Utilization of Prune Juice or Puree as a Laxative for Constipation Pregnant Rats Induced Iron Intake during Pregnancy and the Impact on Newborns
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 342-351
Received: Dec. 8, 2013; Published: Jan. 10, 2014
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Authors
El-Dakak Abeer M. N. H., Special Food and Nutrition Dept., Food Technology Research Institute, Agric. Res. Center, Giza, Egypt
El-Nahal Dalia. M. M., Special Food and Nutrition Dept., Food Technology Research Institute, Agric. Res. Center, Giza, Egypt
Sayed-Ahmed E. F., Special Food and Nutrition Dept., Food Technology Research Institute, Agric. Res. Center, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract
Iron supplementation during pregnancy causes constipation in pregnant women and newborn babies; especially on high doses. Prune juice and prune puree were tested to avoid the constipation in pregnant women and newborn babies. Phenolic compounds, vitamin C and sugar alcohols of prune juice and prune puree were determined. Forty two pregnant female rats fed a basal diet for 6 weeks. At the 10th day of pregnancy they were divided randomly into 7 groups. Group 1, was the negative control (N. control). Rats from group 2 to group 4 fed on basal diet and received 1mg Fe2+/kg b.w. Group 3 and group 4 administered 0.5 ml prune juice and prune puree twice daily, respectively. Moreover, rats from group 5 to group 7 fed on basal diet and received 2.5 mg Fe2+ /kg b.w. Group 6 and group 7 administered 0.5 ml prune juice and prune puree twice daily, respectively. Group 2 and 5 were considered positive control 1 and 2, respectively. The mothers rats were received Fe2+ (ferrous fumarate dosage form) daily until parturition; however, they were administrated prune juice and prune puree until weaning at the end of experiment (42 days). The mothers of rats and puppies were killed at the end of breast feeding. The results of HPLC-UV detector indicated that quantification of phenolic compounds, vitamin C, sorbitol and xylitol in prune puree were higher than prune juice. Concerning the results of biological experiment, it could be noticed that Fe2+ (ferrous fumarate form) significantly decreased the pellet number, weight, and % moisture of feces in pregnancy, lactating, in male and female infant rats. Moreover, gastrointestinal movements were significantly reduced in rats administrated with 1 or 2.5mg Fe2+/Kg b.w represented in the G2 and G5 compared to the negative control (G1). Moreover, prune juice and prune puree utilization improved the tested parameters for pregnancy, lactating and infant rats whether they were male or female. The results clearly showed that prune juice or puree can prevent or treat constipation via normalizing the bowel movement resulting from Fe2+administration in pregnant rats and their puppies (newborn and infant).
Keywords
Constipation, Iron Supplementation, Pregnant Rats, Prune Juice, Prune Puree, Newborns
To cite this article
El-Dakak Abeer M. N. H., El-Nahal Dalia. M. M., Sayed-Ahmed E. F., Utilization of Prune Juice or Puree as a Laxative for Constipation Pregnant Rats Induced Iron Intake during Pregnancy and the Impact on Newborns, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 342-351. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130206.23
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