Optimization of Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Milk Extraction Using Response Surface Methodology
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 384-394
Received: Aug. 23, 2016; Accepted: Sep. 3, 2016; Published: Oct. 18, 2016
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Authors
Victor Ephraim Edem, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Aniekpeno Isaac Elijah, Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
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Abstract
Coconut milk provides health benefits due to its medium chain fatty acids and is widely utilized in the food industry. However, there seems to be inadequate information on the optimal extraction conditions for coconut milk. In this study, a response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD) was employed to optimize the extraction time (X1), extraction temperature (X2) and particle size of coconut meat (X3) for coconut milk extraction. Yield, pH, viscosity and total solid content of coconut milk were evaluated as responses. Regression models were generated and adequacy tested with lack of fit test and coefficient of determination (R2). The results showed that extraction time; extraction temperature and particle size of coconut meat had significant (p˂ 0.05) effects on responses. The R2 for yield, pH, viscosity, and total solid content of coconut milk were 0.9976, 0.7352, 0.6748 and 0.9787 respectively. Optimum extraction time, temperature and particle size of coconut meat with the highest desirability index of 0.797 was 15 min, 40°C and ≤ 1617 µm respectively, while optimum yield, pH, viscosity, and total solid content of coconut milk were estimated at 61.129%, 6.6, 2.85 cp and 16.01% respectively. The experimental results obtained validate the predicted model within the acceptable range of the responses. The results also suggest that the obtained model is acceptable for the maximum milk yield and improved quality consistency.
Keywords
Coconut Milk, Optimization, Response Surface Methodology, Central Composite Design
To cite this article
Victor Ephraim Edem, Aniekpeno Isaac Elijah, Optimization of Coconut (Cocos nucifera) Milk Extraction Using Response Surface Methodology, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 384-394. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160506.13
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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