Application of Health Belief Model among Youth at High Risk for Obesity in West Bank (Palestine)
American Journal of Nursing Science
Volume 7, Issue 3-1, June 2018, Pages: 86-96
Received: Nov. 3, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 3, 2017; Published: Jan. 4, 2018
Views 1881      Downloads 205
Authors
Nawal Mahmoud Soliman, Community Health Nursing Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Hemat Abd Elmoneem Elsayied, Community Health Nursing Department, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
Mustafa Mohammad Shouli, Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, AN-najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk for global deaths. At least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. The study aim to evaluate the effect of application of health belief model (HBM) among youth at high risk for obesity in Palestine (West Bank). Research design: A quasi- experimental design was used. Settings: The study was conducted at Faculty of Nursing /A-Najah National University which located in Nablus and IBN Sina College for Health Sciences, West Bank- Palestine. Subjects: A purposive sample of 117 students, from both previous setting at high risk for obesity was included. Tools, three tools were used to collect data. A self-administered questionnaire, it was composed of 4 parts; the health belief model (HBM) sub- constructs which used in this study and anthropometric measurement to detect body mass index & levels of risk for obesity. Results: Revealed that according to BMI and levels of risk for obesity shows, less than half of youth were obesity class1 (low risk) while more than one third was obesity class II (moderate risk). There was a highly significant difference between student’s knowledge and their practices regarding obesity, healthy food, and exercises pre & post application of HBM. Conclusion: Application of health belief model was effective in improved knowledge and practices of the student at high risk for obesity and changing health behavior. Recommendations: Conducting routine screening for obesity, dieting, and other weight reduction practices as an integral part of the ongoing health care provided by all health services. HBM also suggests that the benefits and barriers of changing health behavior must be taken into consideration, as those who perceive more benefits than barriers are more likely to take action.
Keywords
High Risk for Obesity, Youth, Health Belief Model
To cite this article
Nawal Mahmoud Soliman, Hemat Abd Elmoneem Elsayied, Mustafa Mohammad Shouli, Application of Health Belief Model among Youth at High Risk for Obesity in West Bank (Palestine), American Journal of Nursing Science. Special Issue: Nursing Education and Research. Vol. 7, No. 3-1, 2018, pp. 86-96. doi: 10.11648/j.ajns.s.2018070301.23
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Ogden, CL: Carroll MD and Flegal, KM. (2014): High body mass index for age among US children and adolescents, 2006-2010. j Am Med Assoc. 299: 2401-2405.
[2]
Smith, D.; Maurer, M. D.; Lewis, B., Fitzgibbon, M. & Schriener, P. (2015). Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a biracial cohort of young adults. Ann Behav Med 20: 227-232.
[3]
United State Department of Health & Human Services. (2014). The Surgeon Generals vision for a healthy and fit nation.
[4]
Blissmer, B: Riebe, D: Dye, G,: Ruggiero, L: Greene, G & Caldwell, M. (2014): "Health –related quality of life following a clinical weight loss intervention among overweight and obese adults: intervention and 24 month follow –up effects ". Health Qual Life Outcomes 2014, 4: 43.
[5]
Holm, J. M., Joiner, T. R., Vohs, K. D., & Heatherton, T. F. (2015). The"freshman fifteen" (the "freshman five" actually): Predictors and possible explanations. Health Psychology, 27 (1), S3-S9. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.27.1. S3.
[6]
World Health Organization (2015): Obesity and overweight http:// www. WHO. int accessed 29 September.
[7]
Johen, J. and Robert, R. (2015): Disordered lipids Obesity. Current therp. Endo- Met., Vol. 6 (5): 505-9.
[8]
Blissmer, B: Riebe, D: Dye, G,: Ruggiero, L: Greene, G & Caldwell, M. (2014): "Health –related quality of life following a clinical weight loss intervention among overweight and obese adults: intervention and 24 month follow –up effects ". Health Qual Life Outcomes 2014, 4: 43.
[9]
Wengreen, H. & Moncur, C. (2014). Change in diet, physical activity, and body weight among young-adults during the transition from high school to college. NutritionJournal, 832. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
[10]
Moreno, L. A., Ochoa, M. C., Wärnberg, J. J., Marti, A. A., Martínez, J. A., & Marcos, A. A. (2014). Treatment of obesity in adolescents. how nutrition can work?. International Journal of adolescents & Pediatric Obesity, 3 (Suppl 1), 72-77. doi:10.1080/17477160801897158.
[11]
Dolinsky, D., Siegariz, A., Perrin, E., & Armstrong, S. (2016). Recognizing and preventing childhood obesity. Contemporary Pediatrics, 28 (1), 32-42. Retrievedfrom EBSCOhost.
[12]
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2015d). Physical activity foreveryone. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/ guidelines/adults.html.
[13]
Champion, V. & Skinner, C. (2013). The health belief model. In K. Glanz, B. K. Rimer, & K. Viswanath (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: theory, research, and practice (pp. 45-65). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
[14]
Ha, E.-J. & Caine-Bish, N. (2014). Effect of nutrition intervention using a general nutrition course for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among college students. Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior, 41 (2), 103-109. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
[15]
Strong, K., Parks, S., Anderson, E., Winett, R., & Davy, B. (2015). Weight gain prevention: identifying theory-based targets for health behavior change in young adults. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 108 (10), 1708-1715. Retrieved from EBSCO host.
[16]
Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents (2016). US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Pediatrics, 125 (2), 361-367. doi:10.1542/peds.
[17]
World Health Organization (2015): Obesity and overweight http:// www. who. int accessed 29 September.
[18]
Badran. M, and I. Laher, 2014 “Obesity in Arabic-Speaking Countries,” Journal of Obesity, vol., Article ID 686430.
[19]
Johen, J. and Robert, R. (2015): Disordered lipids Obesity. Current therp. Endo- Met., Vol. 6 (5): 505-9.
[20]
Smith, D.; Maurer, M. D.; Lewis, B., Fitzgibbon, M. & Schriener, P. (2014). Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a biracial cohort of young adults. Ann Behav Med 20: 227- 232.
[21]
Gillis, A. J. (2016). Lessons learned from listening: the meaning of adolescent life style choices. The ninth international congress of women's health issues Egypt: Alexandria University. Faculty of Nursing.
[22]
Department of Health and Human Services U. S. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. ODPHP Publication 2014 No. U0036. Washington, D. C. U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available online: http://www.health.gov/paguidelines.
[23]
World Health Organization (WHO), (2016).“Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry: report of a WHO Expert Committee,” Tech. Rep., Geneva, Switzerland.
[24]
Al-Rifai, N. and Roudi, F. (2014) “Prevalence and correlates of obesity and central obesity among Omani adults,” Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 641–646, 2013.
[25]
Khader Y, Irshaidat O, Khasawneh M, Amarin Z, Alomari M, Batieha A (2014). Overweight and Obesity Among adolescence Children in Jordan: Prevalence and Associated Factors. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2014; doi 10.1007/s10995-800-0362-0.
[26]
Grundy, S. M. (2014)."Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease ". J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 89 (6): 2595-600. Doi:10. 1210/jc. 2014 0372. PMID 15181029.
[27]
Shi Z, Lien N, Kumar BN, Dalen I, Holmboe-Ottesen G: The socio demographic correlates of nutritional status of school adolescents in Jiangsu Province, China. J Adolescent Health 2013, 37: 313-322.
[28]
Al-Isa AN (2014,): Body mass index, overweight and obesity among Kuwaiti intermediate school adolescents aged 18-25 years. Eur J Clin Nutr 2014, 58: 1273-1277.
[29]
Klesages, CR, Shelton, L M and Klesages M l. (2015): Effects of television on metabolic rate, potential implication for adults obesity: 91 (2): 281-6.
[30]
Al-Rukban MO (2013): Obesity among Saudi male adolescents in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2013, 24: 27-33.
[31]
National Center for Health Statistics: Prevalence of Obesity Among Adults and Youth in the United States, 2015:, No. 219, November 2015.
[32]
Swift JA, Glazebrook C, Anness A & Goddard R "Obesity-Related Knowledge and Beliefs in Obese Adults Attending a Specialist Weight-Management Service: Implications for Weight Loss over 1 Year." Patient Education and Counseling., January 2014 ISSN: 0738-3991 DOI: 10.1016/ Elsevier Science.
[33]
Suliman. R. " Weight Reduction Practices and its Effects on the Nutritional Status of Saudi Females Attending Weight Reduction Clinics in Riyadh City. King Saud University College of Applied Medical Sciences Department of Community Health Sciences. December/2014.
[34]
Shene-Pin Hu, Tzu-Yin Chiang MS, Sung-Ling Yeh & Yi-Wen Chien “Comparisons of attitudes and practices between obese and normal weight women in Taiwan” Dept of Nutrition and Health Science, Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2012; 16 (3): 567-571.
[35]
Kathryn M. Ross, Vanessa A. Milsom & Rickel. K, "'The Contributions of Weight Loss and Increased Physical Fitness to Improvements in Health-Related Quality of Life" Elsevier December 2013 online 16. doi: 10.1016/.12.002.
[36]
Randi Andenæs, May S Fagermoen, Hilde Eide & Anners Lerdal "Changes in health-related quality of life in people with morbid obesity attending a learning and mastery course. A longitudinal study with 12-months follow-up" Bio Med central, 2014 10: 95.
[37]
Vieira P. N. · Palmeira A. L. · Mata J. · Kolotkin R. L. · Silva M. N., Sardinha L. B. & Teixeira P. J. 2014 "Usefulness of Standard BMI Cut-Offs for Quality of Life and Psychological Well-Being in Women" KARGER Medical and Scientific Publishers, Obesity Facts December 2013; 5: 795–805 (DOI: 10.1159/000345778).
[38]
Lee JS, & Ha BJ. 2013; A study of the dietary attitude, dietary self efficacy and nutrient intake among middle school students with different obesity indices in Gyeong-Nam. Korean J Community Nutr 2013; 8: 171-80.
[39]
Kim NY, Jung IS, Kim JS. A (2011); comparative study on the self efficacy and health promoting behavior between obese and normal weight adolescence students. J Korean Community Nurs 2011; 12: 828-37.
[40]
Kang YJ, Jin KN, Lee HR. (2012): Factors influencing weight control intention of obese adolescents. J Korean Soc Study Obes 19982012; 7: 142-56.
[41]
Park HS. (2010): A study on body image and influences on the intention to reduce food intake of female high school students [master’s thesis]. Gyeongju: Dongguk University.
[42]
Ryu HK (2015). Factors affecting the weight control intention of the female adolescent by body size-in Daegu area. Korean J Community Living Sci 2015; 16: 83-93.
[43]
Pesa J. (2013): Psychosocial factors associated with dieting behaviors among female adolescents. J. Sch Health 2013; 69: 196-201.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186