Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 7, Issue 3-1, June 2018, Pages: 33-38
Received: Jul. 10, 2017; Accepted: Aug. 1, 2017; Published: Aug. 23, 2017
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Authors
Minasidou Eugenia, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Kourouzidou Korina, Psychopaediatric Clinic, General Hospital “Ippokrateio”, Thessaloniki, Greece
Mina Sophia, Psychopaediatric Clinic, General Hospital “Ippokrateio”, Thessaloniki, Greece
Kourakos Michael, Director of Nursing, General Hospital “Asklepeion” Voulas, Athens, Greece
Dimitriadou Alexandra, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Kafkia Theodora, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Abstract
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease than can cause negative mood, interpersonal problems, inefficacy, anhedonia and negative self-confidence. In addition, quality of life is affected for the patient and his/her family, mainly in everyday and social activities as well as in psychological status. In the present study the relationship between type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and mood disorders in children and adolescents has been investigated, as well as the factors affecting, negatively or positively, the way these disorders are manifested. Seventy two children and adolescents (47 girls and 25 boys) that attended hospital’s outpatient’s clinics in northern Greece were the sample of the study. Participation was voluntary; having obtained informed consent from parents and children. The Children Depression Inventory (CDI Kovacs, 1980) was used. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS 20.00. The research revealed that boys experience more interpersonal problems and inefficacy than girls. Looking with more details into the participants’ family status statistical significance was detected only regarding negative mood. Higher depression scores were noticed for “single parent families” followed by “divorced parents”, while children who lived with both parents scored the lowest. The results showed that statistically significant difference existed in the total CDI score and the subscales of negative self-confidence and inefficacy. Children up to 12 years old scored lower than children older than 13 years old. In conclusion, diabetes is requiring from children and their families adjustment in everyday life in order to achieve a good health and mental status. Knowledge of early signs and symptoms of childhood depression can help parents and teachers to detect them and ask for professional help and support. Healthcare professionals should plan care in a way that psychological support, positive motivation and compliance to treatment could be enhanced.
Keywords
Adolescents, Children, Diabetes Mellitus Type 1, Mood Disorders
To cite this article
Minasidou Eugenia, Kourouzidou Korina, Mina Sophia, Kourakos Michael, Dimitriadou Alexandra, Kafkia Theodora, Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue:Nursing Education and Research. Vol. 7, No. 3-1, 2018, pp. 33-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2018070301.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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