Assessment of the Nutrition and Dietary Status During Pregnancy
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 25-30
Received: Nov. 26, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 19, 2016; Published: Jan. 18, 2017
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Authors
Hassan S. O. Abduljabbar, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Abdullah K. Agabawi, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Maryam H. Habib, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Sondos Alturkistani, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Bashair Azhari, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Medical College, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract
The Objective of the study Is to assess the nutrition during pregnancy in Saudi women. It is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted to collect, describe and analyze the nutritional status during pregnancy, performed on pregnant women.(May 2016 - July 2016). (210) patients selected from the antenatal clinic KAUH. Inclusion criteria include pregnant women, not in a special diet, and willing to participate. The ethics committee of KAU approved the study. Data collected using a Questionnaire (Food Frequency Questionnaire) developed and validated in English language. The questionnaire proposed, used as an indicator of a healthy nutritional diet. Which include eight questions. Results; The total number questionnaires (187) were ready for analysis the positive response rate was only (89.1%). The mean ± stander deviation of age (28.79 ± 5.418), Gravidity (2.98 ± 2.180), Gestational Age (29.42 ± 7.920). The mean of hemoglobin (9.79 ± 1.49), and BMI range from 14 – 45 with a mean of (27.33 ± 6.59). When analyzing the questionnaires pregnant women divided into two group. Group 1 (171) those women who consumes healthy diet (eight questions answered yes) and Group 2 only 16 pregnant women out 187 (8.56%) consumes a poor diet. (25.7%) had hemoglobin was less than 9mg/dL. The group the poor diet had more small baby which was statistically significant with P < 0.026. Comparing the two groups the fetal complication were statistically significant higher in the poor diet group, with a p value < 0.004 with OD ratio 95% confidence limit 7.318 (2.128-25.166). The level of hemoglobin were less than 10 mg/dL 0.280 (0.087 - 0.902) P < 0.022. The MBI less than 25 with ODs ratio and 95% cl 0.364 (0.121 - 1.092) and p < 0.54. In conclusion, our sample of Saudi pregnant women only 8.56%, and 25.7% their hemoglobin were less than 9gm/dL and their BMI were 27. 33. Poor diet affect only the level of hemoglobin and fetal weight at delivery.
Keywords
Nutrition, Pregnancy, Saudi Arabia
To cite this article
Hassan S. O. Abduljabbar, Abdullah K. Agabawi, Maryam H. Habib, Sondos Alturkistani, Bashair Azhari, Assessment of the Nutrition and Dietary Status During Pregnancy, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2017, pp. 25-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20170601.15
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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