International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 519-525
Received: Oct. 2, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 17, 2014;
Published: Oct. 30, 2014
Views 2894 Downloads 169
Yossuef Nadra Sayed, Experimental Kitchen Research Unit, Food Technology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Abou Zekri Maha El- Sayed, Consltant Paediatrician Gastroenterology and Nutrition Specialized, Children Hospital, Cairo University, Egypt
Salem Amany Abd El-Fattah, Special Food and Nutrition Department, Food Technology Research Institute, ARC, Giza, Egypt
Infectious diarrhea is a common health problem among Egyptian infants and young children. It leads to high indicate of morbidly and mortality. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of socioeconomic status of the children, affected with diarrhea, on their diseases. Two hundred and ninety children suffering from diarrhea attending the outpatient clinic of Cairo University Children Hospital (Abul-Reech) during the summer time from May to August 2013 were enrolled in the study. A designed questionnaire sheet including some social parameters e.g. parents’ education, number of family members, feeding of the children were used. Nutritional status of patients enrolled were assessed by measuring their anthropometric measurements and compared to Growth Charts . The results indicated that the majority of mothers were illiterate. Most of children enrolled were aged 7 – 24 months, so they were receiving weaning foods with breastfeeding. The results also revealed that most of children had 6-10 motions/day and their stool were watery or watery with mucous. The majority of children had BMI normal percentiles. The results showed that a negative correlation between mother’s education and both number of family and diarrhea duration (p≤0.05). Also, there were a positive correlation between water sources and child’s homeland (p≤0.01). A negative correlation was found between water sources and fever (p≤0.05). Conclusion: These findings suggested that mother’s education, number of family members, sanitary water supply are crucial factories in affection of our children with infectious diarrhea diseases. Recommendation: The previous findings have important implications on policy for health intervention, and support the view that investing in female education may have substantial benefits on the child health. Also, reducing diarrhea dangers involves providing better water sources and sanitation for the entire population and hygiene of the person caring of the child.
Yossuef Nadra Sayed,
Abou Zekri Maha El- Sayed,
Salem Amany Abd El-Fattah,
Effect of Socioeconomic Status on Infectious Diarrhea in Egyptian Children, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2014, pp. 519-525.
WHO, World Health Organization, (2007). WHO child growth standards, head circumference-for- age, arm circumference-for- age, triceps skinfold-for- age and subscapular skinfold-for- age. Methods and Development. ISBN 9789241547185, printed in China, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region.
Liu, L.; Johnson, HL.; Cousens, S.; Perin, J.; Scott, S.; Lawn, JE.; Rudan, I.; Campbell, H.; Cibulskis, R.; Li, M.; Mathers, C. and Black, RE. (2012).Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality: an updated systematic analysis for 2010 with time trends since 2000. Lancet, 379:2151-61.
WHO, (2008) World Health Organization. WHO statistical Health Statistics. ISBN: 9789241563598. Printed in France.
Podewils L.J.; Mintz E.D.; Nataro J.P. and Parashar U.D. (2004). Acute, infectious diarrhea among children in developing countries. Semin Pediatr Infect Dis 15: 155–168.
Gerald T. Keusch, O F and Alok B. (2001). Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 371-388.
Khaled Y. (2000).Morbidity and risk factor of diarrheal diseases among under five children in rural Upper Egypt. Journal of Tropical pediatrics, 46: 282-287.
El-Zanaty, Fatma and Way, Ann. 2009. Egypt Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Cairo, Egypt: Ministry of Health, El-Zanaty and Associates, and Macro International (USAID and Unicef).
Black, RE; Cousens, S; Johnson, HL; Lawn, JE; Rudan, I; Bassani, DG; Jha, P; Campbell, H.; Walker, CF.; Cibulskis, R.; Eisele, T.; Liu, L. and Mathers C. (2010).Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2008: a systematic analysis. Lancet 375: 1969–1987.PubMed| Google Scholar
Chen KT.; Fan SF.; Tang RB.; Huang YF.; Lee PI.; Chen, PY.; Tang, CW. and Chen, HC. (2007). Hospital-based study of the economic burden associated with rotavirus diarrhea in Taiwan. Vaccine. May 22; 25 (21):4266-72. PubMed| Google Scholar
Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorel R (1988): edn. Human Kinetics Books: Champagne Illinois. Anthropometric standardization Reference Manual.
Lee, R.D. and Nieman, D.C. (2003). Nutritional Assessment. 3rd Ed. Publisher, Wheatley, C.H. pp. 530.
Jousilahti P, Madkour SM, Lambrechts T, Sherwin E. (1997). Diarrheal disease morbidity and home treatment practices in Egypt. Public Health;111(1):5-10. Google Scholar
Barakat, A. and Halawa, E.F. (2013). Household costs of seeking outpatient care in Egyptian children with diarrhea: a cross-sectional study. Pan African Medical Journal. pp.14:42.
Mohammed, S.; Tilahun, M. and Tamiru, D. (2013).Morbidity and Associated Factors of Diarrheal Diseases Among Under Five Children in Arba-Minch District, Southern Ethiopia. Science Journal of Public Health. 1(2): 102-106.
Wierzba, FT; Abdel-Messih AI; Abu-Elyazeed R; Putnam SD; Kamal KA; Rozmajzl P; Ahmed SF; Abdel-Fatah KZ; Shaheen HI; Sanders J and Frenck R (2006). Clinic-Based surveillance for Bacterial and Rotavirus-Associated Diarrhea in Egyptian children. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 74 (1), pp. 148 – 153.
Oadi, KO. and Kuitunen, M. (2005). Childhood diarrheal morbidity in the Accra Metropolitan Area, Ghana: Socio-economic, environmental and behavioral risk determinants. J Health Pop. Dev. Countries: 33-46.
Yilgwa, CS. and Okolo, S N. (2012). Prevalence of diarrhea disease and risk factors in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med; 11: 217-21.
Moore, SR; Lima, NL; Soares, AM; Ori, RB; Pinkerton, RC; Barret, LJ; Guerrant, RL and Lima, AA. (2010).Prolonged Episodes of Acute Diarrhea Reduce Growth and Increase Risk of Persistent Diarrhea in Children. Gastroenterology; 139:1156–1164.
Jalan, J., and Ravallion, M. (2003). Does Piped Water Reduce Diarrhoea for Children in Rural India? Journal of Econometrics112: 153–73.