Nutritional Status of Adolescents in Selected Government and Private Secondary Schools of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 504-514
Received: Oct. 4, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 14, 2014;
Published: Oct. 30, 2014
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Yoseph Gebreyohannes, Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Solomon Shiferaw, Department Public health, Medical faculty, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Balem Demtsu, Department of Midwifery, college of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Gessessew Bugssa, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
Background: Changes in the nutritional intake combined with increasingly sedentary life styles and increasing urbanization has led to the emergence of chronic disease as a major new health threat. Objective: To assess and compare nutritional status of adolescents and analyze the risk factors associated to/with overweight/obesity in government and private secondary schools of Addis Ababa, 2012. Methods: A comparative cross sectional study comprising 1024 adolescents of government and private secondary schools of Addis Ababa was conducted from February 02, 2012 to June 28, 2012. Information on socio-demographic data, eating habits and physical activity was collected using interviews. Measurements on weight and height were made using standardized weighing scales and measuring boards, respectively. Height-for-age and body mass index-for-age were compared to the 2007 WHO growth reference. Data were entered using Epi info version 3.5.1, WHO AnthroPlus and analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: Overall, the prevalence of stunting (low height-for-age), underweight (low body mass index-for-age) and overweight/obese (high body mass index-for-age) in all school adolescents was 7.2% (95% CI; 5.8, 9.0), 6.2% (95% CI; 4.9, 8.0) and 8.5% (95% CI; 6.9, 10.4), respectively. Adolescents in government schools were significantly more likely to be undernourished [stunting; 51(10.0%) versus 23(4.5%) and underweight; 36(7.0%) versus 28(5.5%)] compared to their counterparts in private schools (P-value <0.05). Adolescents in private schools were overweight/obese compared to those in government schools [65(12.7%) versus 22(4.3%); OR=3.2 (95% CI; 1.9, 5.3)]. Conclusions and recommendations: The findings of this investigation showed that being in a private school, lacking daily breakfast and consumption of animal products more than once a day are significantly associated with overweight/Obese during adolescence. Results of this study emphasize the need for educational interventions at early ages involving the whole family to promote optimal nutritional status.
Nutritional Status of Adolescents in Selected Government and Private Secondary Schools of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2014, pp. 504-514.
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