Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dietary and Lifestyle Habits Among Medical Students in King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 650-655
Received: Oct. 8, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 16, 2015; Published: Oct. 28, 2015
Views 5917      Downloads 250
Eman Mokbel Alissa, Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, King A
Hend Alsawadi, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Ar
Asma Zedan, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Ar
Dalya Alqarni, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Ar
Maria Bakry, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Ar
Nojoud Bin Hli, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Ar
Article Tools
Follow on us
Knowing the medical students' knowledge, attitude and practices of nutritional and lifestyle habits helps to enhance the nutrition of the community, which will consequently lead to a healthier society, as they will constitute the main body of future physicians and professionals. We aimed to evaluate their nutrition knowledge, their eating habits and overall perception regarding importance of healthy eating habits of medical students of King Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study included 200 students between ages 19-24 years from basic and clinical levels in the faculty of medicine. A self-reported questionnaire was employed to assess perceived attitude and barriers to healthy practices by the study participants. Overall most medical students were aware of the importance of healthy eating habits yet they were not practicing it adequately in their daily life. Improving nutrition knowledge, attitude and dietary practices through nutritional education may help to prevent many nutrition-related diseases.
Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Medical Students, Saudi Arabia
To cite this article
Eman Mokbel Alissa, Hend Alsawadi, Asma Zedan, Dalya Alqarni, Maria Bakry, Nojoud Bin Hli, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dietary and Lifestyle Habits Among Medical Students in King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 650-655. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150406.18
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Green L and Kreuter M. Health Promotion Planning: An educational and ecological approach, 3rd ed. Educational and ecological assessment of factors affecting health-related behavior and environment. Mountain View, CA: Mayfiled 1999, pp152-157.
Cotugna, N.; Connie, E.; Vickery, R.D.; Sheldon, M. Sports Nutrition for Young Athletes. Journal Scandinavia Nutrition 2005; 21(6): 323–328.
O’Dea, A.J.; Abraham, S. Knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors related to weight control, eating disorders, and body image in Australian trainee home economics and physical education teachers. Journal Nutrition Education 2001; 33(6): 332-340.
Sakamaki R, Toyama K, Amamoto R, Liu CJ, Shinfuku N. Nutritional knowledge, food habits and health attitude of Chinese university students—a cross sectional study. Nutr J 2005; 4: 4.
Wardle J, Parmenter K and Waller J. Nutrition knowledge and food intake. Appetite 2000; 34(3): 269-275.
Kanz N and Becker M. The health belief model: A decade later. Health education Quaterly 1984; 11(1): 1-47.
Ortega RM, Redondo MR, Lopez-Sobaler AM, Quintas ME, Zamora MJ, Andres P, et al. Associations between obesity, breakfast-time food habits and intake of energy and nutrients in a group of elderly Madrid residents. J Am Coll Nutr 1996; 15: 65-72.
Webb E, Ashton CH, Kelly P, Kamah F. An update on British medical students' lifestyles. Med Educ 1998; 32: 325-31.
Ruka, S., K. Toyama, R. Amamoto, Ch. Liu, and N. Shinfuku. Nutritional knowledge, food habits and health attitude of Chinese university students-a cross sectional study, J. Nutr., 2005; 4(4): 1475-1480.
Georgia, S.; Guldan, Y.W.; Lin, Y.; Zhao, M.; Xiang, D.P.; Yang, L.; Long, F. Evaluation of a nutrition education activity for medical student in china. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1993; 2(8): 71-76.
Hendrie, G.A., J. Coveney, D. Cox. Exploring nutrition knowledge and the demographic variation in knowledge levels in an Australian community sample. Pub. Health. Nutr., 2008; 11(12): 1365-71.
Lowry, R., D.A. Galuska, J.E. Fulton, H. Wechsler, L. Kann and J.L. Collins Jan. Physical activity and weight management goals and practices among US college students. Am. J. Prev. Med., 2000; 18: 18-27.
Chang, S.L. Survey on health knowledge of college student in the middle area of Taiwan. J. Pub. Health., 1987; 14: 250-273.
O’Dea, A. Jennifer. School-based health education strategies for the improvement of body image and prevention of eating problems. An overview of safe and successful interventions. J. Health Educ., 2004; 105(1): 11-33.
Robinson-O'Brien, R., N. Larson, D. Neumarkof-Sztainer, P. Hannan and M. Story. Characteristics and dietary patterns of adolescents who value eating locally grown, organic, nongenetically engineered and no processed food. J. Nutr. Educ. Behav., 2009; 41(1): 11-8.
Carter AO, Elzubeir M, Abdulrazzaq YM, Revel AD, Townsend A. Health and lifestyle needs assessment of medical students in the United Arab Emirates. Med Teac 2003; 25: 492-6.
Silliman K, Rodas-Fortier K, Neyman M. A Survey of Dietary and Exercise Habits and Perceived Barriers to Following a Healthy Lifestyle in a College Population. Californian J Health Promot 2004; 18: 281.
Khawla M, Landman J, Musaiger A. Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices: a comparison between medical practitioners and medical students. Bahrain. Health Education 2003; 104 (2): 90-99.
Troyer D, Ullrich IH, Yeater RA, Hopewell R. Physical activity and condition, dietary habits, and serum lipids in second-year medical students. J Am Coll Nutr 1990; 9: 303-7.
Du S, Lu B, Zhai F, Popkin BM: A new stage of the nutrition transition in China. Public Health Nutr 2002; 5: 169-74.
Conroy MB, Delichatsios HK, Haffler JP, Rigotti NA. Impact of preventive medicine and nutrition curriculum for medical students. Am J preventive medicine 2004; 27: 77-80.
Read, M., & Schlenker, E. D. Food selection patterns among the aged. In J. M. Smith (Ed.), Nutrition in Aging 1993;pp. 45–53. 2nd ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Inc.
Harvey-Berino J, Hood V, Rourke J, Terrance T, Dorwaldt A, Secker-Walker R. Food preferences predict eating behavior of very young Mohawk children. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997; 97(7): 750-3.
Rafferty AP, Anderson JV, McGee HB, Miller CE. A healthy diet indicator: quantifying compliance with the dietary guidelines using the BRFSS. Prev Med. 2002; 35: 9–15.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186