American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 16-21
Received: Nov. 13, 2014;
Accepted: Nov. 18, 2014;
Published: Nov. 29, 2014
Views 3530 Downloads 178
Ziogou Theologia, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute ofThessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Fradelos Evangelos, 3rd Psychiatric Department, State Mental Hospital of Attica “Daphne”, Athens, Greece
Kourkouta Lambrini, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute ofThessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Aim of the present research was planned to examine: a) the perceptions of professionals of mental health with regard to the use of physical activity when working with patients with psychiatric disorders and b) to study professionals’ decisive factors for the promotion of physical activity in the working context. Material and Method: The sample of the research constituted of 173 professionals of mental health (men N = 52, women N = 121) from the state Psychiatric Hospital and other Mental health services in the area of The ssaloniki. Results: The Correlation Analysis showed that the intention is connected positively with the positive effect of physical activity (r = .49), the role of personal physical exercise ( r = .46), the relation between physical and mental health ( r = .33), weaker correlations were found with the negative effect of physical exercise ( r = .28) and with the convictions of control ( r = -.26).Regression Analysis showed that the professionals attitudes towards physical activity, as well as the role of personal physical exercise, constitute important predicting factors for their intention the promotion of physical activity (34%).On the other hand, the promotion in their working place, was very small, since 76% of them could not promote any physical activity at all. Conclusions: The promotion of physical activity from the mental health professionals depends so much on their personal positive opinions for the physical activity, but also from their personal evaluation of behavior and the availability of resources.
The Use of Exercise in Mental Health Care, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue: Mental Health Care: Aspects, Challenges and Perspectives.
Vol. 4, No. 2-1,
2015, pp. 16-21.
Kafkia T, Zinelis D, KourakosM.Exercise Protocols in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) andTherapy:A Literature Review on Renal Replacement .Hellenic Journal of Nursing Science 2008; 1 (2): 56-59
Kourkouta L., Elafri M., Tsiotsiou V., Strogkylou V. Exercise and Mental Health in Ancient Greece. 40 Psychiatric Conference on Primary Health Care. Kyllini Ilia 1- 04.06.2012.
Kourkouta L., Plati P., Procopiou E.: A healthy mind in a healthy body. 390 Panhellenic Nursing Conference. Volos, 15-18 Μay in 2012.
Ziogou Th. The views of mental health professionals on the effects of physical activity in people with mental disorders and their participation or in the non-promotion of the care centers. Thesis. Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.Thessaloniki, 2006.
Tsaousoglou A KoukourikosK. Quality and healthservices.Stigma, 2007; 15 (1): 18 -24.
Ziogou Th, Kourkouta L, Diktapanidou S, Fradelos E, Ouzounakis P. Exercise care of mentally asthenon.3o Congress Biopsychosocial Approach to Health Care. With International Participation.Thessaloniki, 28-30 Μarch2013.
Fox K R. The influence of physical activity on mental well- being. Public Health and Nutrition, 1999; 2: 411- 418.
Hays K.F. (1999) Working It Out: Using Exercise in Psychotherapy. American Psychological Association, Washington DC.
Faulkner G. & Biddle S. (2001a) Exercise as therapy: it's just not psychology! Journal of Sports Sciences 19, 433-444
Ajzen, I. (1988). Attitudes, personality and behavior. Chicago: Dorsey Press.
Ajzen, I.(2002) Constructing a TpB questionnaire: conceptual and methodological considerations.[ On Line] Available : http://www-nix.oit.umass.edu/~aizen/
Godin, G., & Shephard, R.(1986a). Importance of type of attitude to the study of exercise-behaviour.Psychological Reports, 58, 991-1000.
Stephens, T.(1988) Physical activity and mental health in the United States and Canada: Evidence from four population surveys. Preventive Med,17:35-47
Burks, R., Keeley, S. (1989). Exercise and diet therapy: Psychotherapists' beliefs and practices. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 62-64.
Gould MM, Thorogood M, Illifle S, Morris JN. (1995). Promoting physical activity in primary care: measuring the knowledge gap. Health Educ J., 54, 304-311.
Gauvin L, Spence JC. (1995). Psychological research on exercise and fitness: current research trends and future challenges. Sport Psychol., 9, 434-448.
Kreuter M., Scharff D., Brennan L., Lukwago S.(1997). Physisian recommendations for diet and physical activity: which patients get advised to change? Prev. Med., 26, 825-833.
McKenna, J., Naylor, P.& McDowell, N. (1998). Barriers to physical activity promotion by GPs and practice nurses. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 32, 242-247.
Yahne, C.E. and Miller (1999). Enhancing motivation for treatment and change. In: Mc Crady, B.S. and Epstein, E., Editors, 1999. Addictions: a comprehensive guidebook, Oxford University Press, New York, 235-249.
Walitzer K.S., Derman K.H. and Connors G.L. (1999). Strategies for preparing clients for treatment: a review. Behavior Modification., 23, 129-151.
Lynch, D., Repka, F., Nagel, R., Birk, T., Gohara, A., Leighton, R., Walsh, M., & Weaver, M.,(2000). Prediction of dietary adherence in cholesterol reduction: relative contribution of personality variables and health attitudes. Psychology and Health 15, 821-828.
Theodorakis, Y., Natsis, P., Papaioannou, A., & Goudas, M.(2003). Greek students' attitudes toward physical activity and health- related behaviour. Psychological Reports, 92, 275-283.
Mc Entee, D., & Halgin, R. (1996).Therapists' attitudes about addressing the role of exercise in psychotherapy.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52, 48- 60.
Bunce D, Birdi K. (1998). The theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behaviour as a function of job control. Br J Health Psychol., 3, 265-275.
Stokols D. (1992). Establishing and maintaining health environments: toward a social ecology of health promotion. Am Psychol., 47, 6-22.
Simons-Morton DG, Calfas KJ, Oldenburg B, Button N. (1998). Effects of interventions in health care settings on physical activity or cardio respiratory fitness.Am J Prev Med., 15, 413-430.