Gender Differences in Anthropometric Indices Among Primary School Children in Delta South-Senatorial District, Delta State Nigeria
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages: 220-223
Received: Jan. 13, 2016;
Accepted: Feb. 17, 2016;
Published: May 17, 2016
Views 3168 Downloads 110
Ogbe Joseph Ogheneruese, Department of Physical and Health Education, Delta State University, Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria
Ekuremu Joy, Ministry of Health, Delta State Primary Health Agency, Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria
Follow on us
Purpose: the purpose of this study was to assess gender differences in anthropometrics of weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and mid upper-arm-circumference. Method: the method was the exploratory study design. The sampled population was 510 primary school children between the ages of 6 – 12 years obtained by multi-stage sampling techniques along with simple ballot method. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Data were obtained through the use of weighing bathroom scale, standiometer, tape and calculating BMI from wt (kg)/ht(m)2. Findings: there was no significant difference between weight and reference standard weight; between height and reference standard height; between muac and reference standard muac. It was found that boys have advantage over girls in weight, body mass index and mid upper-arm-circumference, while height was equal in both genders. There was no significant difference in weight and reference standard weight, in height and reference standard height except in bmi and reference standard bmi. It was found that gender anthropometric was not significantly different from the international reference standard. It was evident from this study that there was no gender difference in anthropometric measures among children in this study. Recommendation: it was recommended that the present nutritional status of children be maintained and regular growth monitoring of children as health surveillance as to maintain the status and detect early warning signs, among others.
Anthropometric, Gender, Health, Nutritional, Children, Delta – Nigeria
To cite this article
Ogbe Joseph Ogheneruese,
Gender Differences in Anthropometric Indices Among Primary School Children in Delta South-Senatorial District, Delta State Nigeria, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2016, pp. 220-223.
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Amosu A. M, Degun A. M, Atulomah N. O. S & Olanrewju (2011). A study of the Nutritional status of under 5 children of low-income earners in a South – Western Nigeria Community Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences 3 (6): 578–585.
Amuta, E. U. & Houmson, R. S. (2009). Assessment of nutritional status of children in Makurdi, Benue state. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: 169–694. DOI: 10.3923/pjn - 2009. 691.694.
Areoye, M. O. (2004) Research methodology with a statistics. Nathadex Publishers Ilorin, 128.
Centre for Disease control and prevention (2006). Overweight and obesity. Retrieved March (2009) from www.cdc.gov/needphp/dnpa/obesity.
Cogil, B., (2003). Anthropometric indicators measurement guide, USAID.
Goon, D. T., Abel, L. T, Shaw, B. S., Amusa, I. O., Monyeki, M. A., Akinyeni, O., & Alabi, O. (2001). Anthropometrically determined nutritional status of urban primary school children in Makurdi, Nigeria, Public Health Journal 11. 769.
Hafiz, A, Ibrahim, A. Y, Atiku, M. K. (2012). Nutritional status of Adolescents from selected secondary schools in Katsina state, Nigeria. Nigeria Journal of Nutritional Sciences, 33 (2): 12 – 14.
Jaswal, S., Grewal, G., Vig. D, & Gulanti, J. (2003). Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status of primary school boys 6-8 years, Punjab Journal of Human Ecology 14 (1) 63-66.
Ministry of Education, Asaba (2010). Update of Student enrollment in primary school 2010.
National Centre for Health and Statistics (NCHS 2000).
Nwokoro, S. O., Ifeda, K., Onochei, O. & Olomu, J. (2006). Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status and growth of 10 – 20 years old individuals in Benin-City (Nigeria) metropolis. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 2006. 5: 117–121.
Ogbe, J. O & Ekuremu, J. (2016). Anthropometric Indices as Determinant of Health Status among primary School Children in Delta South-Senatorial District, Delta State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition (in print).
WHO (2000) “World Health Report” Geneva.
Yunusa, I, Atiku, M. K., Abubakar, H. (2011). Socio-economic status and dietary eating habits amongst adolescents in Kano metropolis Nigeria. BEST Journal 8 (3): 217–222.