Factors Affecting Consumers’ Choice in Consumption of Organic Vegetables and Methods Used to Avoid Consumption of Unhealthy Foods in Tanzania
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2018, Pages: 71-80
Received: Jan. 29, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 21, 2018; Published: Apr. 11, 2018
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Authors
Willbroad Kawemama, Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Consumers Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Jovin Mugula, Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Consumers Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Alex Wostry, Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania Organization, Morogoro, Tanzania
Janet Maro, Sustainable Agriculture Tanzania Organization, Morogoro, Tanzania
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Abstract
In the previous decades, there has been an upsurge of use of pesticides on food produces. Many consumers now perceive or are knowledgeable that consumption of organic vegetables is healthier than consuming their corresponding items. A cross sectional study was done to assess the factors affecting consumers’ choice in consumption of organic vegetables and methods used to avoid consumption of unhealthy foods in Morogoro and Kinondoni municipalities. A total of 200 paticipants half from each segment were interviewed using a constructed and pretested structured questionnaire. However, the analysis was done to 192 residents, half from each study segment. Data analysis was done through SPSS version 20. Scale liability was tested with Cronbach alpha. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to determine factors that affected the consumers’ choice and identify as well as the approaches used by them to avoid the consumption of unhealthy foods. To avoid consumption of foods that were perceived perilous, physical appearance was a common method used by most (52%, β = 0.493) consumers compared to reading product labels (45.3%, β = 0.296), asking product information (38%, β = 0.434) and product tasting (26%, β = 0.146). The low purchasing and consumption rates of organic vegetables were significantly different (P< 0.05), affected by their perceived low shelf life (β = 0.108), lack of uniqueness (β = 0.071) and unavailability in the market (β = 0.032). Most organic food growers (97%) needed an external participatory guarantee system for liable market so that producers and investors cooperate with organic growers for business-oriented aspects.
Keywords
Organic Vegetables, Factor, Methods and Consumers
To cite this article
Willbroad Kawemama, Jovin Mugula, Alex Wostry, Janet Maro, Factors Affecting Consumers’ Choice in Consumption of Organic Vegetables and Methods Used to Avoid Consumption of Unhealthy Foods in Tanzania, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2018, pp. 71-80. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20180702.15
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Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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