Self-Reported Weight Patterns and Perceptions among Female Students of Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Survey
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2013, Pages: 360-365
Received: Jan. 12, 2014; Published: Feb. 20, 2014
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Authors
Suneetha Epuru, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
Ala’a Eideh, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
Shahida Banu Shamsuddeen, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
Sara Faraj Ammash Al Shamarry, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
Background: Young adults are known across the world for the concern for weight and their perceptions of weight are known to be influenced by factors like media, culture, societal norms, parental and peer group expectations. Objective: This study explores the associations between body mass index (BMI), weight perceptions, and attempts to lose weight in female university students from university of Hail. Methodology: Data were collected from 100 university female students, using self-reported weight, height, self, parent and peer perception of weight, and weight loss strategies. BMI was calculated from weight and height and was categorized into International and Asian clinical criteria. Results: The total mean age ± SD was 21.66 ± 1.39 years (range 19-25) and mean± SD BMI was 22.96 ± 3.74. Nearly 16 % and 4 % of study population were overweight and obese respectively according to BMI International cut off whereas around 34 % and 11 % of study population were overweight and obese respectively according to BMI Asian cut off. Self, parents and peer perceptions are either skewed towards underweight or obese indicating the need for educating the knowledge of actual BMI status in these populations. Currently 22 % agree that they are on dieting while 31 % agree that they do physical exercise as weight management strategy. Cohen’s Kappa suggests a very poor agreement of self-perception with actual weight status. Conclusions: Our study has shown that among female university students, there is significant misperception of weight, with one third of students misclassifying themselves. Weight perceptions were not good indicators for weight management practices.
Keywords
BMI, Weight Perception, Weight Control Behavior, Young Adults
To cite this article
Suneetha Epuru, Ala’a Eideh, Shahida Banu Shamsuddeen, Sara Faraj Ammash Al Shamarry, Self-Reported Weight Patterns and Perceptions among Female Students of Saudi Arabia: A Cross Sectional Survey, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2013, pp. 360-365. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20130206.25
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