Assessment of Nutritional Status and Its Determinants Among Pre-School Children Within Dalit Communities of Jessore City in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 65-70
Received: Feb. 3, 2018; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2018; Published: Mar. 24, 2018
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Authors
Akimul Islam, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Md Tarek Hasan, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Nazia Nawshad Lina, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Fatema-Tuj-Johra, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Shovon Al-Fuad, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
Rajib Kanti Roy, Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Jessore University of Science and Technology, Jessore, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Background: The socio-religiously considered low class Dalit communities are living below extreme poverty line in Bangladesh. They face discrimination at all levels of social interactions. Lack of access to education, extreme poverty issues, health and housing problems, and unequal access to work and employment may put this underprivileged community at the risk of malnutrition. Objectives: This study was carried out to determine the nutritional status and associated factors among preschool children within various Dalit communities in Jessore city, Bangladesh. Study Design: A cross sectional study was undertaken among 165 pre-school children (24-60 months) randomly selected from different Dalit families living in Jessore city, Bangladesh. Anthropometric methods and a structured questionnaire were used to collect the required data. WHO based anthropometric Z scores and MUAC (Mid Upper Arm Circumference) indicators were used to measure nutritional status of the children. Data analysis at 5% level of significance was performed by Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS)-22 software. Results: About 58% and 45% of the studied preschool children were stunted and underweight respectively while 22.5% children were wasted. Nearly 8.5% children were obese or at risk of being obese. Most of the parents were illiterate or just completed only primary education. Mother and father education status was not statistically significant with stunting, wasting and underweight status of pre-school children. Moderate and severe stunting were relatively higher among younger children (p<0.05). According to MUAC assessment 82.4% of the children were normal, 16.9% had mild to moderate and 0.6% was severely malnourished. Most of those malnourished children belonged to younger age groups (p<0.01). MUAC of the children was significant with their mother education status (p<0.05). 61.2% children who suffered diarrhea or pneumonia in last 2 months had lower weight for age (p<0.05) and weight for height (p<0.01) than who didn’t. Conclusions: About half of preschool children among Dalit communities in Jessore city live with chronic malnutrition like stunting and underweight. Maternal health status as well as other socio-demographic factors can affect the nutritional status of children.
Keywords
Nutritional Status, Preschool Children, Dalit Community, Socio-Demographic
To cite this article
Akimul Islam, Md Tarek Hasan, Nazia Nawshad Lina, Fatema-Tuj-Johra, Shovon Al-Fuad, Rajib Kanti Roy, Assessment of Nutritional Status and Its Determinants Among Pre-School Children Within Dalit Communities of Jessore City in Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 65-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20180702.14
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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