Malnutrition Among Basic Schools’ Children of Elshagalwa Village, Shendi Locality, Sudan
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 2, March 2016, Pages: 134-138
Received: Feb. 11, 2016; Accepted: Mar. 5, 2016; Published: Mar. 28, 2016
Views 3318      Downloads 82
Authors
Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan
Esam-Eddin Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Department of ENT, Faculty of Medicine, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
In this cross-sectional community based study, first class children of six basic school children (three male schools and three female schools) of Elshagalwa village, north of Shendi town were subjected to determine their nutritional status by assessing total serum protein and serum albumin. The method s of our study included a questionnaire in order to determine the nutrition status of child; usually consumed foodstuff and socioeconomic status of child’s family, and biochemical parameters such as total serum protein and serum albumin. The study showed that the mean ± SD of total serum protein and serum albumin of study sample were 6.4 ± 0.9 g/dl and 4.0 ± 0.6 g/dl respectively. The present study also revealed that most of pupils had normal nutrition status (87.2%) and 12.8% of children were suffering from malnutrition, 5.6% of them were with moderate malnutrition, 94.4% with mild malnutrition and there are no cases with severe malnutrition. The study suggested that the child sex (gender) showed no effect on children nutritional status, parents’ education level particularly of mothers had a positive effect on nutritional status and family size had a negative effect on nutritional status.
Keywords
Khalwa, Kissra, Malnutrition, Mild, Moderate, Malnourished
To cite this article
Faroug Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Esam-Eddin Bakheit Mohamed Ahmed, Malnutrition Among Basic Schools’ Children of Elshagalwa Village, Shendi Locality, Sudan, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2016, pp. 134-138. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160502.17
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Dodge P. R., Prensky A. L. and Feign R. D. (1975). Nutrition and the developing nervous system. C. V. Mosby Company. pp 180-82.
[2]
Nelson W. E., Richard E. B and Robert M. K. (1996). Textbook of pediatrics. W. B. Sanders company - London, 15thedition, p 144.
[3]
Estwood M. (1997). Principles of human nutrition, Chapman and Hall, London, 1st edition, p 508.
[4]
RanaEjaz Ali Khan and Muhammad Ali Raza. (2014). Nutrition status of children in Bangladesh: measuring composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) and its determinants. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 2014, Vol. 8 (1), 11-23.
[5]
World Health Organization (1995). The state of child in the Eastern Mediterranean region. EMR, business man publication, series 4, 2nd ed. Revised, p 47-167.
[6]
Bennion M. (1985). Introductory food. 8th ed. Macmillan publishing company, New York: p 63.
[7]
Passmore R. and Eastwood M. A. (1986). Davidson and Passmore Human Nutrition and Dietetic. 8thed. Churchill living stone, Edinburge, pp 90, 117, 422.
[8]
World Health Organization (2016). Malnutrition, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent. www.who.int/maternal-child-adolescent.
[9]
Beers, Mark H., MD, and Robert Berkow, MD, editors. "Malnutrition." Section 1, Chapter 2. In The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories, 2004.
[10]
Hunger and malnutrition. www.Kidshealth.org/parent/growth/feeding/hunger.html
[11]
Black RE, Morris SS, Bryce J. Where and why are10 million children dying every year? Lancet 2003; 361: 2226-34.
[12]
Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de OnisM, Ezzati M et al.; Maternal and Child UndernutritionStudy Group. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 2008; 371: 243-60.
[13]
Dooling K., Feikin D., Talley L, and Robert F. Breiman R. (2011). Nutritional status of under-five children living in an informal urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. J Health PopulNutr 2011 Aug; 29(4): 357-363.
[14]
Flancbaum, Louis, MD, with Erica Manfred and Deborah Biskin. The Doctor's Guide to Weight Loss Surgery. West Hurley, NY: Fredonia Communications, 2001.
[15]
Goel MK, Mishra R, Gaur DR, Das A. Nutrition surveillance in 1-6 years old children in urban slums of a city in northern India. Internet J Epidemiol2007; 5: 1.
[16]
United Nations Children’s Fund. Kenya civil unrest: UNICEF responds to the immediate needs for children and women affected by post-election violence. Nairobi: United Nations Children’s Fund, 2008: 3.
[17]
Ezzati M., Lopez A. D., Rodgers A., Hoorn S. Vander, Murray C. J. Comparative Risk Assessment Collaborating Group. Selected Major Risk Factors and Global and Regional Burden of Disease. Lancet. 2002; 360(9343): 1342–43.
[18]
World Food Programme. (2016). https://www.wfp.org/hunger/malnutrition
[19]
Caballero B. Early Nutrition and Risk of Disease in the Adult. Public Health Nutrition. 2001; 4(6A): 1335–36.
[20]
Gluckman P. D., Hanson M. A. Living with the Past: Evolution, Development, and Patterns of Disease. Science. 2004; 305(5691): 1733–36.
[21]
UNICEF (2015). Child survival. Nutritional and food security. UNICEF works to give kids a healthy start. www.unicefusa.org/mission/survival/nutrition
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186