Primary Mental Health Care in Rural Greece: A Single Center Experience
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 7, Issue 3-1, June 2018, Pages: 1-6
Received: Jul. 1, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 4, 2017; Published: Aug. 2, 2017
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Authors
Sofia Zyga, Nursing Research and Practice Laboratory, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Eleni Mitropoulou, Post Graduate Program, "Health Services Administration and Crisis Management", Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Victoria Alikari, Nursing Research and Practice Laboratory, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Panagiotis Prezerakos, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Maria Tsironi, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Panagiotis Andriopoulos, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
John Stathoulis, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Foteini Tzavella, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
Evangelos C. Fradelos, Nursing Research and Practice Laboratory, Department of Nursing, University of Peloponnese, Sparta, Greece
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Abstract
Economic Indicators of the Situation of Rural Areas (as compared to city residents) such as average income, education, poverty, unemployment rates and employers who do not provide health insurance are some facts that making this population vulnerable. Factors that affect the "Health Condition" of "Rural Populations" are: disproportionately large numbers of young and elderly people, health risks, abuse, family violence and neglect, climatic (weather) Geographical isolation, lack of access to healthcare and lack of resources for mental health services The purpose of this retrospective study is to present dada from a Mental Health center of the Psychiatric Sector of a regional General Hospital in the 3-year period 2013-2015. Material and Methods: This is an epidemiological study. The collection of data was performed with a specially designed for the purpose of the study form that included the recording of data. In particular, race, age, gender, marital status were recorded. In addition, level of education, diagnosis according to ICD 10 and other clinical data. Results: Common mental disorders experienced by patients visiting the Mental Health Center were recurrent depressive episodes, schizophrenia, depressive disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder. Conclusions: This Mental Health Center, have treated both Greeks and foreigners, as well as patients residing outside of his sector. The main diagnoses for patients were recurrent depressive episodes, schizophrenia, depressive episodes, obsessive compulsive disorder and bipolar affective disorder. Most patients were instructed and suggested a follow up examination. About half of the patients were stable, one third had an improvement, and only 15% had deteriorated their condition. Patients who were aggravated were significantly younger and had a follow up examination.
Keywords
Mental Health, Primary Mental Health Care, Rural Areas
To cite this article
Sofia Zyga, Eleni Mitropoulou, Victoria Alikari, Panagiotis Prezerakos, Maria Tsironi, Panagiotis Andriopoulos, John Stathoulis, Foteini Tzavella, Evangelos C. Fradelos, Primary Mental Health Care in Rural Greece: A Single Center Experience, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue: Nursing Education and Research. Vol. 7, No. 3-1, 2018, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2018070301.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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