA, Johnson KM. (2015). Menopause. Med Clin North Am, 99: 521 534. Teede HJ, Lombard C, Deeks AA. (2010). Obesity, metabolic complications and the menopause: an opportunity for prevention. Climacteric. 13 (3): 203-9.
Harlow SD, Gass M, Hall JE, et al. (2012). STRAW 10 Collaborative Group: Executive summary of the Stages of Reproductive Aging Workshop: addressing the unfinished agenda of staging reproductive aging. Menopause, 19: 387–395.
Kim MJ, Yim G, Park HY. (2018). Vasomotor and physical menopausal symptoms are associated with sleep quality. PLoS One. 13 (2): e0192934.
Al Dughaither, A., AlMutairy, H., & AlAteeq, M. (2015). Menopausal symptoms and quality of life among Saudi women visiting primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Women’s Health, 7, 645–653. http://doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S84709
Kim, M., Cho, J., Ahn, Y., Yim, G., & Park, H. (2014). Association between physical activity and menopausal symptoms in perimenopausal women. BMC Women's Health, 14, 122. doi: http://dx.doi.org.library.iau.edu.sa/10.1186/1472-6874-14-122.
Stojanovska L, Apostolopoulos V, Polman R & Borkoles E. 2014: To exercise, or, not to exercise, during menopause and beyond. Maturitas. Volume 77, Issue 4, Pages 318-323.
Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee. 2008: Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Godin G, Shephard RJ. (1985): A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Canadian journal of applied sport sciences. 10 (3): 141-6.
Villaverde-Gutiérrez C, Araújo E, Cruz F, Roa JM, Barbosa W, Ruíz-Villaverde G. 2006: Quality of life of rural menopausal women in response to a customized exercise programme. J Adv Nurs, 54: 11–19.
McAndrew LM, Napolitano MA, Albrecht A, Farrell NC, Marcus BH, Whiteley JA. 2009: When, why and for whom there is a relationship between physical activity and menopause symptoms. Maturitas, 64: 119–125.
Mirzaiinjmabadi K, Anderson D, Barnes M. 2006: The relationship between exercise, Body Mass Index and menopausal symptoms in midlife Australian women. Int J Nurs Pract, 12: 28–34.
De Azevedo Guimarães AC, Baptista F. 2011: Influence of habitual physical activity on the symptoms of climacterium/menopause and the quality of life of middle-aged women. Int J Womens Health, 3: 319–328.
Skrzypulec V, Dabrowska J, Drosdzol A. 2010: The influence of physical activity level on.
Chang, S. J., Chee, W., & Im, E.-O. (2013). Menopausal symptoms and physical activity in multiethnic groups of midlife women: A secondary analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69 (9), 1953–1965. http://doi.org/10.1111/jan.12056 climacteric symptoms in menopausal women. Climacteric, 13: 355–361.
Asghari M, Mirghafourvand M, Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi S, MalakoutiJ, Nedjat S. (2017). Effect of aerobic exercise and nutrition educationon quality of life and early menopause symptoms: A randomized controlled trial. Women Health. 57 (2): 173-188.
Ogwumike OO, Sanya AO, Arowojolu AO. (2011). Endurance exercise effect on quality of life and menopausal symptoms in Nigerian women. Afr J Med Med Sci. 40 (3): 187-95.
Heinemann. L, (1990): BERLIN CENTER FOR EPIDEMIOLOGY AND HEALTH RESEARCH. Zegberlin. de. http://www.menopause-rating-scale.info/about.htm
Aida AlDughaither, Hind AlMutairy, Mohammed AlAteeq. (2015). Menopausal symptoms and quality of life among Saudi women visiting primary care clinics in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Women’s Health. 7: 645–653.
Hong SA, Kim MK (2017): Relationship between fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of metabolic syndrome and its disorders in Korean women according to menopausal status. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr.; 26 (3): 514-523.
Caan BJ, Aragaki A, Thomson CA, Stefanick ML, Chlebowski R, Hubbell FA, Tinker L, Vitolins M, Rajkovic A, Bueche M, Ockene J. (2009): Vasomotor symptoms, adoption of a low-fat dietary pattern, and risk of invasive breast cancer: a secondary analysis of the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial. J Clin Oncol. 27 (27): 4500-7.
Lou C, Xiang G, Weng Q, Chen Z, Chen D, Wang Q, Zhang D, Zhou B, He D, Chen H. (2016): Menopause is associated with articular cartilage degeneration: a clinical study of knee joint in 860 women. Menopause.; 23 (11): 1239-1246.
Fenton A, & Panay N. (2016): Estrogen, menopause and joints. Climacteric. 19 (2): 107-8.
Gerber LM, Chiu YL, Verjee M, Ghomrawi H. (2016): Health-related quality of life in midlife women in Qatar: relation to arthritis and symptoms of joint pain. Menopause. 23 (3): 324-9.
Jones HJ, Huang AJ, Subak LL, Brown JS, Lee KA. (2016): Bladder Symptoms in the Early Menopausal Transition. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 25 (5): 457-63.
Ruan X, Cui Y, Du J, Jin F, Mueck AO. (2017): Prevalence of climacteric symptoms comparing perimenopausal and postmenopausal Chinese women. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 38 (3): 161-169.
Ibrahim ZM, Sayed Ahmed WA, El-Hamid SA. (2015): Prevalence of menopausal related symptoms and their impact on quality of life among Egyptian women. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 42 (2): 161-7.
IMEO, Kim S, Ji X, Park S, Chee E, Chee W, Tsai HM. (2017): Improving menopausal symptoms through promoting physical activity: a pilot Web-based intervention study among Asian Americans. Menopause. 24 (6): 653-662.
Yokota M, Makita K, Hirasawa A, Iwata T, Aoki D. (2016): Symptoms and effects of physical factors in Japanese middle-aged women. Menopause. 23 (9): 974-83.