Pulmonary Embolism: A Literature Review
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 7, Issue 3-1, June 2018, Pages: 57-61
Received: Nov. 6, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 8, 2017; Published: Nov. 24, 2017
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Authors
Kourkouta Lambrini, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Koukourikos Konstantinos, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Iliadis Christos, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
Ouzounakis Petros, General Hospital of Alexandroupoli, Alexandroupoli, Greece
Tsaloglidou Areti, Department of Nursing, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
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Abstract
Pulmonary embolism is the blockage of a branch of the pulmonary artery by a substance that has traveled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream. The majority of pulmonary embolisms are caused by venous thromboembolism but in some cases it may also come from other sources (fat, injuries, orthopedic surgeries or amniotic fluid during childbirth). The aim of this retrospective study is to highlight some important information about the pulmonary embolism. Extensive review of the recent literature was conducted in electronic database Medline and via the link of the Greek Association of Academic Libraries (HEAL-Link). Pulmonary embolism can be immediately a life threatening situation. Cause of the disease is the blockage of an artery in the lungs usually by a clot (clogging). Pulmonary embolism is divided into (a) small and medium size (b) multiple pulmonary emboli, and (c) massive pulmonary embolism. There are several factors that affect the occurrence of pulmonary embolism such as age over 40 years, major surgery, fractures, particularly those of the basin and prolonged bed stay (more than five days). The treatment of pulmonary embolism and its diagnosis should be direct because many times even today people lose their lives, despite the tremendous development of diagnostic tools.
Keywords
Pulmonary Embolism, Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, Diagnostic Tests, Treatment
To cite this article
Kourkouta Lambrini, Koukourikos Konstantinos, Iliadis Christos, Ouzounakis Petros, Tsaloglidou Areti, Pulmonary Embolism: A Literature Review, American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue:Nursing Education and Research. Vol. 7, No. 3-1, 2018, pp. 57-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2018070301.19
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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