The Value and Contribution of Foster Families in the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 4, Issue 2-1, March 2015, Pages: 31-36
Received: Nov. 30, 2014; Accepted: Dec. 2, 2014; Published: Dec. 27, 2014
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Author
Olga Velentza, RN, Aiginiteio Hospital, Athens, Greece
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Abstract
Introduction: The family is the first place where the values, principles and standards are instilled and absorbed. It is the main natural support system for the member who suffers from a serious mental disorder and it can play an important role in the progress and development of mental illness. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the institution of the foster families in Greece, since it is considered innovative for the institutionalization of the mentally ill within the psychiatric reform. Material and method: Literature search from electronic databases Scopus, Ebsco, Pubmed, Wiley, was performed and 31 articles by Greek and foreign literature were isolated and studied. Information from EKEPSYE was sought as well as the testimony of responsible programs in Greece. A study was made on Programs of foster families, as well as analysis and an analysis of experience thus giving useful practices of Greece as well as abroad. Results: The placement and the staying of chronic patients under the care of foster families, provided that they continued their treatment, can help prevent relapses, as well as hospitalization. It can also improve the quality of life of the patient, reduce the cost of services. Thus enhancing the functioning of the patient as to become able in future to lead a more independent lifestyle. Conclusions: The institution of psychiatric reform and the principles are the basis for the development and implementation of foster families, with a view to the de-institutionalization of the mentally ill and a healthy transition into the community.
Keywords
Foster Families, Foster Family, Psychiatric Reform, Intermediate Structures
To cite this article
Olga Velentza, The Value and Contribution of Foster Families in the Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue: Mental Health Care: Aspects, Challenges and Perspectives. Vol. 4, No. 2-1, 2015, pp. 31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2015040201.17
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