Impact of the Nutritional Status of the Schoolchildren of Yopougon, Town of the District Abidjan (Côte D’Ivoire) on Their School Performance
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 407-412
Received: Oct. 6, 2016; Accepted: Oct. 17, 2016; Published: Nov. 7, 2016
Views 2536      Downloads 83
Authors
Zahe Kollet Yao Aimé Sylvere, Laboratory Nutrition and Pharmacology, UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Méité Alassane, Laboratory Nutrition and Pharmacology, UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Ouattara Howelé, UFR Biologic sciences, University Péléforo Gon Coulibaly, Korhogo, Côte d’Ivoire
Dally Theodor, UFR Environnement, University Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire
Kouame Koffi Gustave, Laboratory Nutrition and Pharmacology, UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
AKÉ-Tano Odile, National institute of Public Health, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Kati-Coulibaly Séraphin, Laboratory Nutrition and Pharmacology, UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
This study was to evaluate the impact of nutritional status on the academic performance of pupils from two schools in Yopougon, a town of Abidjan district the largest city in Côte d’Ivoire.For this purpose, anthropometric measures such as weight and height measured in these schoolchildren were allowed to calculate their Body Mass Index (BMI) and to make a classification of BMI obtained according to age and sex. The mathematical scores, text operations and the class average were identified. The values were exploited statistically through SPSS software (version 20). Malnutrition concerns girls and boys. It has allocated 10.13% girls and 10.13% boys. As for overweight or obesity, 0.84% and 5.06% for boys and girls respectively were affected. However, no correlation existed between nutritional status and the various school performances. Thus, forms of malnutrition concerned by our study do not influence school performance.
Keywords
Nutritional Status, Anthropometry, Students, School Performance, Côte d’Ivoire
To cite this article
Zahe Kollet Yao Aimé Sylvere, Méité Alassane, Ouattara Howelé, Dally Theodor, Kouame Koffi Gustave, AKÉ-Tano Odile, Kati-Coulibaly Séraphin, Impact of the Nutritional Status of the Schoolchildren of Yopougon, Town of the District Abidjan (Côte D’Ivoire) on Their School Performance, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2016, pp. 407-412. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160506.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
N. W. Solomons, La dénutrition dans les pays en voie de développement – des aspects évolutifs. Ann Nestlé [Fr]; 2009, 67:74–86.
[2]
D. M. Onis, E. A. Frongillo and M. Blossner, Is malnutrition declining? An analysis of change in levels of child malnutrition since 1980. Bull. World HealthOrgan, 2000, 10: 1222-1223.
[3]
C. Perez-Rodrigo, K. I. Klepp, A. Yngve, M. Sjostrom, L. Stockley, J. Aranceta. The school setting: an opportunity for the implementation of dietary guidelines. Public Health Nutr. 2001 Apr; 4(2B):717-24.
[4]
C. Best, N. Neufingerl, V. L. Geel, V. D. T. Briel, S. Osendarp, The nutritional status of school-aged children: why should we care? Food Nutr Bull. 2010, 31(3):400-417.
[5]
A. Baharudin, A. A. Zainuddin, R. Selamat, S. A. Ghaffar, K. G. Lin, P. B. Koon, N. A. Karim, K. C. Cheong, N. C. Kai, N. A. Ahmad, S. M. Sallehuddin and T. Aris, Malnutrition among Malaysian Adolescents: Findings fromNational Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2011. International Journal of Public Health Research 2013, 3(2):282-289.
[6]
N. M. Bleyere, A. B. Kokore, B. A. Konan and A. P. Yapo, Prevalence of child malnutrition through their anthropometric indices in school canteens of Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire). Pakistan journal of nutrition 2013, 12(1):60-70.
[7]
K. E. Kramoh, Y. N. K. N'goran, E. AKE-Traboulsi, B. C. Boka, D. E. Harding, D. B. Koffi, F. Koffi, M. K. Guikahue, Prévalence de l'obésité en milieu scolaire en Côte d'Ivoire, Annales de cardiologie et d'angéiologie, 2012, 61(3) 145-149.
[8]
Ernesto Pollitt, nutrition and educational achievement nutrition education series1984, p 40.
[9]
M. El Houi, A. Soualem, A. O. T. Ahami, Y. Aboussaleh, S. Rusinek, K. Dik Caractéristiques sociodémographiques et anthropométriques en relation avec les performances scolaires dans une école rurale de la ville de Kenitra (Maroc), Antropo, 2008, 17,25-30.
[10]
D. L. Pelletier and E. A. Frongillo, Changes in child survival are strongly associatedwithchanges in malnutrition in developing countries. Journal of Nutrition. 2003, 133:107-119.
[11]
K. Ateillah, Y. Aboussaleh, S. Rachid, S. Ahami, Evaluation nutritionnelle et son impact sur la performance scolaire des écoliers ruraux de la région de sidi Taybi dans la province de Kenitra (MAROC). Antropo, 2012, 28: 71-76.
[12]
Lemaitre clarisse, Nourrir son cerveau… au senspropre! Nutrition et sante, les lettres d’info valorial n° 2015, 88. 5 P
[13]
M. Sacko, N. Roschnik, I. Maiga, E. Gorsline Evaluation de l’état de santé et le Statut nutritionnel des enfants scolarisés des écoles communautaires du cercle de konlondiéba. Rapport de l’enquête préliminaire du programme de santé scolaireBamako2000.
[14]
OMS. Utilisation et interprétation de l’anthropométrie. Rapport d’un comité OMS d’experts. Série de rapports techniques, n°8541995, 182-291.
[15]
T. J. Cole, M. C. Bellizzi, K. M. Flegal and W. H. Dietz Establishing a standard definition for childoverweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BJM, 2000, 320:1-6.
[16]
T. J. Cole, K. M. Flegal, D. Nicholls and A. A. Jackson Body mass index cut offs to define thinnessin children and adolescents: international survey. BJM, 2007, 335:194-197.
[17]
C. Daboné, H. F. Delisle and O. Receveur, Poor nutritional status of schoolchildren in urban and periurban areas of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso). Nutrition journal of Pakistan, 2011, 10:34-34.
[18]
PNUD. Rapport mondial sur le développement humain, 2006. In media http://hdr. Undp.org/en/ media/HDR_contents.pdf consulté le 03/08/2016.
[19]
B. Maire, S. Lioret, A. Gartner, F. Delpeuch, Transition nutritionnelle et maladies chroniques non transmissibles liées à l'alimentation dans les pays en développement. Cahiers d'études et de recherches francophones/Santé, 2002, 12(1), 45-55.
[20]
E. Essien, M. J. Haruna, and P. K. Emebu, Prevalence of malnutrition and its Effects on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in sokoto metropolis, pakistan journal of nutrition, 2012, 11(7):511-515.
[21]
Y. Y. Lee, A. M. W. M. Wan, Mutritional status, academic performance and parental feeding practices of primary school children in a rural district in Kelantan, Malaysia. Prog Health Sci, 2014, 4(1):144-152.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186