Efficient Methods for Polyphenol Oxidase Production
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 656-659
Received: Oct. 12, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 21, 2015; Published: Nov. 3, 2015
Views 5093      Downloads 164
Kamal-Alahmad , School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China; Laboratory of Food Enzymology and Food Chemistry, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
Mohammed Abdalbasit A. Gasmalla, Laboratory of Food Enzymology and Food Chemistry, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China
Hala Alyousef, Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Alfurat, Deir Ezzor, Syria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Polyphenol oxidases are enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of certain phenolic substrates to quinones in the presence of molecular oxygen. Polyphenol oxidases are widely used in several applications. In food industry, they are used for enhancement of flavor in coffee, tea and cocoa production, and determination of food quality. In medicine, they have several uses in treatments of Parkinson’s disease, phenlyketonurea and leukemia. In wastewater treatment, they are used for the removal of phenolic pollutants from wastewaters. In pharmaceutical industry differentiation of morphine from codeine is possible by means of polyphenol oxidase immobilized electrodes. Although many details about structure and probably function of PPO have been revealed in this review.
PPO, Quinine, Applications, Enzymatic Browning, Mechanisms and Functions
To cite this article
Kamal-Alahmad , Mohammed Abdalbasit A. Gasmalla, Hala Alyousef, Efficient Methods for Polyphenol Oxidase Production, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2015, pp. 656-659. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150406.19
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Baker, G. C., S. Gaffar, D. A. Cowan, and A. R. Suharto. 2001. Bacterial community analysis of Indonesian hot springs. Fems Microbiology Letters200 (1):103-109.
Boyd TJ, Carlucci AF., 1993, “Degradation rates of substituted phenols by natural populations of marine bacteria”, Aquatic Toxicology, Vol. 25, pp. 71– 82.
Claus, H., and H. Decker. 2006. Bacterial tyrosinases. Syst Appl Microbiol29 (1):3-14.
Cowan, M. M., E. A. Horst, S. Luengpailin, and R. J. Doyle. 2000. Inhibitory effects of plant polyphenoloxidase on colonization factors of Streptococcus sobrinus.
Chunhua Shi, Ya Dai, Bingle Xia, Xiaolong Xu, Yongshu Xie, Qingliang Liu.,. 2001. “The Purification and Spectral Properties of Polyphenol Oxidase I from Nicotiana tabacum”, Plant. Mol. Biol. Reporter.
Fernandez, E., A. Sanchez-Amat, and F. Solano. 1999. Location and catalytic characteristics of a multipotent bacterial polyphenol oxidase. Pigment Cell Research12 (5):331-339.
Gerday, Charles. 2007. Physiology and biochemistry of extremophiles. Washington D.C: ASM Press.
Hernandez-Romero, D., A. Sanchez-Amat, and F. Solano. 2006. A tyrosinase with an abnormally high tyrosine hydroxylase/dopa oxidase ratio. FEBS J273 (2):257-70.
Hough, D. W., and M. J. Danson. 1999. Extremozymes. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology3 (1):39-46.
Iyer, P. V., and L. Ananthanarayan. 2008. Enzyme stability and stabilization - Aqueous and non-aqueous environment. Process Biochemistry43 (10):1019-1032.
Anderson, J.V., Morris, C.F., 2003. Purification and analysis of wheat grain polyphenol oxidase (PPO) protein. Cereal Chem. 80, 135–143.
Burton, S.G., 2003. Laccases and polyphenol oxidases in organic synthesis - a review. Current Org. Chem. 7, 1317–1331.
Oktay, M., I. Kufrevioglu, I. Kocacaliskan, and H. Sakiroglu. 1995. Polyphenoloxidase from Amasya Apple. Journal of Food Science60 (3):494-496.
Queiroz, C., M. L. M. Lopes, E. Fialho, and V. L. Valente-Mesquita. 2008. Polyphenol oxidase: Characteristics and mechanisms of browning control. Food Reviews International24 (4):361-375.
Rodriguez Couto, S., and J. L. Toca Herrera. 2006. Industrial and biotechnological applications of laccases: a review. Biotechnol Adv24 (5):500-13.
Ishigami, T., Yamada Y., 1988, “Characterization of polyphenol oxidase from Chaetomium thermophile, a thermophilic fungus”, Journal of General and Applied Microbiology, Vol. 34, pp. 401-407.
Mayer A. M., 1987. “Polyphenol oxidases in plants- recent progress Photochemistry. Vol. 11, pp. 11-20.
Jacobson, E.S., 2000.Pathogenic roles for fungal melanins. Clin Microbiol. Rev. 13, 708–717.
Dogan, S., Turan, Y., Erturk, H., Arslan, O., 2005b. Characterization and purification of polyphenol oxidase from artichoke.
Gooding, P.S., Bird, C., Robinson, S.P., 2001. Molecular cloning and characterisation of banana fruit polyphenol oxidase. Planta 213,748.
Motoda, S., 1998, “Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from Trametes sp.”, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol. 87, pp 137-143.
Maloveryan A, Trapido M, Sillak H, Kahru A., 2001, “Study of the environmental hazard caused by the oil-shale industry solid waste.
Vollhardt, K. P. C., Schore N. E., Organic Chemistry: Structure and Function of PPO New York, c1998.
Ziyan E, Pekyardimci S., 2003. Characterization of polyphenol oxidase from Jerusalem atichole”, Turk. J. Chem, Vol. 27, pp. 217-225.
Maki, H., Morohashi, Y., 2006.Development of polyphenol oxidase activity in the micropylar endosperm of tomato seeds. J. Plant Physiology.
Kuwabara, T., Masuda, T., Aizawa, S., 1997. A dithiothreitol-sensetive tetrameric protease from spinach thylakoids has polyphenol oxidase activity. Plant Cell Physiol. 38, 179–187.
Motoda S, 1979a, “Properties of Polyphenol oxidase from Alternaria tenuis. Journal of Fermentation Technology, Vol. 57, pp. 79-85.
Oktay, M., I. Kufrevioglu, I. Kocacaliskan, and H. Sakiroglu. 1995. Polyphenoloxidase from Amasya Apple. Journal of Food Science.
Hatayama, M., Isono, Y., Sato, T., Watanabe, R., Yonekura Sakakibara, K., et al., 2006. Localization of a flavanoid biosynthetic polyphenol oxidase in vacuoles. Plant J. 45, 133–143.
Motoda, S., 1999, Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from apple. MS39401”, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186