Arabic Coffee with Two Doses of Cardamom: Effects on Health Biomarkers in Healthy Women
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 280-286
Received: Sep. 12, 2013; Published: Oct. 20, 2013
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Authors
Maha M Badkook, Department of Food and Nutrition, King AbdulAziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Randa M Shrourou, Department of Food and Nutrition, King AbdulAziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
Background: Arabic coffee is a form of boiled unfiltered coffee rich in diterpenes, components shown to raise cholesterol. Cardamom, a component of Arabic coffee, has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties. This study investigates the effects of daily consumption of Arabic coffee with two different doses of cardamom on blood pressure, lipids, heart, and liver function biomarkers. Materials and Methods: Healthy adult females (n=36) were divided in three groups. Each was given daily 500 ml Arabic coffee, either with no cardamom (3:0, Control), or with one proportion of cardamom (3:1, ACLC), or with two proportions of cardamom (3:2, ACHC) 5 days/week, for a period of 4 weeks. Fasting blood was withdrawn at baseline, and end of intervention. Serum was analyzed for lipid profile, C-reactive protein (CRP), heart, and liver enzymes. Blood pressure was measured at the beginning and end of intervention. Results: TC was elevated in ACLC group, while TC and LDL-C increased in ACHC group. GGT significantly decreased in both groups. Coffee consumption with both cardamom doses showed no differences in blood pressure, lipids, heart and liver enzymes, or CRP compared to non-cardamom Arabic coffee. Conclusion: Daily consumption of 500 ml of Arabic coffee with regular or high doses of cardamom might be a risk factor for CVD due to elevation of TC and LDL-C especially with the high cardamom dose, despite its nil effect on blood pressure and inflammation, and beneficial effect on liver GGT enzyme.
Keywords
Arabic Coffee, Cardamom, Blood Pressure, Cardiovascular, Inflammation
To cite this article
Maha M Badkook, Randa M Shrourou, Arabic Coffee with Two Doses of Cardamom: Effects on Health Biomarkers in Healthy Women, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 280-286. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130206.13
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