Investigation of Nutritional Status of the Butter Catfish Ompok bimaculatus: An Important Freshwater Fish Species in the Diet of Common Bangladeshi People
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2016, Pages: 62-67
Received: Jan. 17, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 26, 2016; Published: Feb. 23, 2016
Views 3424      Downloads 104
Authors
Sayad Md. Didarul Alam, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Md. Hasanul Karim, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Aninda Chakrabortty, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Ruhul Amin, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Sohel Hasan, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Due to the availability throughout the all seasons and tastiness, butter catfish Ompok bimaculatus gained immense commercial importance as well as greater consumer preference in South-East Asian countries. It significantly contributes to the local fisheries production. In order to explore information on nutritional status of this commercially important fish species, the present study was carried out as such information is not available. Our study showed that this fish species is highly rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. The percentage of total polyunsaturated fatty acids was found to be 40.92 followed by 26.54% of total monounsaturated fatty acids, indicating excellent nutritive value of this fish species. Amino acid analysis showed that the fish flesh contains essential amino acids like leucine, lysine, threonine, phenylalanine, valine and isoleucine in a significant amount. The ratio of essential to non-essential amino acid is 0.89 indicating its superior protein quality. The mineral profiling also showed that this species is rich in K, Ca, Na, Mg and Fe with other minerals. The present study showed that Ompok bimaculatus is a good source of lean meat and trace elements, especially Zn and Mn. Furthermore, exploration of vitamin contents showed that fat soluble vitamins like vitamin A, D, E and K are present in a considerable amount which is beneficial to health.
Keywords
PUFA (Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid), EAA (Essential Amino Acid), Nutrient Profile, Butter Catfish, AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer)
To cite this article
Sayad Md. Didarul Alam, Md. Hasanul Karim, Aninda Chakrabortty, Ruhul Amin, Sohel Hasan, Investigation of Nutritional Status of the Butter Catfish Ompok bimaculatus: An Important Freshwater Fish Species in the Diet of Common Bangladeshi People, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2016, pp. 62-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160501.19
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Belton B., Karim M., Thilsted S., Jahan K. M., Collis W. and Phillips M. 2011. Review of aquaculture and fish consumption in Bangladesh. Studies and Reviews 2011-53. The World Fish Center, Penang, p. 76.
[2]
Roos N., Wahab M. A., Hossain M. A. R. and Thilsted S. H. 2007. Linking human nutrition and fisheries: incorporating micronutrient dense, small indigenous fish species in carp poly culture production in Bangladesh. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 28 (2), pp. S280–S293 (Suppl).
[3]
Minkin S. F., Rahman M. M. and Halder S. 1997. Fish biodiversity, human nutrition and environmental restoration in Bangladesh. In: Open water Fisheries of Bangladesh (Tsai, C. & Ali, M. Y., eds.), pp. 75–88. The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[4]
Hels O., Hassan N., Tetens H. and Thilsted S. H. 2002. Food consumption, energy and nutrient intake and nutritional status in rural Bangladesh: changes from 1981–82 to 1995–96. Eur. J. Clin. Nutr. 57: 586–594
[5]
Osman H., Suriah A. R. and Law E. C. 2001. Fatty acid composition and cholesterol content of selected marine fish in malaysian waters. J. Food Chem., 73: 55-60.
[6]
Iso H., Rexrode K. M. and Stampfer M. J. 2001. Intake of fish and omega-3 fatty acids and risk of stroke in women. JAMA285: 304-312.
[7]
Nagakura T., Matsuda S., Shichijyo H. and Hata K. 2000. Dietary supplementation with fish oil rich in omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with bronchial asthma. EurRespir J, 16: 861-865.
[8]
Breslow J. S. 2006. n-3 fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. Am J Clin Nutr 83(6 Suppl): 1477S–1482S.
[9]
Silva J. J. and Chamul R. S. 2000. Composition of marine and fresh water finfish and shell fish species and their products. In: RE Martin, EP Carter, EJ Flick and LM Davis (Eds.), Marine and fresh water products handbook, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA, 31-46 pp.
[10]
Kongsbak K., Thilsted S. H., Wahed M. A. 2008. Effect of consumption of the nutrient-dense, fresh water small fish Amblypharyngodon mola on biochemical indicators of vitamin A status in Bangladeshi children: a randomized, controlled study of efficacy. Br J Nutr 99: 581–597.
[11]
Bechtel, P. J. and Oliveira, A. C. M. 2006. Characterization of liver lipid and protein from cold-water fish species. J. Food Sci., 7: 480-485. doi: 10.1111/j.17503841.2006.00076.x.
[12]
Thilsted S. H., Roos N. and Hassan N. 1997. The role of small indigenous fish species in food and nutrition security in Bangladesh. Naga, the ICLARM Quarterly, 20(3-4), 82-84; 102.
[13]
Alam S. M. D., Uddin M. S. and Hasan S. 2015. Extraction, biochemical analysis and characterization of oil and lecithin from two selected fish species. International J. of Biosciences (IJB), vol. 7, No. 6, p. 92-102.
[14]
Stoffer W, Florence CHU, Ahrens E. 1959. Analysis of long chain fatty acids by Gas Liquid Chromatography. Anal Chem. 31: 307-308.
[15]
AOCS. 1998. Official method and recommended practices of the AOCS, American Oil Chemists’ Society, Volume I & II. III.
[16]
Ishida Y., Fujita T. and Arai K. 1981. New detection and separation method for amino acid by high performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr 204: 143–148.
[17]
Sastry C. S. P. and Tammuru M. K. 1985. Spectrophotometric determination of tryptophan in protein. J. Food Sci. Technol. 22: 146–147.
[18]
Okorie I. A. 2010. Determination of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) and an assessment of environmental health risk from environmental matrices. A PhD Thesis, Northumbria University, Newcastle, North East of England.
[19]
Chatzimichalakis P. M., Samanidou V. F. andPapadoyannis J. N. 2004. Development of validated liquid chromatography method for the simultaneous determination of eight fat-soluble vitamins in biological fluids after solid-phase extraction. J. Chromatogr. B805: 289–296.
[20]
Bratu A., Mihalache M., Hanganu A., Chira N. A., Todaşcă M. C. and Roşca S. 2013. Quantitative determination of fatty acids from fish oils using Gc-Ms method and 1h-NMR Spectroscopy. U. P. B. Sci. Bull., Series B, Vol. 75, Iss. 2, ISSN 1454-2331.
[21]
Mohanty S. N. and Kaushik S. J. 1991. Whole body amino acid composition of Indian major carps and its significance. Aquat Living Resour 4: 61–64.
[22]
Mohanty B. P., Paria P., Das D., Ganguly S., Mitra P., Verma A., Sahoo S., Mahanty A., Aftabuddin M., Behera B. K., Sankar T. V. and Sharma A. P. 2012. Nutrient Profile of Giant River-Catfish Sperata seenghala (Sykes). Natl. Acad. Sci. Lett. 35(3): 155–161.
[23]
Swendseid M. E., Villalobos J. and Friedrich B. 1963. Ratios of essential-to-nonessential amino acids in plasma from rats fed different kinds and amounts of proteins and amino acids. J. Nutr80: 99–102.
[24]
Pinto J. F., Nunes M. L. and Cardoso C. 2007. Feeding interruption and quality of cultured gilthead sea bream. Food Chem. 100: 1504–1510.
[25]
Musa A. S. M. 2009. Nutritional quality components of indigenous fresh water fish species, Puntius stigma in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J Sci Indu Res 44: 367–370.
[26]
Gopakumar K. 1997. Biochemical composition of Indian food fish. Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR), Cochin.
[27]
Roos N., Islam M. M., Thilsted S. H. 2003. Small fish is an important dietary source of vitamin A and calcium in rural Bangladesh. J. Nutr 133: 4021S–4026S.
[28]
Gulfraz M., Ahmad T., Afal H. 2001. Concentration levels of heavy and trace metals in the fish and relevant water from Rawaland Mangla lakes. J. BiolSci 1: 414–416
[29]
Tulchinsky T. H. and Varavikova E. A. 2009. Nutrition and food safety. In: The new public health, 2nd edn. Elsevier Academic Press, SanDiego, p 310.
[30]
Gopakumar K. 1997. Biochemical composition of Indian food fish. Central Institute of Fisheries Technology (ICAR), Cochin.
[31]
World Health Organization. 1990. Environmental health criteria101: methyl mercury. WHO, Geneva.
[32]
Agarwal R., Kumar R. and Behari J. R. 2007. Mercury and lead content in fish species from the river Gomti, Lucknow, India, as biomarkers of contamination. Bull Environ ContamToxicol 78: 118–122.
[33]
FAO/WHO Expert committee of food additives (1983), 27th report, Technical Report Series No. 696, World Health Organization, Geneva.
[34]
De Gieter M., Leermakers M., Van Ryssen R., Noyen J., Goeyens L and Baeyens W. 2002. Total and toxic arsenic levels in North Sea fish. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 43: 406–417.
[35]
Roos N., Islam M. M., Thilsted S. H. 2003. Small fish is an important dietary source of vitamin A and calcium in rural Bangladesh. J. Nutr 133: 4021S–4026S.
[36]
Mohanty B. P., Sudheesan D., Sankar T. V., Das M. K. and Sharma A. P. 2011. Therapeutic value of fish. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata, India. Bulletin No. 170. http://www.cifri.ernet.in/ebulletins.html.
[37]
Liu R. H. 2003. Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals. Am JClinNutr 78(suppl): 517S–520S.
[38]
Byers T. 2010. Anticancer vitamins du Jour--The ABCED's so far. Am. J. Epidemiol. (Review) 172 (1): 1–3.).
[39]
Wharton B. and Bishop N. 2003. Rickets. Lancet 2003; 362: 1389-400.
[40]
Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board, Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC:National Academy Press, 2010.
[41]
Halver J. E. 2002. The vitamins. In: Halver JE, Hardy RW (eds) Fish nutrition. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 61–141.
[42]
Hamre K., Berge R. K. and Lie O. 1998. Turnover of a-, c- and d- tocopherol and distribution in subcellular and ipoprotein fractions indicate presence of an hepatic tocopherol binding protein in Atlantic salmon (Salmosalar L.). Fish Physiol Biochem 8: 71–83.
[43]
Beveridge M. C. M., Thilsted S. H., Phillips M. J., Metian M., Troell M., and Hall S. J. 2013. Meeting the food and nutrition needs of the poor: the role of fish and the opportunities and challenges emerging from the rise of aquaculture. J Fish Biol. 83(4): 1067–1084.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186