Formulation of Low Cost Complementary Baby Food to Improve the Nutritional Status of the Malnourished Children in Bangladesh
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 4, July 2013, Pages: 200-206
Received: May 27, 2013;
Published: Jul. 20, 2013
Views 3183 Downloads 237
Md. Ariful Alam, Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
Md. Tanvir Sarwar, Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
Md. Hafizur Rahman, Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
A. Y. K Masud Rana, Institute of Food and Radiation Biology, Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shakh M. A Rouf, Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Technology, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh
In the present study we formulated a low cost complementary baby food and investigated its role to improve the nutritional status of the malnourished baby. One hundred gm of complementary baby food was prepared by blending of 40 gm cereal powder, 16 gm green gram powder, 14 gm sesame powder, 14 gm banana powder, 10 gm pumpkin powder and 6 gm sugar powder according to the proportion of balanced diet. The formulated complementary baby food contained 336.5 Kcal energy and 6.56% moisture, 1.76% crude fiber, 17.5% protein, 13.7% fat, 31.31% carbohydrate, 30.93% ash, 27.7 mg of vitamin C, 210 µg of vitamin E, 30.15 mg of iron, 45.32 mg of zinc, 470.3 mg of calcium, 73.6 mg of magnesium and 1100 µg β-carotene. Impact of formulated complementary food to improve nutritional status was observed by conducting a cross-sectional study on 27 suspected malnourished children living in low socioeconomic status. According to the anthropometric data 18 children were found to be malnourished. From the 18 children, 13 children were taken as Feeding Group and remaining 5 children taken as Control Group. We found that 30.76% children were severe malnourished, 46.15% children were moderate malnourished and 23.07% children were mild malnourished according to Gomez classification. Nutritional status of the feeding and control group was investigated during the three months study period. It was found that control group gradually lost their weight (wasting) during the study periods due to faulty feeding practices and lack of calorie intake. Percent weight loss (wasting) at the end of the study period for Control-1, Control-2, Control-3, Control-4 and Control-5 were 8.60%, 7.14%, 8.33%, 10.0%, and 9.25% respectively. While the newly formulated complementary baby food was provided 120gm/day for the severe malnourished children and 80gm/day for the mild to moderate malnourished children during the study period. It was found that the formulated complementary baby food can reverse muscle wasting and improving nutritional status of the malnourished children during the study period. Thus newly formulated complementary baby food was efficiently providing both calorie and other dietary essentials to the malnourished children.
Md. Ariful Alam,
Md. Tanvir Sarwar,
Md. Hafizur Rahman,
A. Y. K Masud Rana,
Shakh M. A Rouf,
Formulation of Low Cost Complementary Baby Food to Improve the Nutritional Status of the Malnourished Children in Bangladesh, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 2, No. 4,
2013, pp. 200-206.
Aggarwal A, Verma S, Faridi MMA, Dayachand. "Complementary feeding reasons for inappropriateness in timing, quantity and consistency" (2008). Indian J Pediatr, 75:49-53.
World Health Organization. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding.Geneva,WHO (2003).http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/infantfee ding/infant feeding.
World Health Organization. Complementary feeding - Report of the global consultation Summary of Guiding principles Geneva (2001). www.who.int/entity/nutrition/publications/infantfee ding/Complementary_Feeding.pdf.
Saadeh B, Worldwide R, Daelmans. Global initiatives to improve complementary feeding. In SCN Newsletter: Meeting the challenge to improve complementary feeding (2003). United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition. Moreira,A.D. Ed. Lavenhem Press, UK pp.10-17.
WHO: Report of Informal Meeting to Review and Develop Indicators for Complementary Feeding (2002). Washington, D.C.
Jones G, Steketee RW, Black RE, Bhutta ZA, Morris SS. "How many child deaths can we prevent this year?" (2003). Lancet, 362(9377):65-71.
Martorell R, Khan LK, Schroeder D. "Reversibility of stunting: epidemiological findings in children from developing countries" (1994). Eur J Clin Nutr, 48(Suppl 1):S45-57.
Villapando S."Feeding mode, infections, and anthropometric status in early childhood" (2000).Pediatrics, 106 (Supplement) pp. 1282- 1283.
Lutter C. "Meeting the challenge to improve complementary feeding. In: Moreira AD, ed" (2003). UN Systems Standing Committee on Nutrition SCN News. Lavenhem Press, UK , pp. 4-10.
Glover DV. "Improvement of protein quality in maize", In: Wilke HL, ed" (1976).Improving the nutrient quality of cereals. Washington, DC: AID, , pp. 69-97.
Plahar WA, Annan NT. "Development of balanced protein-energy weaning foods based on local legumes and cereals" (1994). Report submitted to the Association of African Universities by Food Research Institute. Accra, Ghana.
Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzati M, Mathers C,Rivera J "Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences" (2008). Lancet, 371(9608):243-260.
Shrimpton R, Victora CG, de Onis M, Lima RC, Blossner M, Clugston G. "Worldwide timing of growth faltering: implications for nutritional interventions" (2001). Pediatrics, 107(5):E75.
Dewey KG, Adu-Afarwuah S. "Systematic review of the efficacy and effectiveness of complementary feeding interventions in developing countries" (2008). Matern Child Nutr, 4(Suppl 1):24-85.
A.O.A.C. Official Methods of Analysis, 13th ed. (1980). Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington D.C, , 376-384.
WRONO. "The use of persulphate in the estimation of nitrogen by Arnold Cunning modification of Kjeldahl method" (1923). J. Biol. Chem, 55: 427.
Cocks LV and van Reda C. Laboratory Handbook for Oil and Fats Analysts (1966).Academic Press, London, 88 pp.
Thiers R. E. Methods of Biochemical Analysis (1957). New York, Interscience, , Vol. 5 , pp. 274.
Bessey, O.A, and King, C.G. "The distribution of vit-C in plant and animal tissues and its determination" (1933). J. Biol. Chem. 103: 68-73.
Vogel AI, Vogel’s Text book of quantitative in organic analysis (1978). 4th Edition., Longman Group Limited.
Jelliffe, D.B., Jelliffe, E.F.P. Oxford (UK), Oxford Univ. press (1989). Pp. 610.
Gibson R.S, Ferguson E.L, Lehrfeld J. " Energy requirements for infant in developing countries: their nutrient adequacy and improvement" (1998). Eur J Clin Nutr. 52(10):764-70.
Lartey A, Manu A, Brown K.H, Peerson J.M, Dewey K.G, "A randomized, community-based trial of the effects of improved, centrally processed complementary foods on growth and micronutrient status of Ghanaian infants four 6 to 12 month of age" (1999). Am. J. Clin. Nutr, , 70(3): 391-404.
"Nutrient requirements and recommended dietary allowances for Indians A Report of the Expert Group of the Indian Council of Medical Research (2009). Jamai-Osmania PO, Hyderabad – 500 604.
Giuglianil, E. R.J. and Victora, C.J. Review article on: Complementary feeding (2000). J. Pediatr. 76 (3): 253-262.