Influence of Education Level on Mental Health and Medical Coping Modes: A Correlation Analysis in the Elderlies
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 324-328
Received: Sep. 27, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 26, 2019; Published: Nov. 8, 2019
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Authors
Saisai Cui, Health Management Center of the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
Rui Wang, Vcanbio Cell & Gene Engineering CORP., LTD, Tianjin, China
Leping Lu, Health Management Center of the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
He Wang, Health Management Center of the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
Yan Zhang, Health Management Center of the General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, Shenyang, China
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Abstract
Objective: To investigate the influence of education level on mental condition and medical coping modes in the elderlies, which may provide some evidence for mental care in health management. Methods: Clinical Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire (MCMQ) were applied to evaluate mental condition of 160 elderlies who were randomly chosen from the outpatients of a hospital in Shenyang. The patients were divided into 2 groups by education levels, highly educated group (n=71) and non-highly educated group (n=89). Scores of the two questionnaires were compared between the 2 groups, and correlation analysis was conducted between symptoms and medical coping modes within either group. Results: Compared with the non-highly educated group, the highly educated group has lower scores on all factors of SCL-90 and higher scores on all factors of MCMQ (P < 0.05). It was showed by the correlation analysis that “confrontation” was positively related to “psychoticism” in non-highly educated group (P < 0.05) but negatively related to “phobic anxiety” in highly educated group (P < 0.05), and “avoidance” was related to no factors of SCL-90 (P > 0.05), and “acceptance/resignation” was positively related to all the 9 factors of SCL-90 (P < 0.05) in non-highly educated group while positively related to 6 factors of SCL-90 (P < 0.05) except for “hostility”, “phobic anxiety” and “psychoticism” (P > 0.05) in highly educated group. Conclusion: Highly education provides elderly people with more positive medical coping modes as well as better mental conditions.
Keywords
Education, Mental Health, Medical Coping Modes, Correlation Analysis, Health Management
To cite this article
Saisai Cui, Rui Wang, Leping Lu, He Wang, Yan Zhang, Influence of Education Level on Mental Health and Medical Coping Modes: A Correlation Analysis in the Elderlies, American Journal of Nursing Science. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2019, pp. 324-328. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.20190806.16
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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